Time Dependent Problems and Difference Methods

Author: Bertil Gustafsson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471507345
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Time dependent problems frequently pose challenges in areas of science and engineering dealing with numerical analysis, scientific computation, mathematical models, and most importantly—numerical experiments intended to analyze physical behavior and test design. Time Dependent Problems and Difference Methods addresses these various industrial considerations in a pragmatic and detailed manner, giving special attention to time dependent problems in its coverage of the derivation and analysis of numerical methods for computational approximations to Partial Differential Equations (PDEs). The book is written in two parts. Part I discusses problems with periodic solutions; Part II proceeds to discuss initial boundary value problems for partial differential equations and numerical methods for them. The problems with periodic solutions have been chosen because they allow the application of Fourier analysis without the complication that arises from the infinite domain for the corresponding Cauchy problem. Furthermore, the analysis of periodic problems provides necessary conditions when constructing methods for initial boundary value problems. Much of the material included in Part II appears for the first time in this book. The authors draw on their own interests and combined extensive experience in applied mathematics and computer science to bring about this practical and useful guide. They provide complete discussions of the pertinent theorems and back them up with examples and illustrations. For physical scientists, engineers, or anyone who uses numerical experiments to test designs or to predict and investigate physical phenomena, this invaluable guide is destined to become a constant companion. Time Dependent Problems and Difference Methods analysts, mathematical modelers, and graduate students of applied mathematics and scientific computations.

Time Dependent Problems and Difference Methods

Author: Bertil Gustafsson
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118548523
Format: PDF, Docs
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Praise for the First Edition ". . . fills a considerable gap in the numerical analysis literature by providing a self-contained treatment . . . this is an important work written in a clear style . . . warmly recommended to any graduate student or researcher in the field of the numerical solution of partial differential equations." —SIAM Review Time-Dependent Problems and Difference Methods, Second Edition continues to provide guidance for the analysis of difference methods for computing approximate solutions to partial differential equations for time-dependent problems. The book treats differential equations and difference methods with a parallel development, thus achieving a more useful analysis of numerical methods. The Second Edition presents hyperbolic equations in great detail as well as new coverage on second-order systems of wave equations including acoustic waves, elastic waves, and Einstein equations. Compared to first-order hyperbolic systems, initial-boundary value problems for such systems contain new properties that must be taken into account when analyzing stability. Featuring the latest material in partial differential equations with new theorems, examples, and illustrations,Time-Dependent Problems and Difference Methods, Second Edition also includes: High order methods on staggered grids Extended treatment of Summation By Parts operators and their application to second-order derivatives Simplified presentation of certain parts and proofs Time-Dependent Problems and Difference Methods, Second Edition is an ideal reference for physical scientists, engineers, numerical analysts, and mathematical modelers who use numerical experiments to test designs and to predict and investigate physical phenomena. The book is also excellent for graduate-level courses in applied mathematics and scientific computations.

High Order Difference Methods for Time Dependent PDE

Author: Bertil Gustafsson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783540749936
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book covers high order finite difference methods for time dependent PDE. It gives an overview of the basic theory and construction principles by using model examples. The book also contains a general presentation of the techniques and results for well-posedness and stability, with inclusion of the three fundamental methods of analysis both for PDE in its original and discretized form: the Fourier transform, the eneregy method and the Laplace transform.

Spectral Methods for Time Dependent Problems

Author: Jan S. Hesthaven
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113945952X
Format: PDF
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Spectral methods are well-suited to solve problems modeled by time-dependent partial differential equations: they are fast, efficient and accurate and widely used by mathematicians and practitioners. This class-tested 2007 introduction, the first on the subject, is ideal for graduate courses, or self-study. The authors describe the basic theory of spectral methods, allowing the reader to understand the techniques through numerous examples as well as more rigorous developments. They provide a detailed treatment of methods based on Fourier expansions and orthogonal polynomials (including discussions of stability, boundary conditions, filtering, and the extension from the linear to the nonlinear situation). Computational solution techniques for integration in time are dealt with by Runge-Kutta type methods. Several chapters are devoted to material not previously covered in book form, including stability theory for polynomial methods, techniques for problems with discontinuous solutions, round-off errors and the formulation of spectral methods on general grids. These will be especially helpful for practitioners.

Finite Difference Methods for Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations

Author: Randall J. LeVeque
Publisher: SIAM
ISBN: 9780898717839
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book introduces finite difference methods for both ordinary differential equations (ODEs) and partial differential equations (PDEs) and discusses the similarities and differences between algorithm design and stability analysis for different types of equations. A unified view of stability theory for ODEs and PDEs is presented, and the interplay between ODE and PDE analysis is stressed. The text emphasizes standard classical methods, but several newer approaches also are introduced and are described in the context of simple motivating examples.

Finite Volume Methods for Hyperbolic Problems

Author: Randall J. LeVeque
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139434187
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book, first published in 2002, contains an introduction to hyperbolic partial differential equations and a powerful class of numerical methods for approximating their solution, including both linear problems and nonlinear conservation laws. These equations describe a wide range of wave propagation and transport phenomena arising in nearly every scientific and engineering discipline. Several applications are described in a self-contained manner, along with much of the mathematical theory of hyperbolic problems. High-resolution versions of Godunov's method are developed, in which Riemann problems are solved to determine the local wave structure and limiters are then applied to eliminate numerical oscillations. These methods were originally designed to capture shock waves accurately, but are also useful tools for studying linear wave-propagation problems, particularly in heterogenous material. The methods studied are implemented in the CLAWPACK software package and source code for all the examples presented can be found on the web, along with animations of many of the simulations. This provides an excellent learning environment for understanding wave propagation phenomena and finite volume methods.

Time dependent Partial Differential Equations and Their Numerical Solution

Author: Heinz-Otto Kreiss
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3034882297
Format: PDF
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This book studies time-dependent partial differential equations and their numerical solution, developing the analytic and the numerical theory in parallel, and placing special emphasis on the discretization of boundary conditions. The theoretical results are then applied to Newtonian and non-Newtonian flows, two-phase flows and geophysical problems. This book will be a useful introduction to the field for applied mathematicians and graduate students.

Numerical Time Dependent Partial Differential Equations for Scientists and Engineers

Author: Moysey Brio
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080917047
Format: PDF, Kindle
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It is the first text that in addition to standard convergence theory treats other necessary ingredients for successful numerical simulations of physical systems encountered by every practitioner. The book is aimed at users with interests ranging from application modeling to numerical analysis and scientific software development. It is strongly influenced by the authors research in in space physics, electrical and optical engineering, applied mathematics, numerical analysis and professional software development. The material is based on a year-long graduate course taught at the University of Arizona since 1989. The book covers the first two-semesters of a three semester series. The second semester is based on a semester-long project, while the third semester requirement consists of a particular methods course in specific disciplines like computational fluid dynamics, finite element method in mechanical engineering, computational physics, biology, chemistry, photonics, etc. The first three chapters focus on basic properties of partial differential equations, including analysis of the dispersion relation, symmetries, particular solutions and instabilities of the PDEs; methods of discretization and convergence theory for initial value problems. The goal is to progress from observations of simple numerical artifacts like diffusion, damping, dispersion, and anisotropies to their analysis and management technique, as it is not always possible to completely eliminate them. In the second part of the book we cover topics for which there are only sporadic theoretical results, while they are an integral part and often the most important part for successful numerical simulation. We adopt a more heuristic and practical approach using numerical methods of investigation and validation. The aim is teach students subtle key issues in order to separate physics from numerics. The following topics are addressed: Implementation of transparent and absorbing boundary conditions; Practical stability analysis in the presence of the boundaries and interfaces; Treatment of problems with different temporal/spatial scales either explicit or implicit; preservation of symmetries and additional constraints; physical regularization of singularities; resolution enhancement using adaptive mesh refinement and moving meshes. Self contained presentation of key issues in successful numerical simulation Accessible to scientists and engineers with diverse background Provides analysis of the dispersion relation, symmetries, particular solutions and instabilities of the partial differential equations

The Generalized Finite Difference Method for an Inverse Time dependent Source Problem Associated with Three dimensional Heat Equation

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Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
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Abstract: This paper presents a meshless numerical scheme for recovering the time-dependent heat source in general three-dimensional (3D) heat conduction problems. The problem considered is ill-posed and the determination of the unknown heat source is achieved here by using the boundary condition, initial condition and the extra measured data from a fixed point placed inside the domain. The extra measured data are used to guarantee the uniqueness of the solution. The generalized finite difference method (GFDM), a recently-developed meshless method, is then adopted to solve the resulting time-dependent boundary-value problem. In our computations, the second-order Crank–Nicolson scheme is employed for the temporal discretization and the proposed GFDM for the spatial discretization. Several benchmark test problems with both smooth and piecewise smooth geometries have been studied to verify the accuracy and efficiency of the proposed method. No need to apply any well-known regularization strategy, the accurate and stable solution could be obtained with a comparatively large level of noise.