Towards a New Pensions Settlement

Author: Gregg McClymont
ISBN: 9781786607102
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book weighs the experiences of eight nations across the Americas, Asia and Europe on early pensions processes.

A New Pension Settlement for the Twenty First Century

Author: Great Britain. Pensions Commission
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 0117036021
Format: PDF
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The Pensions Commission is an independent body established by the Government to review the adequacy of current arrangements for private pensions and retirement savings in the UK and to make recommendations on appropriate policy changes, including the option of moving to a compulsory system. Following on from its first report (ISBN 0117027804) published in October 2004, this second report sets out the Commission's conclusions on the likely evolution of the UK pension system if policy is unchanged, and makes recommendations for a new policy direction. Recommendations are based on two key elements: the automatic enrolment of employees into either a new National Pensions Savings System or into existing company pension schemes, with an option for employees to opt-out, and with a modest compulsory employer matching contribution; and reform of state pension provision in order to make it simpler to understand and less means-tested. The Commission concludes that these reforms will require some increase in public expenditure on pensions as a percentage of GDP over the next 45 years, and that increases in state pension ages will be needed to keep that increase within sustainable levels over the long term. The Commission presents a range of possible combinations of public expenditure and state pensions ages, and calls for a public debate to consider these options. It also recommends the establishment of a successor body to continue to review the situation and report to Parliament and government every four years.

Reforming Pensions

Author: Nicholas Barr
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199889066
Format: PDF, ePub
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Mandatory pensions are a worldwide phenomenon. However, with fixed contribution rates, monthly benefits, and retirement ages, pension systems are not consistent with three long-run trends: declining mortality, declining fertility, and earlier retirement. Many systems need reform. This book gives an extensive nontechnical explanation of the economics of pension design. The theoretical arguments have three elements: * Pension systems have multiple objectives--consumption smoothing, insurance, poverty relief, and redistribution. Good policy needs to bear them all in mind. * Good analysis should be framed in a second-best context-- simple economic models are a bad guide to policy design in a world with imperfect information and decision-making, incomplete markets and taxation. * Any choice of pension system has risk-sharing and distributional consequences, which the book recognizes explicitly. Barr and Diamond's analysis includes labor markets, capital markets, risk sharing, and gender and family, with comparison of PAYG and funded systems, recognizing that the suitable level of funding differs by country. Alongside the economic principles of good design, policy must also take account of a country's capacity to implement the system. Thus the theoretical analysis is complemented by discussion of implementation, and of experiences, both good and bad, in many countries, with particular attention to Chile and China.

Matching Contributions for Pensions

Author: Richard Hinz
Publisher: World Bank Publications
ISBN: 0821394932
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The use of matching contributions to enhance the participation and level of savings in pensions system has now been in use for nearly three decades in a number of high income countries. Increasingly, countries across the full range of economic development are looking to the design as a means of addressing the low rates of participation in formal pension and other retirement savings systems. A number of countries have recently introduced innovations in their pension systems that significantly rely on contributions matches and related types of direct subsidies to provide incentives for groups that mandates and other indirect methods such as preferential tax treatment have been unsuccessful in reaching. There is particular interest among developing countries in utilizing this design to extend coverage to informal sector and low income workers that typically do not pay income related taxes. This volume provides descriptions and analysis of the design, experience and outcomes achieved in the high income countries where there information about the dynamics and outcomes that this approach has achieved is not beginning to emerge. It also reviews new efforts to use the design in a number of other settings in which the matching contributions have been included as a significant element in reform of the pension system. The review of the experience with matching contribution across this full range of settings provides important observations and some initial lessons for policy makers and analysts who may be considering or evaluating the use of this approach to increase pension coverage.

Governance and Fund Management in the Chinese Pension System

Author: Yu-Wei Hu
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
ISBN: 1451918089
Format: PDF
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The Chinese pension system is highly fragmented and decentralized, with governance standards, pension fund management practices, their regulation and supervision varying considerably both across the funded components of the Chinese pension system and across provinces. This paper describes the key components of the system, highlights the progress made to date and identifies remaining weaknesses, in regard to information disclosure, the governance framework and pension fund management standards.

Challenges at the Bank for International Settlements

Author: Elmar B. Koch
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540727906
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Challenges facing central bankers are expertly examined and analyzed. The book explores monetary policy and financial crisis as well as insolvency, collective action clauses, international mediation, and management of central banks. The author has worked as an economist at the Monetary and Economic Department of the Bank for International Settlements and as an international mediator for the Secretariat of the G10 Ministers and Governors.