Towards a Semiotic Biology

Author: Kalevi Kull
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1848166885
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book presents programmatic texts on biosemiotics, written collectively by world leading scholars in the field (Deacon, Emmeche, Favareau, Hoffmeyer, Kull, Markos, Pattee, Stjernfelt). In addition, the book includes chapters which focus closely on semiotic case studies (Bruni, Kotov, Maran, Neuman, Turovski). According to the central thesis of biosemiotics, sign processes characterise all living systems and the very nature of life, and their diverse phenomena can be best explained via the dynamics and typology of sign relations. The authors are therefore presenting a deeper view on biological evolution, intentionality of organisms, the role of communication in the living world and the nature of sign systems - all topics which are described in this volume. This has important consequences on the methodology and epistemology of biology and study of life phenomena in general, which the authors aim to help the reader better understand.

Natur als Bedeutung

Author: Andreas Weber
Publisher: Königshausen & Neumann
ISBN: 9783826024719
Format: PDF, Mobi
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"Natur als Bedeutung" ist der Entwurf einer ästhetischen Theorie der Natur aus der Perspektive einer Biologie als Bedeutungslehre. Sie versucht, sowohl die Kultur als auch die menschliche Existenz als Lebewesen unter dem einheitlichen Blickwinkel organischer Verkörpertheit zu verstehen. Dies geschieht in bewußter Abwendung von gängigen evolutionären Theorien des Ästhetischen. Organismen werden nicht als deterministische Überlebensmaschinen gedacht, sondern autopoietisch als komplexe, sich selbst herstellende, und aus ihren existentiellen Bedürfnissen Bedeutungen erzeugende Systeme. Leben ist ein fundamental semiotisches Phänomen. In einer solchen Biosemiotik entsteht Sinn nicht nach dem Modell arbiträrer Zeichensy-steme von Texten, sondern entschlüsselt sich in den existentiellen Bedürfnissen des Organismus. Damit vollzieht die Arbeit auch eine Abwendung von gängigen poststrukturalistischen Ästhetiken. Vielmehr wird im ästhetischen Erlebnis der Natur die prinzipell problematische conditio vitae, dieser Rahmen auch der conditio humana, zeichenhaft transparent. Dieser Umstand erklärt die überwältigende Konjunktur von Natursymbolen in allen Kulturen der Welt, früher und archaischer, aber auch westlich-moderner. Natur, als lebende Form, ist Symbol organischer Intentionalität. Die tiefste Bedeutung der Natur für den Menschen ist somit, die reale Präsenz seines eigenen, letztlich unergründlichen, Selbst zu ermöglichen.

Biosemiotics

Author: Marcello Barbieri
Publisher: Nova Publishers
ISBN: 9781600216121
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book presents contexts and associations of the semiotic view in biology, by making a short review of the history of the trends and ideas of biosemiotics, or semiotic biology, in parallel with theoretical biology. Biosemiotics can be defined as the science of signs in living systems. A principal and distinctive characteristic of semiotic biology lies in the understanding that in living, entities do not interact like mechanical bodies, but rather as messages, the pieces of text. This means that the whole determinism is of another type.

The Catalyzing Mind

Author: Kenneth R Cabell
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461488214
Format: PDF, Kindle
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How do we understand and explain phenomena in psychology? What does the concept of “causality” mean when we discuss higher psychological functions and behavior? Is it possible to generate “laws” in a psychological and behavioral science—laws that go beyond statistical regularities, frequencies, and probabilities? An international group of authors compare and contrast the use of a causal model in psychology with a newer model—the catalytic model. The Catalyzing Mind: Beyond Models of Causality proposes an approach to the qualitative nature of psychological phenomena that focuses on the psychological significance and meaning of conditions, contexts, and situations as well as their sign-mediating processes. Contributors develop, apply, and criticize the notion of a catalyzing mind in hopes of achieving conceptual clarity and rigor. Disciplines such as philosophy, psychology, semiotics and biosemiotics are used for an interdisciplinary approach to the book. Research topics such as history and national identity, immigration, and transitions to adulthood are all brought into a dialogue with the concept of the catalyzing mind. With a variety of disciplines, theoretical concepts, and research topics this book is a collective effort at an approach to move beyond models of causality for explaining and understanding psychological phenomena.

Introduction to Biosemiotics

Author: Marcello Barbieri
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402048149
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Combining research approaches from biology, philosophy and linguistics, the field of Biosemiotics proposes that animals, plants and single cells all engage in semiosis – the conversion of objective signals into conventional signs. This has important implications and applications for issues ranging from natural selection to animal behavior and human psychology, leaving biosemiotics at the cutting edge of the research on the fundamentals of life. Drawing on an international expertise, the book details the history and study of biosemiotics, and provides a state-of-the-art summary of the current work in this new field. And, with relevance to a wide range of disciplines – from linguistics and semiotics to evolutionary phenomena and the philosophy of biology – the book provides an important text for both students and established researchers, while marking a vital step in the evolution of a new biological paradigm.

History of Semiotics

Author: Achim Eschbach
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027280444
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume brings together a collection of papers on the general theoretical and methodological problems in the historiography of semiotics. It is not a history in the conventional sense, even though the main periods and figures in the development of semiotics are given due prominence. Nevertheless, it should offer the reader stimulation and food for thought in the critical approach to even the least questioned facts of semiotic history and the emphasis given to hitherto neglected problems and persons.

Alles f hlt

Author: Andreas Weber
Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 3827072883
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Seit jeher erklärt uns die Wissenschaft: Alle Lebewesen werden von Reflexen und Genen gesteuert. Doch was ist mit den Gefühlen? Lassen sie sich mit der Naturwissenschaft vereinbaren? Klar und packend erläutert Andreas Weber die Revolution der Lebenswissenschaften: Tiere und Pflanzen sind inniger mit uns verwandt, als wir jemals vermutet hätten. An ihnen erfahren wir zentrale Dimensionen unserer Gefühle. Daraus ergibt sich eine brisante Erkenntnis: Nur wenn wir die Natur bewahren, werden wir unsere eigene Humanität und Freiheit retten können.

Cultural Implications of Biosemiotics

Author: Paul Cobley
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9402408584
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is the first book to consider the major implications for culture of the new science of biosemiotics. The volume is mainly aimed at an audience outside biosemiotics and semiotics, in the humanities and social sciences principally, who will welcome elucidation of the possible benefits to their subject area from a relatively new field. The book is therefore devoted to illuminating the extent to which biosemiotics constitutes an ‘epistemological break’ with ‘modern’ modes of conceptualizing culture. It shows biosemiotics to be a significant departure from those modes of thought that neglect to acknowledge continuity across nature, modes which install culture and the vicissitudes of the polis at the centre of their deliberations. The volume exposes the untenability of the ‘culture/nature’ division, presenting a challenge to the many approaches that can only produce an understanding of culture as a realm autonomous and divorced from nature.

Mimicry and Meaning Structure and Semiotics of Biological Mimicry

Author: Timo Maran
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319503170
Format: PDF, ePub
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The present book analyses critically the tripartite mimicry model (consisting of the mimic, model and receiver species) and develops semiotic tools for comparative analysis. It is proposed that mimicry has a double structure where sign relations in communication are in constant interplay with ecological relations between species. Multi-constructivism and toolbox-like conceptual methods are advocated for, as these allow taking into account both the participants’ Umwelten as well as cultural meanings related to specific mimicry cases. From biosemiotic viewpoint, mimicry is a sign relation, where deceptively similar messages are perceived, interpreted and acted upon. Focusing on living subjects and their communication opens up new ways to understand mimicry. Such view helps to explain the diversity of mimicry as well as mimicry studies and treat these in a single framework. On a meta-level, a semiotic view allows critical reflection on the use of mimicry concept in modern biology. The author further discusses interpretations of mimicry in contemporary semiotics, analyses mimicry as communicative interaction, relates mimicry to iconic signs and focuses on abstract resemblances in mimicry. Theoretical discussions are illustrated with detailed excursions into practical mimicry cases in nature (brood parasitism, eyespots, myrmecomorphy, etc.). The book concludes with a conviction that mimicry should be treated in a broader semiotic-ecological context as it presumes the existence of ecological codes and other sign conventions in the ecosystem.