Towards a Theory of Thinking

Author: Britt Glatzeder
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9783642031298
Format: PDF
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What is Thinking? – Trying to Define an Equally Fascinating and Elusive Phenomenon Human thinking is probably the most complex phenomenon that evolution has come up with until now. There exists a broad spectrum of definitions, from subs- ing almost all processes of cognition to limiting it to language-based, sometimes even only to formalizable reasoning processes. We work with a “medium sized” definition according to which thinking encompasses all operations by which cog- tive agents link mental content in order to gain new insights or perspectives. Mental content is, thus, a prerequisite for and the substrate on which thinking operations are executed. The largely unconscious acts of perceptual object stabilization, ca- gorization, emotional evaluation – and retrieving all the above from memory inscriptions – are the processes by which mental content is generated, and are, therefore, seen as prerequisites for thinking operations. In terms of a differentia specifica, the notion of “thinking” is seen as narrower than the notion of “cognition” and as wider than the notion of “reasoning”. Thinking is, thus, seen as a subset of cognition processes; and reasoning processes are seen as a subset of thinking. Besides reasoning, the notion of thinking includes also nonexplicit, intuitive, and associative processes of linking mental content. According to this definition, thinking is not dependant on language, i. e. also many animals and certainly all mammals show early forms of thinking.

Lernen als soziale Praxis im Internet

Author: André Czauderna
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3658046619
Format: PDF, Docs
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​André Czauderna beschäftigt sich mit Lernprozessen im Internet am Beispiel eines Forums zum Videospiel Pokémon. In vier objektiv hermeneutischen Sequenzanalysen rekonstruiert er die Strukturmerkmale, die den Prozess des Lernens – verstanden als soziale Praxis – im Rahmen der untersuchten Threads charakterisieren. Schließlich skizziert er die Grundzüge einer soziologischen Theorie des Lernens in Computerspielinternetforen.​

Measurement in Nursing and Health Research

Author: Carolyn Feher Waltz
Publisher: Springer Publishing Company
ISBN: 9780826126368
Format: PDF
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Winner of an AJN Book of the Year Award!. Now in its third edition, this classic text on the how-to's of measurement presents the basic principles and terminology, along with practical information, on how to design and implement measurement instruments in nursing and health care. The book is for nurses in a variety of roles, including student, educator, clinician, researcher, administrator, and consultant. An appendix of data sources and other measurement resources, including internet sites, completes the book.

The Economics of John Rae

Author: Omar Hamouda
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134725248
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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John Rae made a wide-ranging contribution to economics, in particular through his work on Capital Theory and Technical Change. Although Rae was held in high esteem by some of the great names of the past who have openly acknowledged his originality and their indebtedness to him, he has not yet received all the attention he deserves. In The Economics of John Rae, respected economists, redress the general neglect of Rae as a classical economist and examine his role as a political economist.

Marketing Apocalypse

Author: Jim Bell
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113468925X
Format: PDF, Docs
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The present volume of essays examines the extent to which the end of marketing is nigh. The authors explore the present state of marketing scholarship and put forward a variety of visions of marketing in the twenty first century. Ranging from narratology to feminism, these suggestions are always enlightening, often provocative and occasionally outrageous. Maketing Apocalypse is required reading for anyone interested in the future of marketing.

Theory and Practice of International Mediation

Author: Jacob Bercovitch
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136827129
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This volume brings together some of the most significant papers on international conflict mediation by Professor Jacob Bercovitch, one of the leading scholars in the field. It has become common practice to note that mediation has been, and remains, one of the most important structures of dealing with and resolving social conflicts. Irrespective of the level of political or social organization, of their location in time and space, and of the political sophistication of a society, mediation has always been there to help deal with conflicts. As a method of conflict management, the practice of settling disputes through intermediaries has had a rich history in all cultures, both Western and non-Western. In some non-Western countries (especially in the Middle East and China) mediation has been the most important and enduring structure of conflict resolution. Jacob Bercovitch has been at the forefront of developments in international conflict mediation for more than 25 years, and is generally recognized as one of the most important scholars in the field. His theoretical and empirical analyses have come to define the parameters in the study of mediation. This volume will help scholars and practitioners trace the history of the field, its position today and its future and will be of much interest to all students of mediation, negotiation, conflict management, international security and international relations in general.

Child and Adolescent Psychotherapy

Author: Peter Blake
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1855758989
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Introduces child psychotherapy, providing an overview of the foundations of psychoanalysis, the process of assessment and referral, and different elements of therapy.