Toxicology of the Lung Fourth Edition

Author: Donald E. Gardner
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1616310200
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The most up-to-date treatment of inhalation toxicology available, Toxicology of the Lung, Fourth Edition examines the subject from a target-organ perspective. Completely revised and updated, the book includes contributions from an entirely new set of authors, each of them a leading international authority in their respective specialties. As with the previous editions, it presents the latest advances in our knowledge of how the lung responds to airborne contaminants. It discusses the assessment of nanomaterials, pulmonary administration of new therapeutics, health effects of inhaled particulate matter from diesel exhaust, and respiratory genomics. The new edition provides insight into current thinking about the critical need for understanding the kinetics and dynamic interactions associated with toxic effects. It explores the appropriateness of recent advances made across disciplines and addresses human clinical testing and emerging technology for using animal and in vitro models to detect adverse effects. The book examines how airborne substances can alter the physiological, biochemical, and morphological functioning of biological systems and covers the latest modeling approaches for predicting deposition and fate of inhaled particles. Illustrating on-going research efforts for delineating the association between airborne substances and systemic effects, the book provides authoritative reviews of selected areas. The editor makes the information accessible to readers who do not have a background in pulmonary physiology without sacrificing the scientific rigor required by those who do. These features make this the ultimate resource on how pollutants affect allergies, infection, and other lung diseases.

Cardiovascular Toxicology Fourth Edition

Author: Daniel Acosta
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420044745
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Focused extensively on the toxic effect of chemicals on the cardiovascular system, Cardiovascular Toxicology, Fourth Edition is comprised of several key sections beyond cardio and vascular toxicity, such as principles of myocardial cell injury and key methods of assessing cardiovascular function. New developments include: expanded chapter on passive smoking, which includes adverse effects of smoking, and the effects of secondary smoke new chapter on the negative effects from environmental chemicals on the cardiovascular system chapters covering antibacterial agents and endotoxins include new information on cardiovascular toxicity of antimicrobials, as well as anti-viral agents, antibacterial agents, and other agents

Reproductive Toxicology Third Edition

Author: Robert W. Kapp
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420073443
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Thoroughly examining the popular and expanding field of reproductive toxicology, this newly revised and expanded third edition provides the latest, cutting-edge scientific developments in this constantly evolving discipline. Reproductive Toxicology’s contributors are experienced regulatory agency and Clinical Research Organization representatives who currently utilize the new techniques discussed in the text and continue to revolutionize reproductive toxicology research. This ground-breaking resource includes: New and important critical mechanistic topics such as epigenetics and omics The first significant compilation of epigenetic mechanisms An in-depth analysis of the role of genomics, proteomics, and metabolomicsin human reproduction New guidelines with respect to the latest research applications in the field

Lu s Basic Toxicology

Author: Frank C. Lu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9781420055986
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This classic textbook now enters its forth edition, offering a distillation of decades of research and teaching experience in toxicology. Known all over the world after its translation into six languages, Lu's Basic Toxicology: Fundamentals, Target Organs, and Risk Assessment is a benchmark text that brings clarity and insight into a rapidly evolving subject. Noted for its concise yet broad coverage of the subject, this new edition includes new chapters on over-the counter preparations, lactation and occupational toxicology. In addition, it covers: " The action of chemicals that cause cancer, mutations, congenital malformations and organ or system specific effects " Why chemical target specific organs and systems and how these effects are revealed by laboratory tests " The host and environmental factors that modify these effects " The effects of food additives, pesticides, metals, pollutants in air, water and soil, as well as toxicants encountered in workplaces " The procedures commonly used in assessing risk associated with these chemicals The breadth of this book makes it ideal for students requiring an introduction to toxicology, whether those specializing in toxicology or those from other biomedical disciplines who need a clear and concise overview of the field. The inclusion of separate subject and chemical indexes also makes it a useful shelf reference for more experienced researchers. In Lu's Basic Toxicology, Frank Lu and Sam Kacew have transcribed their vast experience to produce a book which will be an invaluable reference to student and practising toxicologists everywhere.

Toxicology of the Skin

Author: Nancy A. Monteiro-Riviere
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420079182
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This key volume of the Target Organ Toxicology Series provides a fresh and modern approach to the subject of skin toxicology from the perspective of how the skin forms a barrier that protects the body from the external environment and how chemicals and drugs interact with the barrier properties of the skin. Any defects or perturbations to this barrier may result in damage to the skin or may alter absorption. With contributions from over 40 international experts in the field of skin biology, the book presents the central role of the skin barrier to health and disease reviewing; The skin’s anatomy and physiology, with focus on the stratum corneum as a barrier to foreign substances. Dermal absorption, cutaneous metabolism, and epidermal transporters. Altered barriers, racial skin types, aged skin, photoaged skin, cosmetics and skin sensitization. Modern approaches to drug delivery across the skin barrier, including liposomes, microneedle technology, active and passive transdermal delivery. Examples and case studies of chemical toxicity after topical exposures ranging from arsenic, metal working fluids, bromine, jet fuel, sulfur mustard and including the emerging area of nanomaterial penetration. Toxicology of the Skin is essential reading for drug delivery pharmacologist, formulation scientists, dermatologists, toxicologists, molecular biologists, engineers, surgeons, students and anyone interested in skin irritation and skin absorption.

Endocrine Toxicology Third Edition

Author: J. Charles Eldridge
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 142009310X
Format: PDF, ePub
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With contributions by international experts in academia, chemical manufacturing, government research laboratories, regulatory agencies, and private consulting, this guide explores the potentially damaging influence of environmental agents on the endocrine system. It examines endocrine toxicology’s increased importance in environmental safety issues due to legislative directives established over the past ten years. Covering all principal areas of EPA concern, Endocrine Toxicology, Third Edition provides: putative endocrine disruptors and mechanisms of endocrine toxicity the history and status of the regulatory process mechanisms of toxic effects in various hormonal systems comparisons of the endocrine responses in humans, livestock, and wildlife testing methods in mammalian, fish, avian, and amphibian models valuable insight into the approaches of various personnel in the field, including: government officials who make and oversee policy; scientists in charge of development and validation of testing methods; basic researchers who identify toxic mechanisms; and manufacturers responsible for environmentally benign product certification

Toxicology of the Nose and Upper Airways

Author: John B. Morris
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN:
Format: PDF
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The application of molecular biologic methods, recognition of neurogenic inflammatory processes, and utilization of genetic knockout animals are just some of the advances in toxicology of the upper airways in recent years. Toxicology of the Nose and Upper Airways presents a culmination of knowledge gained as a result of both human and experimental animal studies over the past decade. With contributions from internationally recognized leaders in the fields of experimental toxicology, respiratory medicine, otolaryngology, allergy, and sensory science, this volume: Examines the effect of selected pollutants on the upper airways of both humans and experimental animals—emphasizing mechanistic issues in the process Discusses epidemiologic findings from populations exposed occupationally or environmentally, comparing and contrasting alternative risk assessment approaches Features clear chapter organization with sections on structure and function, dosimetry and toxicokinetics, functional and pathologic responses and their measurement, responses to specific agents, risk assessment, and special topics This volume is an essential reference for pharmacologists and toxicologists concerned with the nose and upper airway, as well as clinicians, risk assessors, and sensory scientists.

Encyclopedia of Toxicology Dib L

Author: Philip Wexler
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780127453521
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Encyclopedia of Toxicology second edition continues its comprehensive survey of toxicology. This new edition presents entries devoted to specific chemicals, the international scope of organizations included has been broadened, and articles describing a number of well-known toxic-related incidents such as Chernobyl and Three-Mile Island are included. Along with the traditional scientifically-based entries, new articles focus on the societal implications of toxicological knowledge including environmental crimes, chemical and biological warfare in ancient times, and a history of the U.S. environmental movement. With more than 1150 entries, this second edition has been expanded in length, breadth and depth and provides an extensive overview of the many facets of toxicology. (Midwest).

Environmental Toxicology

Author: Ming-Ho Yu
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439840393
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Human survival depends on the availability of clean air, water, and food and on the welfare of plants and animals. However, anthropogenic and naturally occurring chemicals can cause adverse effects on living organisms and ecological processes. Environmental Toxicology: Biological and Health Effects of Pollutants, Third Edition presents fundamental information on the effects of environmental toxicants on living systems. It focuses on the chemical and biological characteristics of major pollutants found in the air, water, and soil and relates them to the health and well being of humans, animals, and plants. An Indispensable Reference on Air, Soil, & Water Pollutants and Their Impact on Living Systems Surveying the environmental and health changes that have occurred in recent decades, the book discusses the sources, metabolism, and damage process of toxicants, and the environmental, biological, and nutritional factors that may influence toxicity. It looks at natural defense systems, including the mechanisms for detoxification—such as endogenous antioxidants and free radical scavenging enzymes—on a cellular level. The text examines the major toxicants: EPA criteria air pollutants, environmental fluoride, volatile organic compounds (VOCs), environmental metals and metalloids involved in soil and water pollution, and pesticides and related material such as PCBs and dioxins. It then addresses their relationship with endocrine disruption and environmental cancer. This comprehensive approach offers insight into the interaction of various chemical agents with DNA. Fully revised and expanded, the third edition of this popular book includes new and updated material as well as a new chapter on occupational toxicology. Appendices cover the process of ecological risk assessment, carcinogens, and PCB nomenclature. Based on research from more than 35 years of teaching environmental toxicology and related courses, this textbook is a useful resource for students, professionals, and researchers interested in the effects of pollutants on living systems. What’s New in This Edition A new chapter on occupational toxicology, covering indoor air quality, chemicals in the workplace, nanoparticle exposure, and more An updated chapter on environmental changes and health, including significant environmental changes that have occurred since the last edition An updated chapter on environmental cancer, including changes in death rates of respiratory cancers New material on the importance of nitrous oxide (N2O) in stratospheric ozone layer depletion An expanded discussion of environmental disasters