Training for Work in the Informal Micro Enterprise Sector

Author: Hans Christiaan Haan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402038283
Format: PDF, ePub
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In Sub-Sahara Africa, the sector of informal micro-enterprises (IMEs) is already employing a large share of the labour force in both urban and rural areas. This study reviews the ways in which the owners and workers of IMEs have acquired their vocational and management skills. It reviews the contributions of all the different training providers, including public sector training institutes, private sector training providers, and training centres run by NGOs and other non-profit organizations. The study finds that informal apprenticeship training is by far the most common source of various skills - in some countries it is likely to be responsible for 80-90% of all ongoing training efforts. Informal apprenticeship training presents a number of important advantages. At the same time it has a number of limitations. The study concludes that there is a major challenge to improve the transfer of relevant skills to IME operators, both through pre-employment training and skills upgrading. In view of the scope of the challenge to provide hundreds of thousands IME owners and workers, as well as large numbers of out of school youths with relevant practical and management skills, it suggests to build upon the strengths of the existing practices of informal apprenticeship training and to remedy its weaknesses by involving professional training providers in upgrading its training organization and delivery, quality and efficiency, and final training outcomes. It reviews the results of a number of innovative interventions in different African countries that are working in this direction. Finally, the study suggests that there is an interesting potential in ‘business-embedded training’ provided by private companies as part of their regular business operations.

Training for Work in the Informal Micro Enterprise Sector

Author: Hans Christiaan Haan
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402038283
Format: PDF
Download Now
In Sub-Sahara Africa, the sector of informal micro-enterprises (IMEs) is already employing a large share of the labour force in both urban and rural areas. This study reviews the ways in which the owners and workers of IMEs have acquired their vocational and management skills. It reviews the contributions of all the different training providers, including public sector training institutes, private sector training providers, and training centres run by NGOs and other non-profit organizations. The study finds that informal apprenticeship training is by far the most common source of various skills - in some countries it is likely to be responsible for 80-90% of all ongoing training efforts. Informal apprenticeship training presents a number of important advantages. At the same time it has a number of limitations. The study concludes that there is a major challenge to improve the transfer of relevant skills to IME operators, both through pre-employment training and skills upgrading. In view of the scope of the challenge to provide hundreds of thousands IME owners and workers, as well as large numbers of out of school youths with relevant practical and management skills, it suggests to build upon the strengths of the existing practices of informal apprenticeship training and to remedy its weaknesses by involving professional training providers in upgrading its training organization and delivery, quality and efficiency, and final training outcomes. It reviews the results of a number of innovative interventions in different African countries that are working in this direction. Finally, the study suggests that there is an interesting potential in ‘business-embedded training’ provided by private companies as part of their regular business operations.

The Transformation of Vocational Education and Training VET in the Baltic States Survey of Reforms and Developments

Author: Frank Bünning
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402043420
Format: PDF, Docs
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Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania, among the newest member states of the European Union, are part of the "Copenhagen process," the EU’s training and education initiative. These nations have enjoyed special attention in European Vocational Education and Training (VET) policy. This book reviews and analyses reforms in VET and its applications. The book will benefit researchers studying VET in the Baltic states, and in the broader context of internationalisation.

Identities at Work

Author: Alan Brown
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402049897
Format: PDF
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This book examines continuity and change of identity formation processes at work under conditions of modern working processes and labor market flexibility. By bringing together perspectives from sociology, psychology, organizational management, and vocational education and training, it connects the debates of skills formation, human resources development, and careers with individual’s work commitment and professional orientations.

Work Subjectivity and Learning

Author: Stephen Billett
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402053606
Format: PDF
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This book focuses on relations among subjectivity, work and learning that represent a point of convergence for diverse disciplinary traditions and practices. There are contributions from leading scholars in the field. They provide emerging perspectives that are elaborating the complex relations among subjectivity, work and learning, and circumstances in which they are played out.

International Perspectives on Teachers and Lecturers in Technical and Vocational Education

Author: Philipp Grollmann
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402057040
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book provides insight into the history and current status of teaching in technical and vocational education across a broad range of countries. It contains studies of the profiles of teachers and lecturers and their educational practices. An overarching introduction embeds the content of the book into the current global context of Technical and Vocational Education and Training. This is the first substantial volume on the topic in 30 years.

Global Perspectives on Recognising Non formal and Informal Learning

Author: Madhu Singh
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319152785
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book deals with the relevance of recognition and validation of non-formal and informal learning education and training, the workplace and society. In an increasing number of countries, it is at the top of the policy and research agenda ranking among the possible ways to redress the glaring lack of relevant academic and vocational qualifications and to promote the development of competences and certification procedures which recognise different types of learning, including formal, non-formal and informal learning. The aim of the book is therefore to present and share experience, expertise and lessons in such a way that enables its effective and immediate use across the full spectrum of country contexts, whether in the developing or developed world. It examines the importance of meeting institutional and political requirements that give genuine value to the recognition of non-formal and informal learning; it shows why recognition is important and clarifies its usefulness and the role it serves in education, working life and voluntary work; it emphasises the importance of the coordination, interests, motivations, trust and acceptance by all stakeholders. The volume is also premised on an understanding of a learning society, in which all social and cultural groups, irrespective of gender, race, social class, ethnicity, mental health difficulties are entitled to quality learning throughout their lives. Overall the thrust is to see the importance of recognising non-formal and informal learning as part of the larger movement for re-directing education and training for change. This change is one that builds on an equitable society and economy and on sustainable development principles and values such as respect for others, respect for difference and diversity, exploration and dialogue.

Education and Skills for Inclusive Growth Green Jobs and the Greening of Economies in Asia

Author: Rupert Maclean
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811065594
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book presents an overview of the main research findings and case studies concerning education and skills for inclusive growth, green jobs and the greening of economies. Focusing on India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam, it discusses government and business sector responses to these issues and how Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET) systems and institutions are addressing both the renewal of curricula in the context of green growth dynamics, and patterns of training and skills development to meet demands. In addition, the book examines cross-country issues, concerns and prospects regarding education and skills for inclusive growth and green jobs for the four countries. These include critical themes and issues in the selected industry sectors triggering a demand for green jobs in the region; how industry is responding to those demands; areas impeding the transition from traditional to green practices; the importance of skills development; the role of TVET in addressing industry needs; and reasons for the slow response of TVET to green skills.While other studies conducted in Asia – and internationally - on the same topic have largely relied on secondary sources, this study conducted by the Asian Development Bank and the Education University of Hong Kong (ADB-EdUHK) is unique in that the findings, conclusions and recommendations reported on are based on primary data. As part of the study, TVET providers, business enterprises, policy makers and practitioners were surveyed using questionnaires and face-to-face interviews. In addition, workshops were held in each of the four countries to ascertain the views of key stakeholders in government, nongovernment organisations, members of the international development community, TVET providers and members of the business sector.The book also provides summaries of the case studies undertaken for India, Indonesia, Sri Lanka and Viet Nam. This book is open access under a CC BY license

International Handbook of Education for the Changing World of Work

Author: Rupert Maclean
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402052812
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This six-volume handbook covers the latest practice in technical and vocational education and training (TVET). It presents TVET models from all over the world, reflections on the best and most innovative practice, and dozens of telling case studies. The handbook presents the work of established as well as the most promising young researchers and features unrivalled coverage of developments in research, policy and practice in TVET.

Enterprise Promotion and Vocational Training for Nigeria s Informal Sector Economy

Author: Hans H. Bass
Publisher: Lit Verlag
ISBN: 9783825821494
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Small enterprises, most of them operating informally, are Nigeria's most important providers of employment. Nevertheless, they have to face many disadvantages in their business activities. A conducive policy environment would be necessary to overcome the difficulties of small enterprises and take advantage of their various positive features. Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAP) promised to enhance the opportunities of the small enterprise sector. Why were these hopes not fulfilled? What are the actual effects of SAP's prominent instruments on the small enterprise sector? Which is the framework for small enterprise promotion after the implementation of SAP? The book addresses these questions and deals with institutional arrangements and promotional projects, focusing on skills acquisition as a bottleneck for employment generation. Of particular interest is the Nigerian Open Apprenticeship Scheme NOAS, which originated in the desire to alleviate the social and labour market problems of SAP. One of the scheme's important features - and almost unique in the developing world - is its combination of in-firm training with schooling. Can this project be further enhanced by learning from the German vocational training system, where a similar approach is considered to be responsible for its successful performance? The book also offers information on other aspects of development co-operation between German agencies and Nigerian counterparts in the field of small-enterprise promotion: The Friedrich Ebert Foundation gives an overview of its various activities to promote SSE performance in Nigeria, and an evaluation of a German-Nigerian Vocational Training Project provides one of only a few published first-hand insights into the practical problems of co-operation on the project level.