Translation and Its Regulation in Cancer Biology and Medicine

Author: Armen Parsyan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401790787
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book, for the first time, comprehensively assembles and analyzes a large body of information on the role of the fundamental mechanism of the protein biosynthesis pathway, translation, in cancer biology. It systematically explores the function of the translation machinery and its regulation, including cell signaling, in the development, maintenance and progression of human cancer. The work presented here unveils the tremendous potential and applications of this vast and exciting branch of genetic, biochemical and molecular science in cancer medicine and drug development. Chapters contributed by experts in the field take the reader on a journey that starts with a dissection of the translation machinery and its regulation in norm and cancer. Later chapters characterize etiological and pathogenetic roles that translation plays in specific cancer types. Various aspects of diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic significance of the translation machinery and its control in cancer are discussed. Readers will discover the importance of the process of translation and its regulatory mechanisms in physiology and cancer biology. The chapters and the numerous illustrations included here were contributed by expert scientists and clinicians from renowned academic and clinical establishments in Canada, the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Belgium, Spain, Germany and Australia. The book conveys information and knowledge that may interest a broad range of students and scholars ranging from basic scientists to clinicians and drug developers seeking to better understand the protein synthesis and its aberrations in cancer biology and cancer medicine.

Translational Control in Biology and Medicine

Author: Michael Mathews
Publisher: CSHL Press
ISBN: 0879697679
Format: PDF, Docs
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Updated and broadened 3rd edition. Since the last edition was published, the structures of the bacterial and eukaryotic ribosomes have been published, adding substantially to our knowledge of the basic mechanisms of translation. Understanding of how translation is regulated, by both protein and RNA regulators, has also advanced considerable. In addition, the current manifesttion of this volume has a significant focus on the role of translational control in human development and disease.

Cell Death Signaling in Cancer Biology and Treatment

Author: Daniel Johnson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461458471
Format: PDF, ePub
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A key goal in the treatment of cancer is to achieve selective and efficient killing of tumor cells. The aim of Cell Death Signaling in Cancer Biology and Treatment is to describe state-of-the-art approaches and future opportunities for achieving this goal by targeting mechanisms and pathways that regulate cancer cell death. In this book, molecular defects in cell death signaling that characterize cancer cells, including dysregulation of cell death due to overexpression/hyperactivation of oncoproteins, as well as the loss of tumor suppressor proteins will be described. The potential for targeting microRNAs will be discussed. Multiple chapters will describe preclinical and clinical approaches that are currently being used to target epigenetic modifications, DNA repair pathways, and protein chaperones, as a means of provoking tumor cell death. Finally, the development and application of novel agents and approaches for targeting specific components of cell death signaling pathways and machinery will be reviewed.

Therapeutic Strategies in Cancer Biology and Pathology

Author: Gajanan V. Sherbet
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0124165907
Format: PDF
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Currently, intensive effort is being directed toward the identification of molecular targets that can provide approaches to the development of novel therapeutic strategies in cancer management. This book focuses on metastasis-associated genes, metastasis promoter and suppressor genes, which relate specifically to behavioral alterations of cancer cells in epithelial mesenchymal transition, cancer stem cell maintenance and propagation, and to the acquisition of invasive and metastasis faculty. The function of these genes has implications for cell cycle regulation and cell proliferation and so constitute an essential element in cancer growth and dissemination. The emphasis in this book is on how appropriate these genes are as molecular targets and how practicable are the constituents of their signal transduction systems as potential candidates and how accessible they are to targeted therapy. Written in a straightforward and clear style with background information supporting the new research, this book will be useful for students and researchers in cancer therapies. Identifies molecular targets and their accessibility for therapeutic intervention Provides information on biological features of tumor development and dissemination Background information provided for each topic

Protein Synthesis and Translational Control

Author: John W. B. Hershey
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781936113460
Format: PDF
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The synthesis of proteins by ribosomes is a fundamental cellular process. Cells must tightly control protein synthesis to maintain homeostasis and regulate proliferation, growth, differentiation, and development. Indeed, aberrant translational control is associated with cancer, several neurologic syndromes, and genetic disorders including "ribosomopathies." Written and edited by experts in the field, this collection from Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology covers our current understanding of protein synthesis and its control, from the genomic level to single- molecule analysis and single-cell imaging. The contributors describe the fundamental steps in protein synthesis (initiation, elongation, and termination), the factors involved, and high- resolution structures of the translational machinery. They review the targets of translational control (e.g., initiation factors and mRNAs) and how signaling pathways modulate this machinery. The roles of the endoplasmic reticulum, the unfolded protein response, processing bodies (P-bodies), stress granules, and small RNAs (including microRNAs) are also covered. This volume includes discussion of translational deregulation in cancer and the development of therapeutic agents that target translation initiation. Thus, it is an essential reference for cell and molecular biologists, as well as developmental and neurobiologists, oncologists, virologists, and all those investigating human diseases associated with translation dysfunction.

The Long and Short Non coding RNAs in Cancer Biology

Author: Erwei Song
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811014981
Format: PDF, ePub
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The book conveys a comprehensive knowledge of long and short ncRNAs in cancer regulation and their potentials as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Topics covered include the molecular mechanisms of various classes of ncRNAs (with emphasis on long non-coding RNAs and microRNAs) in cancer, the functional roles of ncRNAs in regulating different cancer hallmarks (including proliferation, apoptosis, stem-cell properties, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, metabolism, angiogenesis, tumor-host interactions and therapeutic resistance), the role of ncRNAs in regulating cancer signaling circuitry programs (highlighting their involvement in c-myc, p53 and NFkB signaling), a systemic summary of clinical and preclinical studies that evaluate the potential of ncRNA signatures for cancer diagnosis and prognosis and strategies to delivery short ncRNAs as therapeutic molecules for cancer treatment. This book may serve as a comprehensive resource for researchers, graduate students and oncologists in ncRNA and cancer research and help drug development by identifying ncRNA targets.

Genomic Medicine

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. Science and Technology Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108444500
Format: PDF, ePub
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Volume 1 Report also available (ISBN 9780108444517). Genomic medicine has developed from the sequencing of the human genome

Cancer Theranostics

Author: Xiaoyuan Chen
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0124078842
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Aiding researchers seeking to eliminate multi-step procedures, reduce delays in treatment and ease patient care, Cancer Theranostics reviews, assesses, and makes pertinent clinical recommendations on the integration of comprehensive in vitro diagnostics, in vivo molecular imaging, and individualized treatments towards the personalization of cancer treatment. Cancer Theranostics describes the identification of novel biomarkers to advance molecular diagnostics of cancer. The book encompasses new molecular imaging probes and techniques for early detection of cancer, and describes molecular imaging-guided cancer therapy. Discussion also includes nanoplatforms incorporating both cancer imaging and therapeutic components, as well as clinical translation and future perspectives. Supports elimination of multi-step approaches and reduces delays in treatments through combinatorial diagnosis and therapy Fully assesses cancer theranostics across the emergent field, with discussion of biomarkers, molecular imaging, imaging guided therapy, nanotechnology, and personalized medicine Content bridges laboratory, clinic, and biotechnology industries to advance biomedical science and improve patient management

Cell Biology

Author: Maika G. Mitchell
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128018763
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Cell Biology: Translational Impact in Cancer Biology and Bioinformatics provides insight into the implications for cell cycle regulation and cell proliferation in cancer growth and dissemination. Offering guidance for techniques and tools to help with diagnosis, this publication provides users with a broad view of this research area, and is also useful for both early and experienced researchers across cell biology, cancer research, molecular biology, and in clinical and translational science. Offers insight into how cell cycle and cell division relates to cancer biology Emphasizes flow cytometry and other cell biology techniques for diagnosis Includes recommendations for integration and analyzation of molecular and clinical data