Translation and Its Regulation in Cancer Biology and Medicine

Author: Armen Parsyan
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9401790787
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book, for the first time, comprehensively assembles and analyzes a large body of information on the role of the fundamental mechanism of the protein biosynthesis pathway, translation, in cancer biology. It systematically explores the function of the translation machinery and its regulation, including cell signaling, in the development, maintenance and progression of human cancer. The work presented here unveils the tremendous potential and applications of this vast and exciting branch of genetic, biochemical and molecular science in cancer medicine and drug development. Chapters contributed by experts in the field take the reader on a journey that starts with a dissection of the translation machinery and its regulation in norm and cancer. Later chapters characterize etiological and pathogenetic roles that translation plays in specific cancer types. Various aspects of diagnostic, prognostic and therapeutic significance of the translation machinery and its control in cancer are discussed. Readers will discover the importance of the process of translation and its regulatory mechanisms in physiology and cancer biology. The chapters and the numerous illustrations included here were contributed by expert scientists and clinicians from renowned academic and clinical establishments in Canada, the United States of America, the United Kingdom, Italy, France, Belgium, Spain, Germany and Australia. The book conveys information and knowledge that may interest a broad range of students and scholars ranging from basic scientists to clinicians and drug developers seeking to better understand the protein synthesis and its aberrations in cancer biology and cancer medicine.

Translational Control in Biology and Medicine

Author: Michael Mathews
Publisher: CSHL Press
ISBN: 0879697679
Format: PDF, ePub
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Updated and broadened 3rd edition. Since the last edition was published, the structures of the bacterial and eukaryotic ribosomes have been published, adding substantially to our knowledge of the basic mechanisms of translation. Understanding of how translation is regulated, by both protein and RNA regulators, has also advanced considerable. In addition, the current manifesttion of this volume has a significant focus on the role of translational control in human development and disease.

Murray Nadel s Textbook of Respiratory Medicine E Book

Author: Robert C Mason
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0323261930
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Ideal for fellows and practicing pulmonologists who need an authoritative, comprehensive reference on all aspects of pulmonary medicine, Murray and Nadel’s Textbook of Respiratory Medicine offers the most definitive content on basic science, diagnosis, evaluation and treatment of the full spectrum of respiratory diseases. Full-color design enhances teaching points and highlights challenging concepts. Understand clinical applications and the scientific principles of respiratory medicine. Detailed explanations of each disease entity allow you to work through differential diagnoses. Key Points and Key Reading sections highlight the most useful references and resources for each chapter. An expanded sleep section now covers four chapters and includes control of breathing, consequences of sleep disruption, as well as obstructive and central apnea. New chapters in the Critical Care section cover Noninvasive Ventilation (NIV) and Extracorporeal Support of Gas Exchange (ECMO). New chapters focusing on diagnostic techniques now include Invasive Diagnostic Imaging and Image-Guided Interventions and Positron Emission Tomography, and a new chapter on Therapeutic Bronchoscopy highlights the interventional role of pulmonologists.

mTOR Inhibition for Cancer Therapy Past Present and Future

Author: Monica Mita
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 2817804929
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book describes the challenges involved in developing mTOR inhibitors for cancer treatment, starting with an in-depth examination of their molecular mechanism of action, with emphasis on the class side-effects, efficacy and mechanisms of resistance, as well as on promising novel directions for their development, including novel compounds and rational combinations with other anti-neoplastic drugs. Over the last 10 years, inhibitors of mTOR have emerged as a major class of anticancer drugs. Two rapamycin analogs are currently approved for the treatment of renal cell carcinoma, and it is estimated that a variety of other tumor types could benefit from mTOR inhibition, with numerous clinical trials (including pivotal registration trials) already underway. Second-generation small-molecule inhibitors of the pathway have also shown promise in terms of their superior tolerability and efficacy and are undergoing extensive clinical evaluation, with an estimated 30+ compounds currently under evaluation.

The Long and Short Non coding RNAs in Cancer Biology

Author: Erwei Song
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811014981
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The book conveys a comprehensive knowledge of long and short ncRNAs in cancer regulation and their potentials as diagnostic biomarkers and therapeutic targets. Topics covered include the molecular mechanisms of various classes of ncRNAs (with emphasis on long non-coding RNAs and microRNAs) in cancer, the functional roles of ncRNAs in regulating different cancer hallmarks (including proliferation, apoptosis, stem-cell properties, epithelial-mesenchymal transition, metabolism, angiogenesis, tumor-host interactions and therapeutic resistance), the role of ncRNAs in regulating cancer signaling circuitry programs (highlighting their involvement in c-myc, p53 and NFkB signaling), a systemic summary of clinical and preclinical studies that evaluate the potential of ncRNA signatures for cancer diagnosis and prognosis and strategies to delivery short ncRNAs as therapeutic molecules for cancer treatment. This book may serve as a comprehensive resource for researchers, graduate students and oncologists in ncRNA and cancer research and help drug development by identifying ncRNA targets.

Genomic Medicine

Author: Great Britain. Parliament. House of Lords. Science and Technology Committee
Publisher: The Stationery Office
ISBN: 9780108444500
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Volume 1 Report also available (ISBN 9780108444517). Genomic medicine has developed from the sequencing of the human genome

Cancer Biology

Author: Raymond W. Ruddon
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195175433
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The fourth edition of this classic text provides a thorough, yet concise review of the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in the transformation of normal into malignant cells, the invasiveness of cancer cells into host tissues, and the metastatic spread of cancer cells in the host organism. It defines the fundamental pathophysiologic changes that occur in tumor tissue and in the host animal or patient. Each chapter discusses the historical development of a field, citing the key experimental advances to the present day, and evaluates the current evidence that best supports or rules out concepts of the molecular and cellular mechanisms regulating cancer cell behavior. For all the areas of fundamental cancer research, an effort has been made to relate basic research findings to the clinical disease states. The book is well written and well illustrated, with schematic diagrams and actual research data to demonstrate points made in the text. There is also an extensive, up-to-date bibliography, making the book valuable to scientists, and to physicians, students, and nurses interested in the field of cancer biology. The topics covered include pathologic characterization of human tumors, epidemiology of human cancer, regulation of cell proliferation and differentiation, cellular and molecular phenotypic characteristics of the cancer cell, mechanisms of carcinogenesis, tumor initiation and promotion, viral carcinogenesis, oncogenes and oncogene products, growth factors, chromosomal alterations in cancer, mechanisms of tumor metastasis, host-tumor interactions, fundamental aspects of tumor immunology, and the advances in cancer cell biology that will lead to improved diagnosis and treatment of cancer in the future.

Cell Death Signaling in Cancer Biology and Treatment

Author: Daniel Johnson
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461458471
Format: PDF, ePub
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A key goal in the treatment of cancer is to achieve selective and efficient killing of tumor cells. The aim of Cell Death Signaling in Cancer Biology and Treatment is to describe state-of-the-art approaches and future opportunities for achieving this goal by targeting mechanisms and pathways that regulate cancer cell death. In this book, molecular defects in cell death signaling that characterize cancer cells, including dysregulation of cell death due to overexpression/hyperactivation of oncoproteins, as well as the loss of tumor suppressor proteins will be described. The potential for targeting microRNAs will be discussed. Multiple chapters will describe preclinical and clinical approaches that are currently being used to target epigenetic modifications, DNA repair pathways, and protein chaperones, as a means of provoking tumor cell death. Finally, the development and application of novel agents and approaches for targeting specific components of cell death signaling pathways and machinery will be reviewed.

Molecular Biology of Cancer Translation to the Clinic

Author:
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780123850720
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Advances in molecular biology over the last several decades are being steadily applied to our understanding of the molecular biology of cancer, and these advances in knowledge are being translated into the clinical practice of oncology. This volume explores some of the most exciting recent advances in basic research on the molecular biology of cancer and how this knowledge is leading to advances in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cancer. * This series provides a forum for discussion of new discoveries, approaches, and ideas * Contributions from leading scholars and industry experts * Reference guide for researchers involved in molecular biology and related fields