Transport Investment and Economic Development

Author: David Banister
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135802718
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A major concern of all decision makers has been to ensure that there are clear benefits from transport investment proposals. The travel time savings are clear, but the wider economic developments have presented enormous difficulty in terms of both theoretical arguments and empirical evidence. This book reviews the history of the debate and argues that the agenda has changed. These issues are presented together with a major analytical investigation of macroeconomic models, evaluation in transport and microeconomic approaches. The final part of the book presents a series of case studies for road, rail and airport investment schemes, particularly focusing on the economic development aspects.

Transportation and Economic Development Challenges

Author: Kenneth Button
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 085793063X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Recent years have seen considerable changes in the technology of transportation with the development of high-speed rail networks, more fuelefficient automobiles and aircraft, and the widespread adoption of informatics in disciplines such as traffic management and supply chain logistics. The contributions to this volume assess transportation interactions with employment and income, examine some of the policies that have been deployed to maximize the economic and social impacts of transportation provision at the local and regional levels and analyze how advances in transportation technologies have, and will, impact future development. Due in part to the general liberalization of markets, there have been major changes in the institutional environment in which transportation is supplied; these changes inevitably affect wider economic systems and development, although in turn these changes feed back upon transportation networks. The contributors to this work develop these and other themes, from a variety of perspectives, implementing a wide range of academic approaches into their analyses. Stemming from initiatives of the Network on European Communications and Transport Activities Research (NECTAR), Transportation and Economic Development Challenges presents a body of research that exemplifies the organization's objective of fostering research collaboration around the world.

Current Practices for Assessing Economic Development Impacts from Transportation Investments

Author: Glen Weisbrod
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISBN: 9780309068734
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This synthesis report will be of interest to DOT administrators, supervisors, and staff, as well as to the consultants working with them in assessing the economic development impacts of existing or proposed transportation investments. Metropolitan Planning Organization regional and local staffs might also find it informative. It is intended to help practicing planners become aware of the range of methods and analysis techniques available, organized by the different categories of agency needs, to address different types of planning, policy, and research needs. This synthesis summarizes the current state of the practice by means of a survey of transportation planning agencies in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. This report provides reviews of the analysis methods used in recent project and program evaluation reports of these agencies, in addition to a bibliography of economic literature and guides.

ECMT Round Tables Transport and Economic Development

Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9282112977
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The linkage between transport and economic development is a highly contentious issue which has generated considerable debate. This Round Table set out to clarify this issue by analysing the arguments for and against the presumed linkage between "transport infrastructure" and "economic development".

Transport Trade and Economic Growth Coupled or Decoupled

Author: BMW Group
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3540682996
Format: PDF
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This book combines approaches from economics as well as business administration to stimulate scientific discourse and support decision-makers. The first part of the book examines the relationship between transport and economic growth, and specifically, whether "decoupling" of transport and economic growth appears possible. Previously unavailable regional data for Italy and Germany were collected and analyzed. The results indicate that transport makes an important contribution to economic growth.

Transportation and Economic Development 1990

Author:
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
ISBN: 9780309050241
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Transportation Research Record 1274 is divided into 6 sections: Section 1-Economic Impact Methodology; Section 2-Modeling impacts of Transportation Investments; Section 3-Economic Impacts of Modal Investment; Section 4-Rural and Agricultural Impacts of Transportation Investments; Section 5-Case Studies of Modal Investment Impacts; Section 6-State Planning Issues in Transportation Investments for Economic Enhancement. Section 1 contains the following papers: Putting transportation and economic development into perspective; Role of transportation in manufacturers' satisfaction with location; Comprehensive framework for highway economic impact assessment: Methods and results; Methodology for assessing local land use impacts of highways; Framework for classifying and evaluating economic impacts caused by a transportation improvement; Bottlenecks and flexibility: Key concepts for identifying economic development impacts of transportation services. Section 2 contains the following papers: System dynamics modeling of development induced by transportation investment; Economic development impact of airports: A cross-sectional analysis of consumer surplus; Hybrid approach to estimating economic impacts using the regional input-output modeling system (RIMS II); Using risk assessment for aviation demand and economic impact forecasting in the Minneapolis-St. Paul Region; Transport in the Input-Output system. Section 3 contains the following papers: Highway stock and private- sector productivity; Airports and economic development: An overview; Economic impacts of improving general aviation airports; Economic impacts of transit on cities; Framework for analyzing the impact of fixed-guideway transit projects on land use and urban development; Distributional effects of state highway investment on local and regional development. Section 4 contains the following papers: Methodological review of analyses of rural transportation impacts in developing countries; Relationships between social and economic development and access to rural roads in developing countries; Transportation issues for agroindustrial project preparation and development; Transaction costs approach for estimating development benefits of rural feeder roads; Transportation and economic development in Botswana: A case study. Section 5 contains the following papers: Economic impacts of aviation on North Central Texas; Transportation factors as catalysts for international trade development, case study: East Boston, Massachusetts; Rail line abandonment and public acquisition impacts on econmic development. Section 6 contains the following papers: Role of non-interstate highway transportation in enhancing economic development in Iowa; Economic impact of Wisconsin's Transportation Economic Assistance Program; Overview of methodology; Conference summary.

The Evaluation of Transportation Investment Projects

Author: Joseph Berechman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135214077
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Throughout the world, the use of some kind of a formal transportation project evaluation procedure is a requirement. Yet, by and large, these are partial; in fact, much weight is often placed on the initial -pre-engineering -phases of the planning process, when vital information, such as accurate costs and demand projections, is largely missing. Moreover, many of these procedures neglect to consider key issues such as project’s risks, capital costs financing, latent demand, market imperfections, labor force availability and various incompatibilities between trip rates, travel times and activity location. As a result, projects, which are judged as viable under such deficient evaluation schemes, may have had a significantly different projection of capital costs and demand should a well-founded, thorough, and efficient evaluation process be used. Against this background, this book’s main objective is to construct a comprehensive and methodical economic, planning and decision-making framework for the evaluation of proposed transportation infrastructure investment projects. Such a framework is founded on four key principles. It is based on well-established economic, transportation and policy-analysis theoretical principles; it is comprehensive enough to encompass all relevant evaluation issues; it is applicable to a wide range of transportation investment projects; and it is amenable to empirical application including a sensitivity analysis and alternative scenarios regarding urban, regional and national developments.