Transport Modeling for Environmental Engineers and Scientists

Author: Mark M. Clark
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118210867
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Transport Modeling for Environmental Engineers and Scientists, Second Edition, builds on integrated transport courses in chemical engineering curricula, demonstrating the underlying unity of mass and momentum transport processes. It describes how these processes underlie the mechanics common to both pollutant transport and pollution control processes.

Modeling Tools for Environmental Engineers and Scientists

Author: Nirmala Khandan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420003399
Format: PDF, Docs
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Modeling Tools for Environmental Engineers and Scientists enables environmental professionals, faculty, and students with minimal computer programming skills to develop computer-based mathematical models for natural and engineered environmental systems. The author illustrates how commercially available syntax-free authoring software can be adapted to create customized, high-level models of environmental phenomena in groundwater, soil, aquatic, and atmospheric systems, and in engineered reactors. This book includes a review of mathematical modeling and fundamental concepts such as material balance, reactor configurations, and fate and transport of environmental contaminants. It illustrates, using numerous examples, how mathematical and dynamic modeling software can be applied in analyzing and simulating natural and engineered environmental systems. The tools and examples included are applicable to a wide range of problems, both in the classroom and in the field.

The Handbook of Groundwater Engineering Third Edition

Author: John H. Cushman
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1498703054
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This new edition adds several new chapters and is thoroughly updated to include data on new topics such as hydraulic fracturing, CO2 sequestration, sustainable groundwater management, and more. Providing a complete treatment of the theory and practice of groundwater engineering, this new handbook also presents a current and detailed review of how to model the flow of water and the transport of contaminants both in the unsaturated and saturated zones, covers the protection of groundwater, and the remediation of contaminated groundwater.

Environmental Transport Processes

Author: Bruce E. Logan
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9780471188711
Format: PDF
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A highly-accessible introduction to mass transfer problems in environmental engineering and science. Chemical transport processes in environmental systems are exceptionally complex and notoriously difficult to model. Unlike equations derived for homogenous, well-defined environments in chemical production, for example, equations derived for environmental systems rely upon calculations made for highly heterogeneous, often poorly defined environments consisting of a great many phases and chemicals. Unfortunately, texts on chemical transport usually focus on problems related to chemical process engineering, making it exceedingly difficult for environmental engineers to model processes in natural and engineered systems. This book provides practicing engineers and graduate students with a clear, comprehensive introduction to transport processes in environmental systems. Structured to suit a one-semester, introductory course on the subject, it begins with the basics of molecular diffusion and chemical partitioning and then progresses to more advanced topics including dispersion, particle transport, fractals, and biofilms. Throughout, the author places an equal emphasis on both engineered and natural systems. Each chapter draws on realistic examples and problems to reinforce important concepts. Environmental Transport Processes is an ideal first textbook for environmental engineering students who have never studied mass transport, as well as undergraduate and graduate chemical engineering students with little or no experience in environmental topics. It is also a valuable working resource for professionals in those fields, and all researchers interested in transport processes.

Elements of Environmental Engineering

Author: Kalliat T. Valsaraj
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420078194
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Revised, updated, and rewritten where necessary, but keeping the clear writing and organizational style that made previous editions so popular, Elements of Environmental Engineering: Thermodynamics and Kinetics, Third Edition contains new problems and new examples that better illustrate theory. The new edition contains examples with practical flavor such as global warming, ozone layer depletion, nanotechnology, green chemistry, and green engineering. With detailed theoretical discussion and principles illuminated by numerical examples, this book fills the gaps in coverage of the principles and applications of kinetics and thermodynamics in environmental engineering and science. New topics covered include: Green Chemistry and Engineering Biological Processes Life Cycle Analysis Global Climate Change The author discusses the applications of thermodynamics and kinetics and delineates the distribution of pollutants and the interrelationships between them. His demonstration of the theoretical foundations of chemical property estimations gives students an in depth understanding of the limitations of thermodynamics and kinetics as applied to environmental fate and transport modeling and separation processes for waste treatment. His treatment of the material underlines the multidisciplinary nature of environmental engineering. This book is unusual in environmental engineering since it deals exclusively with the applications of chemical thermodynamics and kinetics in environmental processes. The book’s multimedia approach to fate and transport modeling and in pollution control design options provides a science and engineering treatment of environmental problems.

Water Quality Engineering

Author: Mark M. Benjamin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118632273
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Explains the fundamental theory and mathematics of water and wastewater treatment processes By carefully explaining both the underlying theory and the underlying mathematics, this text enables readers to fully grasp the fundamentals of physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. Throughout the book, the authors use detailed examples to illustrate real-world challenges and their solutions, including step-by-step mathematical calculations. Each chapter ends with a set of problems that enable readers to put their knowledge into practice by developing and analyzing complex processes for the removal of soluble and particulate materials in order to ensure the safety of our water supplies. Designed to give readers a deep understanding of how water treatment processes actually work, Water Quality Engineering explores: Application of mass balances in continuous flow systems, enabling readers to understand and predict changes in water quality Processes for removing soluble contaminants from water, including treatment of municipal and industrial wastes Processes for removing particulate materials from water Membrane processes to remove both soluble and particulate materials Following the discussion of mass balances in continuous flow systems in the first part of the book, the authors explain and analyze water treatment processes in subsequent chapters by setting forth the relevant mass balance for the process, reactor geometry, and flow pattern under consideration. With its many examples and problem sets, Water Quality Engineering is recommended as a textbook for graduate courses in physical and chemical treatment processes for water and wastewater. By drawing together the most recent research findings and industry practices, this text is also recommended for professional environmental engineers in search of a contemporary perspective on water and wastewater treatment processes.

Earth Structures

Author: Ivan Vanicek
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1402039646
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Soil represents the oldest and most-used building material, yet up to now the subject of earthen structures has not been fully addressed. This book describes the principles of soil as construction material including its treatment using geosynthetics and stabilization. The book focuses on the principles, logic of processes, understanding of the most important problems, so that all participants in the construction project can build earth structures more safely and economically.

Environmental modeling

Author: Jerald L. Schnoor
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 9780471124368
Format: PDF, ePub
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A comprehensive, thoroughly modern approach to environmental quality assessment The only textbook to combine engineering transport fundamentals and equilibrium aquatic chemistry, Environmental Modeling brings a uniquely contemporary perspective to the assessment of environmental quality. Addressing key questions about fate, transport, and long-term effects of chemical pollutants in the environment, this inherently practical text gives readers the important tools they need to develop and solve their own mathematical models. Contains detailed examples from a wide range of crucial water quality areas-conventional pollutants in rivers, eutrophication of lakes, and toxic organic chemicals and heavy metals in both surface and groundwaters Examines current global issues, including atmospheric deposition, hazardous wastes, soil pollution, global change, and more Features over 200 high-quality illustrations, plus skill-building problems in every chapter Fresh in approach and broad in scope, Environmental Modeling is must reading for today's graduate and advanced undergraduate students in environmental sciences and engineering-a rich, invaluable, and superlative new resource.

Environmental Hydraulics

Author: Ioannis Tsanis
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080467962
Format: PDF, Docs
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Hydrodynamic and pollutant transport models are useful tools for evaluating remediation options for polluted water bodies. These models span the range from highly theoretical, fine resolution, physically-based designs to lumped, black-box representations of real world phenomena. This book examines the numerical approaches used in hydrodynamic and pollutant transport modeling. First, the theory and physical basis of transport and mixing in lakes and coastal waters are provided. Methodologies that use a three-dimensional (3D) approach to predicting the fate and transport of pollutants are presented and this is followed by a presentation of alternatives to 3D circulation modeling as well as new advances in the field. These alternatives offer near 3D accuracy but without the computational burden. Illustrations of the calibration and verification of these models using laboratory data, as well as, field data are also provided. The models are applied to a diverse array of study sites ranging from The Great Lakes in North America to the coastal areas of Northern Crete. * Presents the theory of hydrodynamic and pollutant transport modelling in lakes and coastal areas * Thoroughly examines the issues and limitations of the numerical approaches used in hydrodynamic and pollutant transport modelling * Demonstrates the calibration and verification of hydrodynamic and pollutant transport models using laboratory and field data

Electrokinetics for Petroleum and Environmental Engineers

Author: George V. Chilingar
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1118842839
Format: PDF, Docs
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Electrokinetics is a term applied to a group of physicochemical phenomena involving the transport of charges, action of charged particles, effects of applied electric potential and fluid transport in various porous media to allow for a desired migration or flow to be achieved. These phenomena include electrokinetics, electroosmosis, ion migration, electrophoresis, streaming potential and electroviscosity. These phenomena are closely related and all contribute to the transport and migration of different ionic species and chemicals in porous media. The physicochemical and electrochemical properties of a porous medium and the pore fluid, and the magnitudes of the applied electrical potential all impact the direction and velocity of the fluid flow. Also, an electrical potential is generated upon the forced passage of fluid carrying charged particles through a porous medium. The use of electrokinetics in the field of petroleum and environmental engineering was groundbreaking when George Chilingar pioneered its use decades ago, but it has only been in recent years that its full potential has been studied. This is the first volume of its kind ever written, offering the petroleum or environmental engineer a practical “how to” book on using electrokinetics for more efficient and better oil recovery and recovery from difficult reservoirs. This groundbreaking volume is a must-have for any petroleum engineer working in the field, and for students and faculty in petroleum engineering departments worldwide.