Reinventing the Automobile

Author: William J. Mitchell
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262288569
Format: PDF
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This book provides a long-overdue vision for a new automobile era. The cars we drive today follow the same underlying design principles as the Model Ts of a hundred years ago and the tail-finned sedans of fifty years ago. In the twenty-first century, cars are still made for twentieth-century purposes. They are inefficient for providing personal mobility within cities -- where most of the world's people now live. In this pathbreaking book, William Mitchell and two industry experts reimagine the automobile, describing vehicles of the near future that are green, smart, connected, and fun to drive. They roll out four big ideas that will make this both feasible and timely.The fundamental reinvention of the automobile won't be easy, but it is an urgent necessity -- to make urban mobility more convenient and sustainable, to make cities more livable, and to help bring the automobile industry out of crisis.

Transport Climate Change and the City

Author: Robin Hickman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 113510803X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Sustainable mobility has long been sought after in cities around the world, particularly in industrialised countries, but also increasingly in the emerging cities in Asia. Progress however appears difficult to make as the private car, still largely fuelled by petrol or diesel, remains the mainstream mode of use. Transport is the key sector where carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions seem difficult to reduce. Transport, Climate Change and the City seeks to develop achievable and low transport CO2 emission futures in a range of international case studies, including in London, Oxfordshire, Delhi, Jinan and Auckland. The aim is that the scenarios as developed, and the consideration of implementation and governance issues, can help us plan for and achieve attractive future travel behaviours at the city level. The alternative is to continue with only incremental progress against CO2 reduction targets, to ‘sleepwalk’ into climate change difficulties, oil scarcity, a poor quality of life, and to continue with the high traffic casualty figures. The topic is thus critical, with transport viewed as central to the achievement of the sustainable city and reduced CO2 emissions.

Climate Change 2014 Mitigation of Climate Change

Author: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110705821X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This latest Fifth Assessment Report of the IPCC will again form the standard reference for all those concerned with climate change and its consequences.

Energy

Author: Richard L. Gordon
Publisher: MIT Press (MA)
ISBN: 9780262571876
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Energy: Markets and Regulation is a valuable survey of current thinking on energy economics, focusing on the regulation of energy markets. It covers nearly every aspect of the energy sector, including both international and domestic U.S. markets in oil and coal and the particular U.S. conditions in natural gas and nuclear power. It deals with resource estimation and energy supply and demand, and environmental control. Economic and institutional analysis of current problems includes an exploration of their historical background.The thirteen original contributions are dedicated to MIT economist and energy analyst M. A. Adelman. Adelman is the dean of academic economists concerned with energy markets and the effects of government regulation. All who work and teach in this area have been influenced by his ideas and insightful analysis, and many of the chapters in the book draw on and expand his earlier work.The preface by Charles P. Kindleberger and foreword by the editors outline the subject and introduce the essays. Their authors and topics are Paul R. Carpenter, Henry D. Jacoby, and Arthur W. Wright on the evolution of U.S. natural gas markets; G. Campbell Watkins on the interaction of U.S. and Canadian oil policies; Richard L. Gordon on world coal development; Martin B. Zimmerman on the problem of nuclear power in the United States; Paul W. MacAvoy on the EPA's record in controlling industrial air pollution; Robert W. Crandall and Theodore E. Keeler on public policies concerning the private auto; Philip K. Verleger, Jr. on the evolution of oil as a commodity; Jeffrey K. MacKie-Mason and Robert S. Pindyck on the theory and experience of cartels in the international minerals markets; Paul Leo Eckbo on worldwide petroleum taxation; Zenon S. Zannetos on oil tanker markets; Gordon M. Kaufman on oil and gas supply assessment; Paul G. Bradley on mineral and petroleum exploration; and Ernst R. Berndt and David 0. Wood on the influence of energy price shocks on U.S. productivity growth.Richard L. Gordon is Professor of Mineral Economics, The Pennsylvania State University; Henry D. Jacoby is Professor of Management, MIT; and Martin B. Zimmerman is Associate Professor of Economics, University of Michigan.

Global Commons Domestic Decisions

Author: Kathryn Harrison
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262014262
Format: PDF, Docs
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Comparative case studies and analyses of the influence of domestic politics on countries' climate change policies and Kyoto ratification decisions.

Clouds in the Perturbed Climate System

Author: Jost Heintzenberg
Publisher: MIT Press (MA)
ISBN: 9780262012874
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Experts consider the many roles that clouds play in the the changing climate--one of the least understood and most puzzling aspects of atmospheric science.

In Game

Author: Gordon Calleja
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 0262294540
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Digital games offer a vast range of engaging experiences, from the serene exploration of beautifully rendered landscapes to the deeply cognitive challenges presented by strategic simulations to the adrenaline rush of competitive team-based shoot-outs. Digital games enable experiences that are considerably different from a reader's engagement with literature or a moviegoer's experience of a movie. In In-Game, Gordon Calleja examines what exactly it is that makes digital games so uniquely involving and offers a new, more precise, and game-specific formulation of this involvement. One of the most commonly yet vaguely deployed concepts in the industry and academia alike is immersion--a player's sensation of inhabiting the space represented onscreen. Overuse of this term has diminished its analytical value and confused its meaning, both in analysis and design. Rather than conceiving of immersion as a single experience, Calleja views it as blending different experiential phenomena afforded by involving gameplay. He proposes a framework (based on qualitative research) to describe these phenomena: the player involvement model. This model encompasses two constituent temporal phases--the macro, representing offline involvement, and the micro, representing moment-to-moment involvement during gameplay--as well as six dimensions of player involvement: kinesthetic, spatial, shared, narrative, affective, and ludic. The intensified and internalized experiential blend can culminate in incorporation--a concept that Calleja proposes as an alternative to the problematic immersion. Incorporation, he argues, is a more accurate metaphor, providing a robust foundation for future research and design.

Hamilton s Paradox

Author: Jonathan Rodden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521603669
Format: PDF, Mobi
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As new federations take shape and old ones are revived around the world, a difficult challenge is to create incentives for fiscal discipline. By combining theory, quantitative analysis, and historical and contemporary case studies, this book lays out the first systematic explanation of why decentralized countries have had dramatically different fiscal experiences. It provides insights into current policy debates from Latin America to the European Union, and a new perspective on a tension between the promise and peril of federalism that has characterized the literature since The Federalist Papers.