Trends and Challenges in Science and Higher Education

Author: Hugo Horta
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319209647
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book discusses the role that integrated science and higher education policies may play in further democratizing and promoting social-economic development in Latin America. It suggests that such democratizing and development may be achieved in two complementary ways: i) broadening the access to knowledge through formal learning processes of higher education, and ii) promoting the advanced qualification of people while strengthening research institutions. The book shows how this entails a complex process of policy integration, with an emphasis on human resources and institutional issues combined in processes of technical change. It discusses in detail the three main challenges that most Latin American countries face in a globalized age, based on knowledge and ever-evolving learning processes. These challenges are the need to broaden the access to higher education; to make this access more socially balanced; and to recover from a long gap in investing in knowledge production and dissemination. This book treats these issues from a variety of conceptual and methodological perspectives that present a contribution to the field of science policy and higher education studies, and inform policymakers in Latin America.

UNESCO science report

Author: UNESCO
Publisher: UNESCO Publishing
ISBN: 9231001299
Format: PDF, Docs
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There are fewer grounds today than in the past to deplore a North‑South divide in research and innovation. This is one of the key findings of the UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030. A large number of countries are now incorporating science, technology and innovation in their national development agenda, in order to make their economies less reliant on raw materials and more rooted in knowledge. Most research and development (R&D) is taking place in high-income countries, but innovation of some kind is now occurring across the full spectrum of income levels according to the first survey of manufacturing companies in 65 countries conducted by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and summarized in this report. For many lower-income countries, sustainable development has become an integral part of their national development plans for the next 10–20 years. Among higher-income countries, a firm commitment to sustainable development is often coupled with the desire to maintain competitiveness in global markets that are increasingly leaning towards ‘green’ technologies. The quest for clean energy and greater energy efficiency now figures among the research priorities of numerous countries. Written by more than 50 experts who are each covering the country or region from which they hail, the UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 provides more country-level information than ever before. The trends and developments in science, technology and innovation policy and governance between 2009 and mid-2015 described here provide essential baseline information on the concerns and priorities of countries that could orient the implementation and drive the assessment of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in the years to come.

Handbook on the Politics of Higher Education

Author: Brendan Cantwell
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1786435020
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Understanding the politics of Higher Education is becoming more important as the sector is increasingly recognised as a vital source of innovation, skills, economic prosperity, and personal wellbeing. Yet key political differences remain over such issues as who should pay for higher education, how should it be accountable, and how we measure its quality and productivity. Particularly, are states or markets the key in helping to address such matters. The Handbook provides framing perspectives and perspectives, chapters on funding, governance and regulation, and pieces on the political economy of higher education and on the increased role of external stakeholders and indicators.

Latin American Economic Outlook 2012 Transforming the State for Development

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9264121714
Format: PDF, ePub
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Latin America’s solid economic performance since 2003 has created the possibility of transforming the state for development. This year’s Latin American Economic Outlook examines the reform of the state in this context and recommends that Latin American states act now to deliver better services.

The SAGE Handbook of International Higher Education

Author: Darla K. Deardorff
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1412999219
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The SAGE Handbook of International Higher Education examines the internationalization of higher education from a marginal to a core dimension of higher education worldwide. This mainstreaming of internationalization is a fascinating phenomenon: new concepts, programs, providers, and methods of delivery are emerging; impressive national and regional scholarship programs have been established; radical reforms have been undertaken to make higher education globally competitive; and mobility of students and scholars has increased around the world. This groundbreaking handbook serves as a guide to internationalization of higher education and offers new strategies for its further development and expansion in the years to come. With a decidedly global approach, this volume brings together leading experts from around the world to illustrate the increasing importance of internationalization. The text encompasses the diversity and breadth of internationalization of higher education in all its thematic facets and regional impacts.

The university as an institution today

Author: Alfonso Borrero
Publisher: Idrc
Format: PDF
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"The University as an Institution Today" interweaves the themes of history, theory & administration in probing the fundamentals of the university ideal. Its philosophy, missions, functions, objectives, structures & service to culture & professions are all rigorously examined. The result is a unique reference book that will captivate & guide its reader through the world of higher education.

Science and Technology in Armenia

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309165624
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An NRC ad hoc committee analyzed the current status and future development potential of Armenia’s science and technology base, including human and infrastructural resources and research and educational capabilities. The committee identified those fields and institutions offering promising opportunities for contributing to economic and social development, and particularly institutions having unique and important capabilities, worthy of support from international financial institutions, private investment sources, and the Armenian and U.S. governments. The scope of the study included both pure and applied research as well as education in science-related fields. The committee’s report addresses the existing capacity of state and private research institutions, higher education capabilities and trends, scientific funding sources, innovative investment models, relevant success stories, factors hindering development of the science sector, potential domestic Armenian customers for scientific results and products, and opportunities for regional scientific collaboration. An Armenian language version of the report is also available.

Latin America and the Caribbean in the World Economy 2006

Author: United Nations
Publisher: UN
ISBN: 9789211216493
Format: PDF, Docs
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The 2007 edition reviews the past year and assesses the trends in 2007. It discusses the developments in the world economy and their consequences for Latin America and the Caribbean. It contains an overview of integration and dynamism in the Asia-Pacific region and explores trade in services in the region. Furthermore, it looks at the economic integration in the region and examines the economic restructuring of the Asia-Pacific region and its impact on Latin America and the Caribbean.