Trends and Challenges in Science and Higher Education

Author: Hugo Horta
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319209647
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book discusses the role that integrated science and higher education policies may play in further democratizing and promoting social-economic development in Latin America. It suggests that such democratizing and development may be achieved in two complementary ways: i) broadening the access to knowledge through formal learning processes of higher education, and ii) promoting the advanced qualification of people while strengthening research institutions. The book shows how this entails a complex process of policy integration, with an emphasis on human resources and institutional issues combined in processes of technical change. It discusses in detail the three main challenges that most Latin American countries face in a globalized age, based on knowledge and ever-evolving learning processes. These challenges are the need to broaden the access to higher education; to make this access more socially balanced; and to recover from a long gap in investing in knowledge production and dissemination. This book treats these issues from a variety of conceptual and methodological perspectives that present a contribution to the field of science policy and higher education studies, and inform policymakers in Latin America.

UNESCO science report

Author: UNESCO
Publisher: UNESCO Publishing
ISBN: 9231001299
Format: PDF, ePub
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There are fewer grounds today than in the past to deplore a North‑South divide in research and innovation. This is one of the key findings of the UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030. A large number of countries are now incorporating science, technology and innovation in their national development agenda, in order to make their economies less reliant on raw materials and more rooted in knowledge. Most research and development (R&D) is taking place in high-income countries, but innovation of some kind is now occurring across the full spectrum of income levels according to the first survey of manufacturing companies in 65 countries conducted by the UNESCO Institute for Statistics and summarized in this report. For many lower-income countries, sustainable development has become an integral part of their national development plans for the next 10–20 years. Among higher-income countries, a firm commitment to sustainable development is often coupled with the desire to maintain competitiveness in global markets that are increasingly leaning towards ‘green’ technologies. The quest for clean energy and greater energy efficiency now figures among the research priorities of numerous countries. Written by more than 50 experts who are each covering the country or region from which they hail, the UNESCO Science Report: towards 2030 provides more country-level information than ever before. The trends and developments in science, technology and innovation policy and governance between 2009 and mid-2015 described here provide essential baseline information on the concerns and priorities of countries that could orient the implementation and drive the assessment of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development in the years to come.

Development of Higher Education in Africa

Author: Alexander W. Wiseman
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 1781906998
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume of the International Perspectives on Education and Society series investigates the challenges and prospects for higher education in Africa, especially issues of development, expansion, internationalization, equity, and divergence.

Higher Education Research and Knowledge in the Asia Pacific Region

Author: V. Meek
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 0230603165
Format: PDF, Docs
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One of the first books to focus on different national perspectives of knowledge production and research in higher education in the Asia-Pacific region, it compares, contrasts, and critically analyzes how policy in Asia-Pacific countries is furthering a supportive (or non-supportive) environment for the promotion of research within higher education.

Handbook on the Politics of Higher Education

Author: Brendan Cantwell
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 1786435020
Format: PDF, ePub
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Understanding the politics of Higher Education is becoming more important as the sector is increasingly recognised as a vital source of innovation, skills, economic prosperity, and personal wellbeing. Yet key political differences remain over such issues as who should pay for higher education, how should it be accountable, and how we measure its quality and productivity. Particularly, are states or markets the key in helping to address such matters. The Handbook provides framing perspectives and perspectives, chapters on funding, governance and regulation, and pieces on the political economy of higher education and on the increased role of external stakeholders and indicators.

Latin American Economic Outlook 2012 Transforming the State for Development

Author: OECD
Publisher: OECD Publishing
ISBN: 9789264121706
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Latin America’s solid economic performance since 2003 has created the possibility of transforming the state for development. This year’s Latin American Economic Outlook examines the reform of the state in this context and recommends that Latin American states act now to deliver better services.