Reconstructing Justice

Author: Franklin D. Strier
Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group
ISBN: 9780899305684
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Discusses and illustrates the major problems with the adversary system of criminal justice in the United States and proposes provocative solutions to them.

Defending Mohammad

Author: Robert Edward Precht
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 9780801441554
Format: PDF
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"The arrest of Mohammad Salameh, an illegal Palestinian immigrant, and three other Arab men in connection with the 1993 World Trade Center bombing set off the first major 'Muslim scare' in New York City history. It was in this atmosphere that the four defendants were indicted and stood trial for the terrorist act. I was a public defender with New York's Legal Aid Society at the time and by chance was assigned to represent the lead suspect, Salameh. The high-profile case snapped me out of my midcareer doldrums. Salameh was the ultimate underdog, and I was determined to ensure that he received a fair trial before an impartial jury. Unfortunately, the key court actors—judge, prosecutors, and defense lawyers—failed to meet this challenge. Terrorism defendants are not predestined to receive unfair trials. If we are alert to the stress factors that can undermine impartiality, we can take measures to avoid transforming the potential for injustice into the actuality of an unfair proceeding."—from the Preface This is the inside story of an epic courtroom showdown between terrorism and the American legal system. On a snowy day in February 1993, a massive car bomb nearly toppled the World Trade Center. Four Middle Eastern men were quickly arrested and charged with the crime. At the time, Robert E. Precht was a staff attorney for the Legal Aid Society Federal Defender Division in Manhattan, handling routine cases as a public defender. He was surprised to be appointed defense attorney to the chief suspect, Mohammad Salameh, and challenged as never before by the media circus that this major terrorism trial would prove to be. The events and personalities of the trial make for gripping reading, but equally compelling are Precht's observations on the forces arrayed against fair trials for accused terrorists.

Justice On Trial

Author: Uduma Igwe kalu
Publisher: AuthorHouse
ISBN: 9781477263792
Format: PDF
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The scale of justice is unjustly tipped when a young man’s twin brother is wrongfully charged for murder and later executed by the justice system of the state he lived. And it is the surviving brother’s quest for vengeance against the judge who presided over the murder case that sets the platform for courtroom legal battles between the prosecution and defense teams.

Arctic Justice

Author: Shelagh Grant
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
ISBN: 9780773529298
Format: PDF, Docs
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Although there was no Canadian law enforcement in the Eastern High Arctic in 1920 when a crazed white fur trader was killed by an Inuk, authorities put Nuqallaq and two other Baffin Island Inuit on trial. The Canadian government saw Robert Jane's death as murder; the Inuit saw it as removing a threat from their society according to custom. Nuqallaq was sentenced to ten years hard labour in Stony Mountain Penitentiary where he contracted tuberculosis. He died shortly after being returned to Pond Inlet. Shelagh Grant's Arctic Justice is a reconstruction of tragic events at the intersection of Inuit and Canadian justice and a social history of Baffin Island in the twentieth century. Combining Inuit oral testimony with archival history, Grant sheds light on the conflicting values and perceptions of two disparate cultures and shows that the Canadian government's decision was determined by fear of Inuit violence and political concerns for establishing sovereignty over the Arctic.

Trial Justice

Author: Tim Allen
Publisher: Zed Books Ltd.
ISBN: 1848137931
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The International Criminal Court (ICC) has run into serious problems with its first big case -- the situation in northern Uganda. There is no doubt that appalling crimes have occurred here. Over a million people have been forced to live in overcrowded displacement camps under the control of the Ugandan army. Joseph Kony's Lord's Resistance Army has abducted thousands, many of them children and has systematically tortured, raped, maimed and killed. Nevertheless, the ICC has confronted outright hostility from a wide range of groups, including traditional leaders, representatives of the Christian Churches and non-governmental organizations. Even the Ugandan government, which invited the court to become involved, has been expressing serious reservations. Tim Allen assesses the controversy. While recognizing the difficulties involved, he shows that much of the antipathy towards the ICC's intervention is misplaced. He also draws out important wider implications of what has happened. Criminal justice sets limits to compromise and undermines established procedures of negotiation with perpetrators of violence. Events in Uganda have far reaching implications for other war zones - and not only in Africa. Amnesties and peace talks may never be quite the same again.

Justice Behind the Iron Curtain

Author: Gabriel N. Finder
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
ISBN: 1487522681
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Justice Behind the Iron Curtain is the first work to showcase communist Poland's judicial confrontation with the legacy of the Nazi occupation and its oppressive regime.

Justice on Trial

Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 0756701228
Format: PDF, ePub
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The U.S. has made significant progress toward ensuring equal treatment under law for all citizens. But in one arena -- criminal justice -- racial inequality is growing, not receding. Our criminal laws, while facially neutral, are enforced in a massively & pervasively biased manner. The injustices of the criminal justice system threaten to render irrelevant 50 years of hard-fought civil rights progress. This policy report examines the systematically unequal treatment of black & Hispanic Americans & other minorities as compared to their similarly situated white counterparts within the criminal justice system. It reviews the effects of such unequal treatment on these groups & on the criminal justice system.

Sentencing and the Legitimacy of Trial Justice

Author: Ralph Henham
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136657436
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book discusses the under-researched relationship between sentencing and the legitimacy of punishment. It argues that there is an increasing gap between what is perceived as legitimate punishment and the sentencing decisions of the criminal courts. Drawing on a wide variety of empirical research evidence, the book explores how sentencing could be developed within a more socially-inclusive framework for the delivery of trial justice. In the international context, such developments are directly relevant to the future role of the International Criminal Court, especially its ability to deliver more coherent and inclusive trial outcomes that contribute to social reconstruction. Similarly, in the national context, these issues have a vital role to play in helping to re-position trial justice as a credible cornerstone of criminal justice governance where social diversity persists. In so doing the book should help policy-makers in appreciating the likely implications for criminal trials of ‘mainstreaming’ restorative forms of justice. Sentencing and the Legitimacy of Trial Justice firmly ties the issue of legitimacy to the relevant context for delivering ‘justice’. It suggests a need to develop the tools and methods for achieving this and offers some novel solutions to this complex problem. This book will be a valuable resource for graduate students, academics, practitioners and policy makers in the field of criminal justice as well as scholars interested in socio-legal and cross-disciplinary approaches to the analysis of criminal process and sentencing and the development of theory and comparative methodology in this area.