Troubleshooting BGP

Author: Vinit Jain
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 013443658X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The definitive guide to troubleshooting today’s complex BGP networks This is today’s best single source for the techniques you need to troubleshoot BGP issues in modern Cisco IOS, IOS XR, and NxOS environments. BGP has expanded from being an Internet routing protocol and provides a scalable control plane for a variety of technologies, including MPLS VPNs and VXLAN. Bringing together content previously spread across multiple sources, Troubleshooting BGP describes BGP functions in today’s blended service provider and enterprise environments. Two expert authors emphasize the BGP-related issues you’re most likely to encounter in real-world deployments, including problems that have caused massive network outages. They fully address convergence and scalability, as well as common concerns such as BGP slow peer, RT constraint filtering, and missing BGP routes. For each issue, key concepts are presented, along with basic configuration, detailed troubleshooting methods, and clear illustrations. Wherever appropriate, OS-specific behaviors are described and analyzed. Troubleshooting BGP is an indispensable technical resource for all consultants, system/support engineers, and operations professionals working with BGP in even the largest, most complex environments. · Quickly review the BGP protocol, configuration, and commonly used features · Master generic troubleshooting methodologies that are relevant to BGP networks · Troubleshoot BGP peering issues, flapping peers, and dynamic BGP peering · Resolve issues related to BGP route installation, path selection, or route policies · Avoid and fix convergence problems · Address platform issues such as high CPU or memory usage · Scale BGP using route reflectors, diverse paths, and other advanced features · Solve problems with BGP edge architectures, multihoming, and load balancing · Secure BGP inter-domain routing with RPKI · Mitigate DDoS attacks with RTBH and BGP Flowspec · Understand common BGP problems with MPLS Layer 3 or Layer 2 VPN services · Troubleshoot IPv6 BGP for service providers, including 6PE and 6VPE · Overcome problems with VXLAN BGP EVPN data center deployments · Fully leverage BGP High Availability features, including GR, NSR, and BFD · Use new BGP enhancements for link-state distribution or tunnel setup This book is part of the Networking Technology Series from Cisco Press, which offers networking professionals valuable information for constructing efficient networks, understanding new technologies, and building successful careers.

Troubleshooting Bgp

Author: Vinit Jain
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781587144646
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This is today's best single source for the techniques you need to troubleshoot key BGP issues for all these Cisco operating systems: Cisco IOS, IOS XR, and NxOS. Bringing together content previously spread across multiple sources and Cisco Press titles, it covers updated various BGP design implementations found in blended service providers and enterprise environments and shows exactly how to troubleshoot them. Two expert authors emphasize the BGP-related problems you're most likely to encounter in real-world deployments, including problems that have caused massive network outages in recent years. They address important troubleshooting topics such as BGP Slow-peer, RT-Constraint filtering, and BGP route missing, and offer important coverage of datacenter troubleshooting in VxLAN BGP EVPN environments. You'll also find expert coverage of scalability and convergence issues and solutions. For each feature, key concepts are presented, followed by basic configuration and detailed troubleshooting techniques, complete with illustrations. Wherever appropriate, significant platform specific behaviors are described and analyzed. Troubleshooting BGP will be an indispensable technical resource for all network consultants, system/support engineers, network operations professionals and CCNP/CCIE certification candidates working with BGP in any environment -- enterprise, service provider, or datacenter.

BGP

Author: Iljitsch van Beijnum
Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."
ISBN: 9781449390822
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Border Gateway Protocol (BGP) is the routing protocol used to exchange routing information across the Internet. It makes it possible for ISPs to connect to each other and for end-users to connect to more than one ISP. BGP is the only protocol that is designed to deal with a network of the Internet's size, and the only protocol that can deal well with having multiple connections to unrelated routing domains.This book is a guide to all aspects of BGP: the protocol, its configuration and operation in an Internet environment, and how to troubleshooting it. The book also describes how to secure BGP, and how BGP can be used as a tool in combating Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks. Although the examples throughout this book are for Cisco routers, the techniques discussed can be applied to any BGP-capable router.The topics include: Requesting an AS number and IP addresses Route filtering by remote ISPs and how to avoid this Configuring the initial BGP setup Balancing the available incoming or outgoing traffic over the available connections Securing and troubleshooting BGP BGP in larger networks: interaction with internal routing protocols, scalability issues BGP in Internet Service Provider networks The book is filled with numerous configuration examples with more complex case studies at the end of the book to strengthen your understanding. BGP is for anyone interested in creating reliable connectivity to the Internet.

BGP Design and Implementation

Author: Randy Zhang
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 1587058634
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is the eBook version of the printed book. If the print book includes a CD-ROM, this content is not included within the eBook version. Learn practical guidelines for designing and deploying a scalable BGP routing architecture Up-to-date coverage of BGP features like performance tuning, multiprotocol BGP, MPLS VPN, and multicast BGP In-depth coverage of advanced BGP topics to help design a complex BGP routing architecture Practical design tips that have been proven in the field Extensive configuration examples and case studies BGP Design and Implementation focuses on real-world problems and provides not only design solutions, but also the background on why they are appropriate and a practical overview of how they apply into a top-down design. The BGP protocol is being used in both service provider and enterprise networks. The design goals of these two groups are different, leading to different architectures being used in each environment. The title breaks out the separate goals, and resulting solutions for each group to assist the reader in further understanding different solution strategies. This book starts by identifying key features and functionality in BGP. It then delves into the topics of performance tuning, routing policy development, and architectural scalability. It progresses by examining the challenges for both the service provider and enterprise customers, and provides practical guidelines and a design framework for each. BGP Design and Implementation finishes up by closely looking at the more recent extensions to BGP through Multi-Protocol BGP for MPLS-VPN, IP Multicast, IPv6, and CLNS. Each chapter is generally organized into the following sections: Introduction, Design and Implementation Guidelines, Case Studies, and Summary.

Cisco BGP 4 Command and Configuration Handbook

Author: William R. Parkhurst
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 158705017X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Cisco BGP-4 Command and Configuration Handbook is a clear, concise, and complete source of documentation for all Cisco IOS Software BGP-4 commands. If you are preparing for the CCIE written and lab exams, this book can be used as a laboratory guide to learn the purpose and proper use of every BGP command. If you are a network designer, this book can be used as a ready reference for any BGP command." "Cisco BGP-4 Command and Configuration Handbook provides example scenarios that demonstrate the proper use of every BGP-4 command, which can be implemented using a minimum number of routers. This will enable you to learn each command without requiring an extensive and expensive lab configuration. The scenarios are presented so that the purpose and use of each command can be demonstrated without clouding the issue. Some of the examples lead you into common non-working situations in order to reinforce the understanding of the operation of the particular BGP command."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Practical BGP

Author: Russ White
Publisher: Addison-Wesley Professional
ISBN: 9780321127006
Format: PDF, Kindle
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PRACTICAL BGP""I would recommend this book to network engineers, Internet service providers, network software developers, and IT staff who need to deal with network planning and routing."""-Enke Chen, Redback Networks"Hands-on guidance for deploying and optimizing BGP networks-enterprise and ISPNow there's a practical guide to deploying and managing BGPv4 in "any "environment-from small enterprises to the largest Tier 2 and Tier 3 service providers. A team of the world's leading BGP experts brings together powerful insights into network design, configuration, and deployment with the latest version of BGP-including hands-on guidance for leveraging its key enhancements. Coverage includes- Best practices and diverse real-world scenarios for applying BGPv4- Understanding the impact of BGP design on local networks and the global Internet backbone- Building effective BGP policies: aggregation, propagation, accounting, and more- Maximizing scalability and performance in BGPv4 networks- BGP and network security, including Secure Origin BGP- Deploying BGP/MPLS Layer 3 VPNs- "Extensive troubleshooting guidance unavailable in any other book"If you're a network engineer or administrator looking to drive maximum reliability and performance from BGP-based networks, "Practical BGP "will help you get the job done-from start to finish.RUSS WHITE is a Network Protocols Deployment Engineer in Cisco Systems Routing DNA Team specializing in routing protocols. A widely recognized expert in networking, he co-chairs the IETF Routing Protocols Security working group, and co-authored Advanced IP Network Design, IS--IS for IP Networks, and Inside Cisco IOS Software Architecture.DANNY McPHERSON is a member of the Architecture Team at Arbor Networks. He has held technical leadership positions with several global ISPs, is active within the IETF, and is an acknowledged expert in Internet architecture and security. He co-authored Internet Routing Architectures, Second Edition.SRIHARI SANGLI, Senior Manager for MPLS and routing development at Procket Networks, was formerly Senior Technical Leader in Cisco's IOS Routing Protocols group. He, along with others at Cisco, coded the industry-first implementation of BGP/MPLS based Layer-3 VPN.

Cisco IOS XR Fundamentals

Author: Mobeen Tahir
Publisher: Pearson Education
ISBN: 9781587140075
Format: PDF
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Cisco IOS XR Fundamentals is a systematic, authoritative guide to configuring routers with Cisco IOS® XR, the next-generation flagship Cisco® Internet operating system. In this book, a team of Cisco experts brings together quick, authoritative, and example-rich reference information for all the commands most frequently used to configure and troubleshoot Cisco IOS XR-based routers in both service provider and enterprise environments. The authors walk you through the details of the Cisco IOS XR architecture and explain commands in the new Cisco IOS XR CLI wherever required. They present concise explanations of service provider requirements and internetwork theory, backed by proven sample configurations for IOS XR services, MPLS, multicast, system management, system security, routing, and interfaces. Cisco IOS XR Fundamentals is an indispensable resource for designing, implementing, troubleshooting, administering, or selling networks containing Cisco IOS XR–supported routers. This is the only Cisco IOS XR book that: Clearly explains how Cisco IOS XR meets the emerging requirements of both current and future networks Gives network professionals extensive information for simplifying migration and taking full advantage of Cisco IOS XR’s new power Presents detailed, tested configuration examples that network professionals can apply in their own networks Walks through using new Cisco IOS XR features and the In-Service Software Upgrade (ISSU) process to minimize downtime and cost Use Cisco IOS XR to deliver superior scalability, availability, security, and service flexibility Understand the Cisco IOS XR distributed, modular architecture Design, implement, and troubleshoot networks containing Cisco IOS XR–supported routers Configure Cisco IOS XR routing, including RIP, IS-IS, OSPF, and EIGRP Learn BGP implementation details specific to Cisco IOS XR and using RPL to influence policies Manage IP addresses and Cisco IOS XR services Secure Cisco IOS XR using standard and extended ACLs, prefix lists, and uRPF Master all facets of MPLS configuration, including LDP, L3VPN, and TE Configure PIM, IGMP, and static RP multicast Optimize networks using advanced Cisco IOS XR features, including secure domain routers Learn building blocks of Multishelf, and understand configurations and migration techniques This book is part of the Cisco Press® Fundamentals Series. Books in this series introduce networking professionals to new networking technologies, covering network topologies, sample deployment concepts, protocols, and management techniques.

IP Routing on Cisco IOS IOS XE and IOS XR

Author: Brad Edgeworth
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 0133846768
Format: PDF
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An Essential Guide to Understanding and Implementing IP Routing Protocols Cisco’s authoritative single-source guide to IP routing protocols for enterprise and service provider environments Service providers and large enterprises are converging on a common IP infrastructure that supports rapid deployment of high-value services. Demand is soaring for highly skilled IP network engineers who can implement and run these infrastructures. Now, one source combines reliable knowledge about contemporary IP routing protocols and expert hands-on guidance for using them with Cisco IOS, IOS XE, and IOS XR operating systems. After concisely reviewing the basics, three Cisco experts fully explain static routing, EIGRP, OSPF, IS-IS, and BGP routing protocols. Next, they introduce advanced routing with policies and redistribution, sophisticated BGP-based traffic engineering, and multicast. They present comprehensive coverage of IPv6, from its multicast implementation to its completely revamped address structure. Finally, they discuss advanced high availability techniques, including fast routing convergence. IP Routing on Cisco IOS, IOS XE, and IOS XR presents each protocol conceptually, with intuitive illustrations, realistic configurations, and appropriate output. To help IOS users master IOS XE and IOS XR, differences in operating systems are explicitly identified, and side-by-side feature command references are presented. All content fully aligns with [email protected], providing efficient self-study for multiple Cisco Career Certifications, including CCNA®/CCNP®/CCIE® Service Provider, CCIE Routing & Switching, Cisco IOS XR Specialist Certification, and the routing components of several additional Cisco Certifications. Brad Edgeworth, CCIE No. 31574 (R&S & SP) has been with Cisco since 2011 as Systems Engineer and Technical Leader. Formerly a network architect and consultant for various Fortune® 500 companies, his 18 years of IT experience includes extensive architectural and operational work in enterprise and service provider environments. He is a Cisco Live distinguished speaker presenting on IOS XR. Aaron Foss, CCIE No. 18761 (R&S & SP), a High Touch Engineer with the Cisco Focused Technical Support (FTS) organization, works with large service providers to troubleshoot MPLS, QoS, and IP routing issues. He has more than 15 years of experience designing, deploying, and troubleshooting IP networks. Ramiro Garza Rios, CCIE No. 15469 (R&S, SP, and Security), Senior Network Consulting Engineer with Cisco Advanced Services, plans, designs, implements, and optimizes next-generation service provider networks. Before joining Cisco in 2005, he was Network Consulting and Presales Engineer for a Cisco Gold Partner in Mexico, where he planned and deployed both enterprise and service provider networks. Foreword by Norm Dunn, Senior Product Manager, [email protected] Global Product Management, Service Provider Portfolio Understand how IOS®, IOS XE, and IOS XR operating systems compare Master IPv4 concepts, addressing structure, and subnetting Learn how routers and routing protocols work, and how connected networks and static routes behave from the router’s perspective Work with EIGRP and distance vector routing Deploy basic and advanced OSPF, including powerful techniques for organizing routing domains, path selection, and optimization Compare IS-IS with OSPF, and implement advanced IS-IS multilevel routing, optimization, and path selection Make the most of BGP and route manipulation, including IOS/IOS XE route maps and IOS XR’s highly scalable Route Policy Language Use advanced policy-based route manipulation and filtering Implement route redistribution: rules, potential problems, and solutions Leverage BGP communities, summaries, and other router conservation techniques Discover how IPv6 changes IP address and command structure Establish highly efficient multicast routing in IPv4 and IPv6 environments Systematically improve network availability and operational uptime through event driven detection and fast routing convergence

Building Data Centers with VXLAN BGP EVPN

Author: David Jansen
Publisher: Cisco Press
ISBN: 0134514920
Format: PDF, Docs
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The complete guide to building and managing next-generation data center network fabrics with VXLAN and BGP EVPN This is the only comprehensive guide and deployment reference for building flexible data center network fabrics with VXLAN and BGP EVPN technologies. Writing for experienced network professionals, three leading Cisco experts address everything from standards and protocols to functions, configurations, and operations. The authors first explain why and how data center fabrics are evolving, and introduce Cisco’s fabric journey. Next, they review key switch roles, essential data center network fabric terminology, and core concepts such as network attributes, control plane details, and the associated data plane encapsulation. Building on this foundation, they provide a deep dive into fabric semantics, efficient creation and addressing of the underlay, multi-tenancy, control and data plane interaction, forwarding flows, external interconnectivity, and service appliance deployments. You’ll find detailed tutorials, descriptions, and packet flows that can easily be adapted to accommodate customized deployments. This guide concludes with a full section on fabric management, introducing multiple opportunities to simplify, automate, and orchestrate data center network fabrics. Learn how changing data center requirements have driven the evolution to overlays, evolved control planes, and VXLAN BGP EVPN spine-leaf fabrics Discover why VXLAN BGP EVPN fabrics are so scalable, resilient, and elastic Implement enhanced unicast and multicast forwarding of tenant traffic over the VXLAN BGP EVPN fabric Build fabric underlays to efficiently transport uni- and multi-destination traffic Connect the fabric externally via Layer 3 (VRF-Lite, LISP, MPLS L3VPN) and Layer 2 (VPC) Choose your most appropriate Multi-POD, multifabric, and Data Center Interconnect (DCI) options Integrate Layer 4-7 services into the fabric, including load balancers and firewalls Manage fabrics with POAP-based day-0 provisioning, incremental day 0.5 configuration, overlay day-1 configuration, or day-2 operations