Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena

Author: Jean-Claude Diels
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080466400
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena, Second Edition serves as an introduction to the phenomena of ultra short laser pulses and describes how this technology can be used to examine problems in areas such as electromagnetism, optics, and quantum mechanics. Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena combines theoretical backgrounds and experimental techniques and will serve as a manual on designing and constructing femtosecond ("faster than electronics") systems or experiments from scratch. Beyond the simple optical system, the various sources of ultrashort pulses are presented, again with emphasis on the basic concepts and how they apply to the design of particular sources (dye lasers, solid state lasers, semiconductor lasers, fiber lasers, and sources based on frequency conversion). Provides an easy to follow guide through "faster than electronics" probing and detection methods THE manual on designing and constructing femtosecond systems and experiments Discusses essential technology for applications in micro-machining, femtochemistry, and medical imaging

Optical Technologies for Extreme Ultraviolet and Soft X ray Coherent Sources

Author: Federico Canova
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662474433
Format: PDF, Docs
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The book reviews the most recent achievements in optical technologies for XUV and X-ray coherent sources. Particular attention is given to free-electron-laser facilities, but also to other sources available at present, such as synchrotrons, high-order laser harmonics and X-ray lasers. The optical technologies relevant to each type of source are discussed. In addition, the main technologies used for photon handling and conditioning, namely multilayer mirrors, adaptive optics, crystals and gratings are explained. Experiments using coherent light received during the last decades a lot of attention for the X-ray regime. Strong efforts were taken for the realization of almost fully coherent sources, e.g. the free-electron lasers, both as independent sources in the femtosecond and attosecond regimes and as seeding sources for free-electron-lasers and X-ray gas lasers. In parallel to the development of sources, optical technologies for photon handling and conditioning of such coherent and intense X-ray beams advanced. New problems were faced for the realization of optical components of beamlines demanding to manage coherent X-ray photons, e.g. the preservation of coherence and time structure of ultra short pulses.

Ultrafast Dynamics at the Nanoscale

Author: Stefan Haacke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315340925
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Ultrafast Dynamics at the Nanoscale provides a combined experimental and theoretical insight into the molecular-level investigation of light-induced quantum processes in biological systems and nanostructured (bio)assemblies. Topics include DNA photostability and repair, photoactive proteins, biological and artificial light-harvesting systems, plasmonic nanostructures, and organic photovoltaic materials, whose common denominator is the key importance of ultrafast quantum effects at the border between the molecular scale and the nanoscale. The functionality and control of these systems have been under intense investigation in recent years in view of developing a detailed understanding of ultrafast nanoscale energy and charge transfer, as well as fostering novel technologies based on sustainable energy resources. Both experiment and theory have made big strides toward meeting the challenge of these truly complex systems. This book, thus, introduces the reader to cutting-edge developments in ultrafast nonlinear optical spectroscopies and the quantum dynamical simulation of the observed dynamics, including direct simulations of two-dimensional optical experiments. Taken together, these techniques attempt to elucidate whether the quantum coherent nature of ultrafast events enhances the efficiency of the relevant processes and where the quantum–classical boundary sets in, in these high-dimensional biological and material systems. The chapters contain well-illustrated accounts of the authors’ research work, including didactic introductory material, and address a multidisciplinary audience from chemistry, physics, biology, and materials sciences. The book is, therefore, a must-have for graduate- and postgraduate-level researchers who wish to learn about molecular nanoscience from a combined spectroscopic and theoretical viewpoint.

Laser

Author: Fritz Kurt Kneubühl
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 9783835101456
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Der fundierte Einstieg in Theorie und Anwendungen des Lasers. Das Buch enthält eine ausführliche Beschreibung und Daten aller Lasertypen mit Hinweisen auf die vielfältigen Anwendungen, die von der Materialbearbeitung, Holographie, Spektroskopie bis zur Medizin reichen. Neben den klassischen Lasern wie Rubin- oder CO2-Laser werden in dieser Neuauflage auch aktuelle Entwicklungen wie z.B. Quantenkaskadenlaser, Dioden-gepumpte Festkörperlaser und Femtosekundenlaser behandelt.Die 7. Auflage wurde in wesentlichen Teilen überarbeitet und ergänzt. Insbesondere die technischen Aspekte wurden auf den neuesten Stand gebracht.

Undersea Fiber Communication Systems

Author: Jose Chesnoy
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080492377
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Description This book provides a detailed overview of the evolution of undersea communications systems, with emphasis on the most recent breakthroughs of optical submarine cable technologies based upon Wavelength Division Multiplexing, optical amplification, new-generation optical fibers, and high-speed digital electronics. The role played by submarine-communication systems in the development of high-speed networks and associated market demands for multiplying Internet and broadband services is also covered. Importance of This Topic This book will fill the gap between highly specialized papers from large international conferences and broad-audience technology review updates. The book provides a full overview of the evolution in the field and conveys the dimension of the large undersea projects. In addition, the book uncovers the myths surrounding marine operations and installations in that domain, which have remained known so far to only very few specialists.

Femtosecond Real Time Spectroscopy of Small Molecules and Clusters

Author: Elmar Schreiber
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783540639008
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book gives a detailed overview on this new and exciting field at the boundary of physics and chemistry. Laser-induced ultrafast molecuar dynamics is presented for many textbook-like examples of model molecules and clusters. Experimental results on phenomena like wave packet propagation, ultrafast photodissociation and femtosecond structural redistribution are presented and described theoretically.

Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena Fundamentals Techniques and Applications on a Femtosecond Time Scale

Author: Jean-Claude Diels
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9781493300372
Format: PDF, ePub
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One of the first coherent, tutorial graduate level text/reference books on ultrashort laser phenomena, this book presents an introduction to the phenomena and explains how it can be used to help examine problems in areas such as electromagnetism, optics, and quantum mechanics. Written for students as well as experimental researchers in physics, engineering, biology, or chemistry, the text provides the necessary background and tools to design experiments involving ultrashort pulses. All aspects of design are covered: from the construction of the source, to the amplifier, to the diagnostic method, and finally, to the design of the experiment in any field. The text reviews the basic properties of light propagation through matter and provides a study of simple optical components with emphasis on the important phenomena that occur with pulses of duration less than 10-12s (or less than 0.3 mm in length). The reader is also provided with the fundamental concepts (as well as numerical data through numerous tables), necessary to design optical systems capable of manipulating such pulses. Beyond the simple optical system, the various types of sources of ultrashort pulses are presented, again with emphasis on the basic concepts and how they apply to the design of particular sources (dye lasers, solid state lasers, semiconductor lasers, fiber lasers, and sources based on frequency conversion). This book is addressed as much to the physicist as to the engineer, chemist, biologist, student, or experienced researcher interested in the application of ultrashort light pulses to the study of ultrafast event in this field. Key Features * Provides an easy to follow guide through "faster than electronics" probing and detection methods * Describes the intriguing aspects of optics when applied to ultrashort pulses * Offers a systematic and comprehensive lecture through all the uncommon and unexpected aspects of short pulse propagation through linear and nonlinear media * Serves as a manual on designing and constructing femtosecond systems or experiments "from scratch" * Presents a course that combined experimental techniques and theoretical backgrounds, by authors who have two decades of experience in both theoretical and experimental aspects of ultrafast phenomena * Bridges the gap between an authored work and a textbook

Mono Cycle Photonics and Optical Scanning Tunneling Microscopy

Author: Mikio Yamashita
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3540271406
Format: PDF
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Deals with both the ultrashort laser-pulse technology in the few- to mono-cycle region and the laser-surface-controlled scanning-tunneling microscopy (STM) extending into the spatiotemporal extreme technology. The former covers the theory of nonlinear pulse propagation beyond the slowly-varing-envelope approximation, the generation and active chirp compensation of ultrabroadband optical pulses, the amplitude and phase characterization of few- to mono-cycle pulses, and the feedback field control for the mono-cycle-like pulse generation. In addition, the wavelength-multiplex shaping of ultrabroadband pulses, and the carrier-phase measurement and control of few-cycle pulses are described. The latter covers the CW-laser-excitation STM, the femtosecond-time-resolved STM and atomic-level surface phenomena controlled by femtosecond pulses.