Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena

Author: Jean-Claude Diels
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0080466400
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena, Second Edition serves as an introduction to the phenomena of ultra short laser pulses and describes how this technology can be used to examine problems in areas such as electromagnetism, optics, and quantum mechanics. Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena combines theoretical backgrounds and experimental techniques and will serve as a manual on designing and constructing femtosecond ("faster than electronics") systems or experiments from scratch. Beyond the simple optical system, the various sources of ultrashort pulses are presented, again with emphasis on the basic concepts and how they apply to the design of particular sources (dye lasers, solid state lasers, semiconductor lasers, fiber lasers, and sources based on frequency conversion). Provides an easy to follow guide through "faster than electronics" probing and detection methods THE manual on designing and constructing femtosecond systems and experiments Discusses essential technology for applications in micro-machining, femtochemistry, and medical imaging

Lasers

Author: Jean-Claude Diels
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527410392
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
An introductory guide to laser technologies in very diverse fields from nuclear and particle physics to medicine, astronomy and ultra-precise metrology written by reputable laser experts who think that science should be entertaining.

Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena Fundamentals Techniques and Applications on a Femtosecond Time Scale

Author: Jean-Claude Diels
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9781493300372
Format: PDF
Download Now
One of the first coherent, tutorial graduate level text/reference books on ultrashort laser phenomena, this book presents an introduction to the phenomena and explains how it can be used to help examine problems in areas such as electromagnetism, optics, and quantum mechanics. Written for students as well as experimental researchers in physics, engineering, biology, or chemistry, the text provides the necessary background and tools to design experiments involving ultrashort pulses. All aspects of design are covered: from the construction of the source, to the amplifier, to the diagnostic method, and finally, to the design of the experiment in any field. The text reviews the basic properties of light propagation through matter and provides a study of simple optical components with emphasis on the important phenomena that occur with pulses of duration less than 10-12s (or less than 0.3 mm in length). The reader is also provided with the fundamental concepts (as well as numerical data through numerous tables), necessary to design optical systems capable of manipulating such pulses. Beyond the simple optical system, the various types of sources of ultrashort pulses are presented, again with emphasis on the basic concepts and how they apply to the design of particular sources (dye lasers, solid state lasers, semiconductor lasers, fiber lasers, and sources based on frequency conversion). This book is addressed as much to the physicist as to the engineer, chemist, biologist, student, or experienced researcher interested in the application of ultrashort light pulses to the study of ultrafast event in this field. Key Features * Provides an easy to follow guide through "faster than electronics" probing and detection methods * Describes the intriguing aspects of optics when applied to ultrashort pulses * Offers a systematic and comprehensive lecture through all the uncommon and unexpected aspects of short pulse propagation through linear and nonlinear media * Serves as a manual on designing and constructing femtosecond systems or experiments "from scratch" * Presents a course that combined experimental techniques and theoretical backgrounds, by authors who have two decades of experience in both theoretical and experimental aspects of ultrafast phenomena * Bridges the gap between an authored work and a textbook

Compact Sources of Ultrashort Pulses

Author: Irl N. Duling, III
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521031653
Format: PDF
Download Now
A detailed review of the state of the art in compact, modelocked laser systems and their applications.

Optical Technologies for Extreme Ultraviolet and Soft X ray Coherent Sources

Author: Federico Canova
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3662474433
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
The book reviews the most recent achievements in optical technologies for XUV and X-ray coherent sources. Particular attention is given to free-electron-laser facilities, but also to other sources available at present, such as synchrotrons, high-order laser harmonics and X-ray lasers. The optical technologies relevant to each type of source are discussed. In addition, the main technologies used for photon handling and conditioning, namely multilayer mirrors, adaptive optics, crystals and gratings are explained. Experiments using coherent light received during the last decades a lot of attention for the X-ray regime. Strong efforts were taken for the realization of almost fully coherent sources, e.g. the free-electron lasers, both as independent sources in the femtosecond and attosecond regimes and as seeding sources for free-electron-lasers and X-ray gas lasers. In parallel to the development of sources, optical technologies for photon handling and conditioning of such coherent and intense X-ray beams advanced. New problems were faced for the realization of optical components of beamlines demanding to manage coherent X-ray photons, e.g. the preservation of coherence and time structure of ultra short pulses.

Ultrafast Dynamics at the Nanoscale

Author: Stefan Haacke
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1315340925
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Ultrafast Dynamics at the Nanoscale provides a combined experimental and theoretical insight into the molecular-level investigation of light-induced quantum processes in biological systems and nanostructured (bio)assemblies. Topics include DNA photostability and repair, photoactive proteins, biological and artificial light-harvesting systems, plasmonic nanostructures, and organic photovoltaic materials, whose common denominator is the key importance of ultrafast quantum effects at the border between the molecular scale and the nanoscale. The functionality and control of these systems have been under intense investigation in recent years in view of developing a detailed understanding of ultrafast nanoscale energy and charge transfer, as well as fostering novel technologies based on sustainable energy resources. Both experiment and theory have made big strides toward meeting the challenge of these truly complex systems. This book, thus, introduces the reader to cutting-edge developments in ultrafast nonlinear optical spectroscopies and the quantum dynamical simulation of the observed dynamics, including direct simulations of two-dimensional optical experiments. Taken together, these techniques attempt to elucidate whether the quantum coherent nature of ultrafast events enhances the efficiency of the relevant processes and where the quantum–classical boundary sets in, in these high-dimensional biological and material systems. The chapters contain well-illustrated accounts of the authors’ research work, including didactic introductory material, and address a multidisciplinary audience from chemistry, physics, biology, and materials sciences. The book is, therefore, a must-have for graduate- and postgraduate-level researchers who wish to learn about molecular nanoscience from a combined spectroscopic and theoretical viewpoint.

Engineering Optics

Author: Keigo Iizuka
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 0387757236
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Engineering Optics is a book for students who want to apply their knowledge of optics to engineering problems, as well as for engineering students who want to acquire the basic principles of optics. It covers such important topics as optical signal processing, holography, tomography, holographic radars, fiber optical communication, electro- and acousto-optic devices, and integrated optics (including optical bistability). Practical examples, such as the video disk, the Fresnel zone plate, and many more, appear throughout the text, together with numerous solved exercises. There is an entirely new section in this updated edition on 3-D imaging.

Femtosecond Laser Pulses

Author: Claude Rullière
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3662036827
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
An introduction to the fundamentals of lasers and pulsed optics, teaching readers the physics behind short and ultrashort laser pulses, and how to manipulate and measure them. Additionally, the text presents experiments and discusses the spectroscopic implications. This well-rounded book provides an up-to-date insight into one of the most exciting fields of laser physics.

Light Science

Author: Thomas Rossing
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387988276
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Intended for students in the visual arts and for others with an interest in art, but with no prior knowledge of physics, this book presents the science behind what and how we see. The approach emphasises phenomena rather than mathematical theories and the joy of discovery rather than the drudgery of derivations. The text includes numerous problems, and suggestions for simple experiments, and also considers such questions as why the sky is blue, how mirrors and prisms affect the colour of light, how compact disks work, and what visual illusions can tell us about the nature of perception. It goes on to discuss such topics as the optics of the eye and camera, the different sources of light, photography and holography, colour in printing and painting, as well as computer imaging and processing.

Advances in Information Optics and Photonics

Author: Ari T. Friberg
Publisher: SPIE Press
ISBN: 0819472344
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This volume is the sixth in a series of books initiated in 1989 by the International Commission for Optics (ICO). These books highlight the advances and trends in the research and development of optical sciences, technologies, and applications at the time of their publication. In this age of the photon, information optics and photonics represent the key technologies to sustain our knowledge-based society. New concepts in classical and quantum-entangled light, coherent interaction with matter, and novel materials and processes have led to remarkable advances in today's information science and technology. The ICO is closely involved with information optics, as exemplified by the ICO topical meeting on Optoinformatics / Information Photonics (St. Petersburg, Russia, 2006), the ICO/ICTP Winter College on Quantum and Classical Aspects of Information Optics (Trieste, Italy, 2006), and the many ICO Prizes recently awarded on outstanding contributions on these topics. This book is in part based on these ICO activities. This volume contains a collection of 32 chapters from internationally leading scientists and research groups on a variety of topics in information optics and photonics, including the 2003-2006 ICO Prize winners. The chapters are divided into 7 sections: Beam Optics; Laser Photonics and Components; Electromagnetic Coherence; Imaging, Microscopy, Holography, and Materials; Photonic Processing; Quantum Information and Matter; and Communications and Networks. This volume was edited by Ari T. Friberg, ICO President, and René Dändliker, ICO Past President (2005-2008). Dr. Friberg is Professor of Optics at the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH), Stockholm, Sweden, and Finland Distinguished Professor at Helsinki University of Technology (TKK) and the University of Joensuu, Finland. Dr. Dändliker is Emeritus Professor at the Institute of Microtechnology, University of Neuchâtel, Switzerland, and President of the Swiss Academy of Engineering Sciences.