Uncovering Value Added in Trade

Author: Yuqing Xing
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814656372
Format: PDF, Docs
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Value chain trade has challenged economic implications of conventional trade statistics and transformed bilateral trade relationships into multilaterals. Conventional trade statistics exaggerate trade volumes and bilateral trade imbalances. It is imperative to measure trade in value-added and examine trade relations in the context of global value chains. This book is a collection of research papers on new approaches to measure trade in value added and the role of global value chains in modern international trade. It introduces the input output method for measuring trade and a direct approach for measuring the domestic value added of the People's Republic of China — the center of global assembly. In addition, it shows how to analyze trade relations in the context of global value chains. Contents:Introduction (Yuqing Xing)Implications of Global Value Chains for Trade Statistics and Trade Policy (Christophe Degain and Andreas Maurer)OECD Inter-Country Input–Output Model and Policy Implications (Norihiko Yamano)Estimating the Upper Limits of Value Added in the People's Republic of China's Processing Exports (Yuqing Xing)An Alternative Measurement for International Fragmentation of the Production Process: An International Input–Output Approach (Satoshi Inomata)Share of Imports and Commodities in Consumption and Investment in the United States (Galina Hale and Bart Hobijn)Domestic Value Chains in the People's Republic of China and Their Linkages with the Global Economy (Bo Meng)The "Fox–Apple" Partnership in the Global Value Chain: How Did Foreign Direct Investment and Contract Manufacturing Reshape the Landscape of the Electronics Industry? (Guoyong Liang) Readership: Advance postgraduate students and researchers in the field of international economics, particularly those studying global value chains. Key Features:This is the first book to systematically introduce the input-output method for measuring trade in value-added and a direct approach to measure the domestic value-added of China's exportsChapters are based on innovative approaches to analyze trade relations under global value chainsContributors are leading scholars in global value chains research and study. The authors are from WTO, OECD, ADBI, UNCTAD, the US Fed, JETRO-IDE and Peking University — a great combination and representation of international organizations and academic institutionsKeywords:Trade;Global Value Chains;Production Networks;Input-output Method;Trade Statistics;Trade Measurement;Trade in Value-Added;Domestic Value-Added;Production Fragmentation;Global Assembly;Trade Relations;Foreign Direct Investment;Manufacturing

Uncovering Value Added in Trade

Author: Yuqing Xing
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company
ISBN: 9789814656351
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Value chain trade has challenged economic implications of conventional trade statistics and transformed bilateral trade relationships into multilaterals. Conventional trade statistics exaggerate trade volumes and bilateral trade imbalances. It is imperative to measure trade in value-added and examine trade relations in the context of global value chains. This book is a collection of research papers on new approaches to measure trade in value added and the role of global value chains in modern international trade. It introduces the input output method for measuring trade and a direct approach for measuring the domestic value added of the People's Republic of China — the center of global assembly. In addition, it shows how to analyze trade relations in the context of global value chains.

Innovation in the Asia Pacific

Author: Thomas Clarke
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811058954
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This book promotes the creation of advanced knowledge-based economies driven by innovation networks and the continuous development of human capital and capability. It provides valuable insights into the growing emergence of knowledge-based industries of the Asia Pacific, and highlights research on: modes of creativity and innovation; intellectual property; the components of national innovation systems such as firms, education and training; knowledge and technical infrastructure; and public policy. The Asia Pacific region is currently in the process of transforming from being the manufacturing centre of the global economy to a centre of innovation for the knowledge economy, with the successful IPO of Alibaba in 2014 being a prime example of this shift. From a neo-Schumpeterian perspective, the region is increasingly engaged in shortening and intensifying cycles of innovation. The historic agreement at the Beijing APEC meeting between China and the US to radically reduce carbon emissions indicates that one imperative of this innovation is to contribute to sustainability. The fact that the US Government is moving away from this historic commitment, while the Chinese Government is endorsing the commitment, indicates an emerging opportunity for Asia to lead the world technologically in a vital industrial sector of the future.

Myanmar s Integration with the World

Author: Prabir De
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9811051348
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book comprehensively investigates the challenges to Myanmar’s access to the global market. Myanmar is a late entrant in the global trade and investment scenario after years of isolation. However, it has large untapped potentials for trade and investment in minerals, agro and forest based industries, other labour intensive industries, services like tourism, IT, etc. Different chapters of the book explore the implication of democratic transition of Myanmar, the progress of Myanmar’s industry and infrastructure, its international linkages and feasible options for integrating more in regional economic groups and also analyses how far Myanmar could exploit the global value chain. Although a number of reports have discussed sector specific prospects of Myanmar, this book is an authoritative work on these aspects for policy planners, academicians, researchers as well as potential investors.

Future Fragmentation Processes

Author: Jodie Keane
Publisher: Commonwealth Secretariat
ISBN: 1849291667
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Future Fragmentation Processes provides a careful examination of global value chains (GVCs) within which Commonwealth members countries specialise at the sectoral level: manufacturing, services and commodity trade, including within the realm of the oceans economy, and reflects on future fragmentation processes.

Asia and Global Production Networks

Author: Benno Ferrarini
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
ISBN: 178347209X
Format: PDF, Docs
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This timely book deploys new tools and measures to understand how global production networks change the nature of global economic interdependence, and how that in turn changes our understanding of which policies are appropriate in this new environment.

UN Millennium Development Library Innovation

Author: UN Millennium Project
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1136550348
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The Millennium Development Goals, adopted at the UN Millennium Summit in 2000, are the world's targets for dramatically reducing extreme poverty in its many dimensions by 2015income poverty, hunger, disease, exclusion, lack of infrastructure and shelterwhile promoting gender equality, education, health and environmental sustainability. These bold goals can be met in all parts of the world if nations follow through on their commitments to work together to meet them. Achieving the Millennium Development Goals offers the prospect of a more secure, just, and prosperous world for all. The UN Millennium Project was commissioned by United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan to develop a practical plan of action to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As an independent advisory body directed by Professor Jeffrey D. Sachs, the UN Millennium Project submitted its recommendations to the UN Secretary General in January 2005. The core of the UN Millennium Project's work has been carried out by 10 thematic Task Forces comprising more than 250 experts from around the world, including scientists, development practitioners, parliamentarians, policymakers, and representatives from civil society, UN agencies, the World Bank, the IMF, and the private sector. This report argues that meeting the Millennium Development Goals will require a substantial reorientation of development policies to focus on key sources of economic growth, particularly the use of scientific and technological knowledge and related institutional adjustments. It outlines key areas for policy action, including focusing on platform or generic technologies; defining infrastructure services as a foundation for technology; improving higher education in science and placing universities at the center of local development; spurring entrepreneurial activities; improving the policy environment; and focusing on areas of under-funded research for development.

Taking Stock of Industrial Ecology

Author: Roland Clift
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319205714
Format: PDF, ePub
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How can we design more sustainable industrial and urban systems that reduce environmental impacts while supporting a high quality of life for everyone? What progress has been made towards reducing resource use and waste, and what are the prospects for more resilient, material-efficient economies? What are the environmental and social impacts of global supply chains and how can they be measured and improved? Such questions are at the heart of the emerging discipline of industrial ecology, covered in Taking Stock of Industrial Ecology. Leading authors, researchers and practitioners review how far industrial ecology has developed and current issues and concerns, with illustrations of what the industrial ecology paradigm has achieved in public policy, corporate strategy and industrial practice. It provides an introduction for students coming to industrial ecology and for professionals who wish to understand what industrial ecology can offer, a reference for researchers and practitioners and a source of case studies for teachers.

Globalization and Restructuring of African Commodity Flows

Author: Niels Fold
Publisher: Nordic Africa Inst
ISBN: 9789171066169
Format: PDF, Docs
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The increasing global interaction between functionally integrated foci of production and services has affected Africa in ways that are changing the material foundations of economic and social life on the continent. These processes are not uniform throughout Africa, but affect local, national and regional actors and institutions in diverse and complex ways. The aim of this book is to grasp the diversity of these globalization processes in a systematic way by adopting a common analytical framework, the Global Value Chain approach. Commodity-specific data in two or more countries are taken as a point of departure and the variations and similarities in linkages between local, national, regional and global chain segments are examined. The book is based on original quantitative and qualitative data, collected during fieldwork by the authors.