Understanding Language Classroom Contexts

Author: Martin Wedell
Publisher: A&C Black
ISBN: 1441160590
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
Arguably the whole point of education is to effect change in what people know and are able to do. Globalization has contributed to a common perception worldwide of the need to introduce changes to the teaching and learning of languages. The success of many attempts to do so has been limited by insufficient consideration of implementation contexts. Understanding Language Classroom Contexts explores and illustrates how what happens in any (language) classroom is influenced by (and can be an influence on) the contexts in which it is situated. A clear understanding of these influences is thus the starting point for planning effective change. The book considers many visible and invisible features of the multiple layers of any context, and provides a framework for understanding the types of factors that may influence whether changes (planned by a teacher or externally initiated) are likely to be successful. The book will help teachers (and educational managers or change planners outside the classroom) to understand why their classrooms are as they are and so to make informed decisions about what can or cannot (or not easily) be changed, and suggests how any changes might be appropriately managed.

How Students Learn

Author: Committee on How People Learn: A Targeted Report for Teachers
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309547997
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
How Students Learn: History in the Classroom builds on the discoveries detailed in the best-selling How People Learn. Now these findings are presented in a way that teachers can use immediately, to revitalize their work in the classroom for even greater effectiveness. The book explores the importance of balancing students' knowledge of historical fact against their understanding of concepts, such as change and cause, and their skills in assessing historical accounts. It also features illustrated suggestion for classroom activities.

Appropriate Methodology and Social Context

Author: Adrian Holliday
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521437455
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
The methodology of English language education has been developed mainly in the English-speaking countries of 'the west' and does not always fit the needs of the rest of the world. Appropriate Methodology and Social Context investigates this state of affairs by looking at the wider social context of what happens between teachers and students. It uses an ethnographic framework to explore the complex and diverse cultures of classrooms, of student groups and teacher communities in different countries and educational environments. It goes on to argue that these factors have to be acknowledged in the design and implementation of appropriate methodologies. Although a major concern is with classroom teaching, the methodologies for curriculum and project management and design are also addressed.

How People Learn

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309131979
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
First released in the Spring of 1999, How People Learn has been expanded to show how the theories and insights from the original book can translate into actions and practice, now making a real connection between classroom activities and learning behavior. This edition includes far-reaching suggestions for research that could increase the impact that classroom teaching has on actual learning. Like the original edition, this book offers exciting new research about the mind and the brain that provides answers to a number of compelling questions. When do infants begin to learn? How do experts learn and how is this different from non-experts? What can teachers and schools do-with curricula, classroom settings, and teaching methods--to help children learn most effectively? New evidence from many branches of science has significantly added to our understanding of what it means to know, from the neural processes that occur during learning to the influence of culture on what people see and absorb. How People Learn examines these findings and their implications for what we teach, how we teach it, and how we assess what our children learn. The book uses exemplary teaching to illustrate how approaches based on what we now know result in in-depth learning. This new knowledge calls into question concepts and practices firmly entrenched in our current education system. Topics include: How learning actually changes the physical structure of the brain. How existing knowledge affects what people notice and how they learn. What the thought processes of experts tell us about how to teach. The amazing learning potential of infants. The relationship of classroom learning and everyday settings of community and workplace. Learning needs and opportunities for teachers. A realistic look at the role of technology in education.

Interpreting Communicative Language Teaching

Author: Sandra J. Savignon
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 0300129076
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
The emergence of English as a global language, along with technological innovations and the growing need for learner autonomy, is changing language teaching rapidly and profoundly. With these changes come new demands and challenges for teaching education programs. This authoritative collection of writings highlights some of the best work being done today in the United States and abroad to make communicative competence an attainable goal. The contributors examine what has come to be known as communicative language teaching, or CLT, from the perspectives of teachers and teacher educators. The book documents current reform initiatives in Japan, the United States, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and continental Europe to provide a global perspective on language teaching for communicative competence. Four major themes recur throughout the volume: the multifaceted nature of language teaching; the highly contextualized nature of CLT; the futility of defining a “native speaker” in the postcolonial, postmodern world; and the overwhelming influence of high-stakes tests on language teaching. The book is a useful and valuable tool for language teachers, teacher educators, and policymakers.

Principles of Language Learning and Teaching

Author: H. Douglas Brown
Publisher: Allyn & Bacon
ISBN: 9780131991286
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
"Principles of Language Learning and Teaching, " Fifth Edition, by H. Douglas Brown, is the classic second language acquisition text used by teacher education programs worldwide. "Principles" introduces key concepts through definitions of terms, thought-provoking questions, charts, and spiraling. New "Classroom Connections" encourage students to consider the implications of research for classroom pedagogy. An up-to-date bibliography and new glossary provide quick access to important works and key terminology in the field. The fifth edition takes a comprehensive look at foundations of language teaching through discussions of the latest research in the field, including: Vygotsky's and Bakhtin's theories Thorndike's law of effect error treatment, noticing, recasts intercultural communication language policy and politics corpus linguistics "hot topics" in SLA connectionism and emergentism flow theory, willingness to communicate strategies-based instruction contrastive rhetoric attribution theory, self-efficacy output hypothesis Also by H. Douglas Brown: "Teaching by Principles: An Interactive Approach to Language PedagogyLanguage Assessment: Principles and Classroom PracticesStrategies for Success: A Practical Guide to Learning English"

Teaching Teachers

Author: Angi Malderez
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441191534
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
This book is a rich resource for all those who support the learning of teachers. These 'teachers of teachers' (ToTs) may find themselves: Being responsible for staff development within the context of a school; Running a one-off workshop or a longer in-service programme; Teaching university-based elements of an initial teacher preparation (ITP) programme; or Mentoring a trainee during the classroom based elements of their ITP or as part of an ongoing programme of inservice provision. Based on many years of experience in the field as ToTs and researchers, the authors provide strategies which support the following processes and practices: Designing and planning effective programmes to support teacher learning Planning sessions or sequences of sessions on such programmes Engaging in a one-to-one mentoring process Assessing teachers and their learning Managing your personal development as a ToTs

Key Issues in Language Teaching

Author: Jack C. Richards
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110745610X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
A comprehensive and extensively researched overview of key issues in language teaching today. This essential text for English language teachers surveys a broad range of core topics that are important in understanding contemporary approaches to teaching English as a second or international language, and which form the content of many professional development courses for language teachers. A wide range of issues is examined, including a consideration of the nature of English in the world, the way the English teaching profession works, the development of teaching methods, the nature of classroom teaching, teaching the four skills, teaching the language system, and elements of a language program.

International Perspectives on Teachers Living with Curriculum Change

Author: Martin Wedell
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 1137543094
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
“This book gives a voice to English language teachers faced with the challenges posed by English language curriculum change. As a core component of national state system curricula in virtually every country in the world, there has nevertheless been little research exploring how the millions of English teachers worldwide navigate the challenges posed by such curriculum changes. This volume includes eleven stories from teachers based across every continent, providing a global glimpse of how national English curriculum change projects have been experienced by classroom teachers who are commonly (if erroneously) viewed as mostly responsible for its implementation success or failure. The final chapter synthesises these experiences and suggests wider implications for the development of curriculum change planning processes, and how they might better support teachers’ attempts to achieve curriculum goals. Edited and authored by leading experts in the field, this ground-breaking collection will be of interest to students and scholars of English language teaching, teacher education, curriculum change and education policy.”

Planning for Educational Change

Author: Martin Wedell
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1441192700
Format: PDF
Download Now
This book highlights the current ideas about the what, why and how of educational change and what these suggest about the essential issues that change policy makers and planners need to consider. It analyses international case studies of change initiatives to illustrate how the change process can be affected when such issues are insufficiently acknowledged or ignored. Finally the book introduces a number of key questions for educational change practitioners to consider when they find themselves responsible for the planning and/or implementation and/or monitoring of changes within an institution, a locality or a region. Educational change scenarios, from change within a single institution to local implementation of a national change, are used to show how answers to these questions can help change planners to closely match their implementation processes to their local contextual realities.