Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment

Author: Kunal Roy
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0128016337
Format: PDF
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Understanding the Basics of QSAR for Applications in Pharmaceutical Sciences and Risk Assessment describes the historical evolution of quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR) approaches and their fundamental principles. This book includes clear, introductory coverage of the statistical methods applied in QSAR and new QSAR techniques, such as HQSAR and G-QSAR. Containing real-world examples that illustrate important methodologies, this book identifies QSAR as a valuable tool for many different applications, including drug discovery, predictive toxicology and risk assessment. Written in a straightforward and engaging manner, this is the ideal resource for all those looking for general and practical knowledge of QSAR methods. Includes numerous practical examples related to QSAR methods and applications Follows the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development principles for QSAR model development Discusses related techniques such as structure-based design and the combination of structure- and ligand-based design tools

Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships in Drug Design Predictive Toxicology and Risk Assessment

Author: Roy, Kunal
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1466681373
Format: PDF, ePub
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Quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) represent predictive models derived from the application of statistical tools correlating biological activity or other properties of chemicals with descriptors representative of molecular structure and/or property. Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships in Drug Design, Predictive Toxicology, and Risk Assessment discusses recent advancements in the field of QSARs with special reference to their application in drug development, predictive toxicology, and chemical risk analysis. Focusing on emerging research in the field, this book is an ideal reference source for industry professionals, students, and academicians in the fields of medicinal chemistry and toxicology.

Computational Toxicology

Author: Sean Ekins
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119282578
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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A key resource for toxicologists across a broad spectrum of fields, this book offers a comprehensive analysis of molecular modelling approaches and strategies applied to risk assessment for pharmaceutical and environmental chemicals. • Provides a perspective of what is currently achievable with computational toxicology and a view to future developments • Helps readers overcome questions of data sources, curation, treatment, and how to model / interpret critical endpoints that support 21st century hazard assessment • Assembles cutting-edge concepts and leading authors into a unique and powerful single-source reference • Includes in-depth looks at QSAR models, physicochemical drug properties, structure-based drug targeting, chemical mixture assessments, and environmental modeling • Features coverage about consumer product safety assessment and chemical defense along with chapters on open source toxicology and big data

Advances in QSAR modeling

Author: Kunal Roy
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319568507
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The book covers theoretical background and methodology as well as all current applications of Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationships (QSAR). Written by an international group of recognized researchers, this edited volume discusses applications of QSAR in multiple disciplines such as chemistry, pharmacy, environmental and agricultural sciences addressing data gaps and modern regulatory requirements. Additionally, the applications of QSAR in food science and nanoscience have been included – two areas which have only recently been able to exploit this versatile tool. This timely addition to the series is aimed at graduate students, academics and industrial scientists interested in the latest advances and applications of QSAR.

Methods and Algorithms for Molecular Docking Based Drug Design and Discovery

Author: Dastmalchi, Siavoush
Publisher: IGI Global
ISBN: 1522501169
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The role of technology in the medical field has resulted in significant developments within the pharmaceutical industry. Computational approaches have emerged as a crucial method in further advancing drug design and development. Methods and Algorithms for Molecular Docking-Based Drug Design and Discovery presents emerging research on the application of computer-assisted design methods for drugs, emphasizing the benefits and improvements that molecular docking has caused within the pharmaceutical industry. Focusing on validation methods, search algorithms, and scoring functions, this book is a pivotal resource for professionals, researchers, students, and practitioners in the field of theoretical and computational chemistry.

Computational Toxicology

Author: Brad Reisfeld
Publisher: Humana Press
ISBN: 9781493958979
Format: PDF, ePub
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Rapid advances in computer science, biology, chemistry, and other disciplines are enabling powerful new computational tools and models for toxicology and pharmacology. These computational tools hold tremendous promise for advancing science, from streamlining drug efficacy and safety testing, to increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of risk assessment for environmental chemicals. Computational Toxicology provides biomedical and quantitative scientists with essential background, context, examples, useful tips, and an overview of current developments in the field. Divided into four sections, Volume I covers a wide array of methodologies and topics. Opening with an introduction to the field of computational toxicology and its current and potential applications, the volume continues with ’best practices’ in mathematical and computational modeling, followed by chemoinformatics and the use of computational techniques and databases to predict chemical properties and toxicity, as well as an overview of molecular dynamics. The final section is a compilation of the key elements and main approaches used in pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic modeling, including the modeling of absorption, compartment and non-compartmental modeling, physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling, interspecies extrapolation, and population effects. Written in the successful Methods in Molecular BiologyTM series format where possible, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the materials and software tools used, methods, and notes on troubleshooting. Authoritative and easily accessible, Computational Toxicology will allow motivated readers to participate in this exciting field and undertake a diversity of realistic problems of interest.

Computational Toxicology

Author: Bruce A. Fowler
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012396508X
Format: PDF
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Computational Toxicology: Methods and Applications for Risk Assessment is an essential reference on the translation of computational toxicology data into information that can be used for more informed risk assessment decision-making. This book is authored by leading international investigators who have real-world experience in relating computational toxicology methods to risk assessment. Key topics of interest include QSAR modeling, chemical mixtures, applications to metabolomic and metabonomic data sets, toxicogenomic analyses, applications to REACH informational strategies and much more. The examples provided in this book are based on cutting-edge technologies and set out to stimulate the further development of this promising field to offer rapid, better and more cost-effective answers to major public health concerns. Authored by leading international researchers engaged in cutting-edge applications of computational methods for translating complex toxicological data sets into useful risk assessment information Incorporates real-world examples of how computational toxicological methods have been applied to advance the science of risk assessment Provides the framework necessary for new technologies and fosters common vocabularies and principles upon which the effects of new chemical entities should be compared

In Silico Toxicology

Author: Mark Cronin
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
ISBN: 1849732094
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In Silico methods to predict toxicity have become increasingly important recently, particularly in light of European legislation such as REACH and the Cosmetics Regulation. They are also being used extensively worldwide e.g. in the USA, Canada, Japan and Australia. In assessing the risk that a chemical may pose to human health or to the environment, focus is now being directed towards exploitation of in silico methods to replace in vivo or in vitro techniques. A prediction of potential toxicity requires several stages: 1) Collation and organisation of data available for the compound, or if this is not available, information for related compounds. 2) An assessment of the quality of the data. 3) Generation of additional information about the compound using computational techniques at various levels of complexity - calculation of physico-chemical properties, 2-D, 3-D / MO descriptors and specific receptor modelling / interaction. 4) Use of an appropriate strategy to predict toxicity - ie a statistically valid method which makes best use of all available information (mechanism of action, activity for related compounds, extrapolation across species and endpoints, likely exposure scenario amounts over time etc). 5) Consideration then needs to be given to how this information is used in the real world ie use of expert systems / tools as relevant to assessors (if sufficiently different to previous) - weight of evidence approaches. 6) Finally evidence should be presented from case studies within this area. No other publication brings together information on all of these areas in one book and this publication is unique in that it provides a logical progression through every one of these key stages and defines the use of computational approaches to predict the environmental toxicity and human health effects of organic chemicals. The volume is aimed at the developers and users of in silico toxicology and provides an analysis of all aspects required for in silico prediction of toxicology, including data collation, quality assessment and computational approaches. The contributions from recognised leaders in each of these areas include evidence of the use and applicability of approaches using real world case studies concerning both environmental and human health effects. The book provides a very useful single source reference for people working in this area including academics, professionals, under- and post-graduate students as well as Governmental Regulatory Scientists involved in chemical risk assessment and REACH.

Three Dimensional QSAR

Author: Jean Pierre Doucet
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1420091166
Format: PDF
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As a result of new statistical and mathematical approaches, improved visualization tools, and recognition by international regulatory groups, quantitative structure-activity relationships (QSARs) now play important roles in pharmacology for the design of new drugs as well as in toxicology and ecotoxicology for hazard identification and risk assessment. Providing up-to-date coverage of the field, Three Dimensional QSAR: Applications in Pharmacology and Toxicology presents the most recent QSAR methods and illustrates their scope, advantages, and limitations. Part I The first part of the book addresses CoMFA and related methods, such as CoMSIA, FLUFF, SOMFA. It also describes shape-, surface-, and volume-based approaches, including MSA, excluded volume, LIV, HASL, receptor surface model, COMPASS, and CoMSA. Part II Focusing on methods that use 3D information, the second part covers autocorrelation methods, such as GRIND; similarity-based methods, including similarity matrices and quantum similarity indices; and quantitative spectroscopic data–activity relationships. Some applications in data mining are also explored. Part III The third part deals with post-3D models. The authors discuss the adaptation of the receptor and simultaneous presence of several conformers or solvation mechanisms. Part IV The final part presents receptor-related approaches as well as docking and free energy calculations, which are treated at various levels. This part concerns the extensive sampling of phase space and approximate methods, such as linear interaction energy, Poisson–Boltzmann, and generalized Born models. A case study covering several parallel approaches is also developed. An appendix offers the basic principles of modeling and statistical tools routinely required in QSAR methodologies, including optimization methods, molecular mechanics and dynamics, multivariate analysis, nonlinear models, and evolutionary techniques. It provides newcomers with the concepts necessary to fully grasp the essentials of these methods and gives a basic grounding in their correct use. Illustrated with numerous examples and a color insert, this book supplies a clear overview of the strengths and weaknesses of 3D-QSAR approaches. It explains how these modern techniques can link the biological activity of chemicals to their structure, encompassing both their 2D structural formulae and 3D geometry.

Drug Safety Evaluation

Author: Shayne Cox Gad
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119097398
Format: PDF, Docs
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"Provides practical guidance to solve scientific and regulatory issues in preclinical safety assessment, early clinical drug development, and post-approval impurity issues"--Provided by publisher.