Unifying Physics of Accelerators Lasers and Plasma

Author: Andrei Seryi
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482240599
Format: PDF, Docs
Download Now
Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma introduces the physics of accelerators, lasers and plasma in tandem with the industrial methodology of inventiveness, a technique that teaches that similar problems and solutions appear again and again in seemingly dissimilar disciplines. This unique approach builds bridges and enhances connections between the three aforementioned areas of physics that are essential for developing the next generation of accelerators. Boasting more than 200 illustrations, this highly visual text: Employs TRIZ to amalgamate and link different areas of science Avoids heavy mathematics, using back-of-the-envelope calculations to convey key principles Includes end-of-chapter exercises focusing on physics and on applications of the inventiveness method Solutions manual available with qualifying course adoption Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma outlines a path from idea to practical implementation of scientific and technological innovation. The book is suitable for students at the senior undergraduate and graduate levels, as well as for senior scientists interested in enhancing their abilities to work successfully on the development of the next generation of facilities, devices and scientific instruments manufactured from the synergy of accelerators, lasers and plasma.

High Energy Density Physics

Author: R Paul Drake
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331967711X
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
The raw numbers of high-energy-density physics are amazing: shock waves at hundreds of km/s (approaching a million km per hour), temperatures of millions of degrees, and pressures that exceed 100 million atmospheres. This title surveys the production of high-energy-density conditions, the fundamental plasma and hydrodynamic models that can describe them and the problem of scaling from the laboratory to the cosmos. Connections to astrophysics are discussed throughout. The book is intended to support coursework in high-energy-density physics, to meet the needs of new researchers in this field, and also to serve as a useful reference on the fundamentals. Specifically the book has been designed to enable academics in physics, astrophysics, applied physics and engineering departments to provide in a single-course, an introduction to fluid mechanics and radiative transfer, with dramatic applications in the field of high-energy-density systems. This second edition includes pedagogic improvements to the presentation throughout and additional material on equations of state, heat waves, and ionization fronts, as well as problem sets accompanied by solutions.

Synchrotron Radiation and Free Electron Lasers

Author: Kwang-Je Kim
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107162610
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Learn about the latest advances in high-brightness X-ray physics and technology with this authoritative text. Drawing upon the most recent theoretical developments, pre-eminent leaders in the field guide readers through the fundamental principles and techniques of high-brightness X-ray generation from both synchrotron and free-electron laser sources. A wide range of topics is covered, including high-brightness synchrotron radiation from undulators, self-amplified spontaneous emission, seeded high-gain amplifiers with harmonic generation, ultra-short pulses, tapering for higher power, free-electron laser oscillators, and X-ray oscillator and amplifier configuration. Novel mathematical approaches and numerous figures accompanied by intuitive explanations enable easy understanding of key concepts, whilst practical considerations of performance-improving techniques and discussion of recent experimental results provide the tools and knowledge needed to address current research problems in the field. This is a comprehensive resource for graduate students, researchers and practitioners who design, manage or use X-ray facilities.

Applications of Laser Driven Particle Acceleration

Author: Paul Bolton
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 0429817096
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
The first book of its kind to highlight the unique capabilities of laser-driven acceleration and its diverse potential, Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration presents the basic understanding of acceleration concepts and envisioned prospects for selected applications. As the main focus, this new book explores exciting and diverse application possibilities, with emphasis on those uniquely enabled by the laser driver that can also be meaningful and realistic for potential users. A key aim of the book is to inform multiple, interdisciplinary research communities of the new possibilities available and to inspire them to engage with laser-driven acceleration, further motivating and advancing this developing field. Material is presented in a thorough yet accessible manner, making it a valuable reference text for general scientific and engineering researchers who are not necessarily subject matter experts. Applications of Laser-Driven Particle Acceleration is edited by Professors Paul R. Bolton, Katia Parodi, and Jörg Schreiber from the Department of Medical Physics at the Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München in München, Germany.

Reviews of Accelerator Science and Technology

Author: Alex Chao
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9812835202
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Particle accelerators are a major invention of the 20th century. In the last eight decades, they have evolved enormously and have fundamentally changed the way we live, think and work.Accelerators are the most powerful microscopes for viewing the tiniest inner structure of cells, genes, molecules, atoms and their constituents such as protons, neutrons, electrons, neutrinos and quarks. This opens up a whole new world for materials science, chemistry and molecular biology. Accelerators with megawatt beam power may ultimately solve a critical problem faced by our society, namely, the treatment of nuclear waste and the supply of an alternative type of energy.There are also tens of thousands of small accelerators all over the world. They are used every day for medical imaging, cancer therapy, radioisotope production, high-density chip-making, mass spectrometry, cargo x-ray/gamma-ray imaging, detection of explosives and illicit drugs, and weapons. This volume provides a comprehensive review of this driving and fascinating field.The poster (also available in 1118 x 406 mm size) which illustrates the history and development of particle accelerators from 1919 to the future can be purchased separately

Strongly Coupled Plasma Physics

Author: S. Ichimaru
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 044459759X
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
Charged particles in dense matter exhibit strong correlations due to the exchange and Coulomb interactions, and thus make a strongly coupled plasma. Examples in laboratory and astrophysical settings include solid and liquid metals, semiconductors, charged particles in lower dimensions such as those trapped in interfacial states of condensed matter or beams, dense multi-ionic systems such a superionic conductors and inertial-confinement-fusion plasmas . The aim of the conference was to elucidate the various physical processes involved in these dense materials. The subject areas covered include plasma physics, atomic and molecular physics, condensed matter physics and astrophysics.

Frontiers in High Energy Density Physics

Author: Plasma Science Committee
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 030908637X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
Recent scientific and technical advances have made it possible to create matter in the laboratory under conditions relevant to astrophysical systems such as supernovae and black holes. These advances will also benefit inertial confinement fusion research and the nation’s nuclear weapon’s program. The report describes the major research facilities on which such high energy density conditions can be achieved and lists a number of key scientific questions about high energy density physics that can be addressed by this research. Several recommendations are presented that would facilitate the development of a comprehensive strategy for realizing these research opportunities.

Accelerator based Atomic Physics

Author: Stephen M. Shafroth
Publisher: Amer Inst of Physics
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
"None of the books that are presently available offer detailed and up-to-date coverage of the topics addressed in the present work". -- Rand L. Watson, Texas A&M University "One of the major strengths of this book are very timely contributions in a number of new and exciting research areas.... I am not aware of other books covering a similiar range of topics pertinent to accelerator-based atomic physics". -- Fred W. Meyer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory Bringing together the contributions of many prominent researchers, this collection of original papers unifies the main areas of modern experimental atomic physics. The unusually broad coverage includes discussion of heavy-ion storage rings and fast neutral beams, topics not well reported. Also revealed are innovative techniques for resolving zero-degree Auger electrons, performing molecular ion imaging, and characterizing ion-atom collisions by means of the new COLTRIMS method. Emphasizing state-of-the-art accelerator-based techniques, this book is a practical introduction to the working methods of the world's leading accelerator facilities.

Connecting Quarks with the Cosmos

Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 9780309171137
Format: PDF
Download Now
Advances made by physicists in understanding matter, space, and time and by astronomers in understanding the universe as a whole have closely intertwined the question being asked about the universe at its two extremesâ€"the very large and the very small. This report identifies 11 key questions that have a good chance to be answered in the next decade. It urges that a new research strategy be created that brings to bear the techniques of both astronomy and sub-atomic physics in a cross-disciplinary way to address these questions. The report presents seven recommendations to facilitate the necessary research and development coordination. These recommendations identify key priorities for future scientific projects critical for realizing these scientific opportunities.