Urban Pollution and Changes to Materials and Building Surfaces

Author: Peter Brimblecombe
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 1783268875
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Pollution damages materials, but it has changed dramatically in the past century, with a reduction in the concentration of corrosive primary pollutants in urban atmospheres. At the same time, architectural styles and types of materials have changed, as we have moved to more organically rich, photochemically active atmospheres. Contemporary pollutants have a greater potential to degrade organic coatings and polymers, which are of great importance to modern structures. Urban Pollution and Changes to Materials and Building Surfaces examines a range of materials, discussing the ways in which they are likely to be damaged by contemporary urban pollutants, with an emphasis on the effects of air pollution. A chapter on graffiti is also included. The wide scope covered means that this volume is suitable for readers from a broad background. It should be of interest to scientists and policymakers dealing with the effects of urban pollution, as well as undergraduate and graduate students working in this area. This book, with its wealth of information, is of exceedingly good value for readers who seek to understand more on the changes of materials and building surfaces by urban pollution. Contents:Past, Present and Future Damage to Materials and Building Surfaces in the Polluted Urban EnvironmentWeathering of Building MaterialsAir Pollution Damage to StoneComposition and Chemistry of Crusts on StoneSoiling and DiscolourationAir Pollution Damage to MetalsAir Pollution Damage to GlassAir Pollution and Changes to the Biology of Urban FabricThe Whole Building and Patterns of DegradationThe Historic and Archaeological Heritage: Pollution and Non-Urban SitesEvaluation of Cleaning Methods for Graffiti Removal Readership: Scientists and policymakers dealing with the effects of urban pollution, as well as undergraduate and graduate students working in this area. Key Features:There are very few books that treat the problem in general although there are some on materials such as stone, glass and metals, which have chapters on air pollutantsKeywords:Damage to Materials;Building Surfaces;Stone;Metal;Glass

New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation

Author: Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 0128110341
Format: PDF, Docs
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New Polymer Nanocomposites for Environmental Remediation summarizes recent progress in the development of materials’ properties, fabrication methods and their applications for treatment of contaminants, pollutant sensing and detection. This book presents current research into how polymer nanocomposites can be used in environmental remediation, detailing major environmental issues, and key materials properties and existing polymers or nanomaterials that can solve these issues. The book covers the fundamental molecular structure of polymers used in environmental applications, the toxicology, economy and life-cycle analysis of polymer nanocomposites, and an analysis of potential future applications of these materials. Recent research and development in polymer nanocomposites has inspired the progress and use of novel and cost-effective environmental applications. Presents critical, actionable guidelines to the structure and property design of nanocomposites in environmental remediation Focuses on taking technology out of the lab and into the real world Summarizes the latest developments in polymer nanocomposites and their applications in catalytic degradation, adsorptive removal and detection of contaminants in the environment Enables researchers to stay ahead of the curve, with a full discussion of regulatory issues and potential new applications and materials in this area

Advanced Materials for the Conservation of Stone

Author: Majid Hosseini
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319722603
Format: PDF
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This book identifies novel advanced materials that can be utilized as protective agents for the preservation of stone. The innovative solutions to stone conservation presented here result in increased sustainability, reduced environmental impact, and increased social and economic benefits. It provides an overview of recent trends and progress in advanced materials applied to stone protection. It also explores the scientific principles behind these advanced materials and discusses their applications to diff erent types of stone preservation efforts. Essential information as well as knowledge on the availability and applicability of advanced nanostructured materials is also provided, with focus placed on the practical aspects of stone protection. Th e book highlights an interdisciplinary eff ort regarding novel applications of nanostructured materials in the advancement of stone protection. It provides insight towards forthcoming developments in the fi eld. Advanced nanostructured materials are designed and developed with the aim of being chemically, physically, and mechanically compatible with stone. Advanced materials for stone conservation that are characterized by several functional properties are considered in this book. These include the physico-chemical, protective, and morphological properties, eco-toxicity, and mechanisms of degradation. The authors present a thorough overview of cutting–edge discoveries, detailed information on recent technological developments, breakthroughs in novel nanomaterials, utilization strategies for applications in cultural heritage, and the current status and future outlook of the topic to address a wide range of scientific communities.

The Effects of Air Pollution on Cultural Heritage

Author: John Watt
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780387848938
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book reviews the sources of the air pollutants responsible for building damage and the mechanisms involved. Studies investigating the relationships between pollution concentration (dose) and the resulting damage (response) are described and the latest research findings for dose-response functions are presented. Trends in pollutant emissions, ambient concentrations and building damage over time are described and future predictions are presented. Methodologies for assessing the extent of the potential problem in a region – the stock at risk – are presented. Procedures for estimating the economic implications are described and the consequences are discussed in detail, because economic factors are important for reaching policy and management decisions at local, national and international scales. Damage to cultural heritage buildings is an important additional effect which needs to be considered as the standards are revised and the factors which will need to be brought into the assessment are presented.

Handbook of air pollution technology

Author: Seymour Calvert
Publisher: Wiley-Interscience
ISBN: 9780471082637
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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A practical, up-to-date handbook presenting the essential principles, design methods, examples, useful data, and guides to more information on air pollution and its control. Comprehensive in scope, it will aid engineers in the design of cost-effective air pollution control systems. Contributors provide a clear account of what can be done to solve a problem, and what the limitations are.