Urban Theory and the Urban Experience

Author: Simon Parker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136332413
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Urban Theory and the Urban Experience brings together classic and contemporary approaches to urban research in order to reveal the intellectual origins of urban studies and the often unacknowledged debt that empirical and theoretical perspectives on the city owe one another. From the foundations of modern urban theory in the work of Weber, Simmel, Benjamin and Lefebbvre to the writings of contemporary urban theorists such as David Harvey and Manuel Castells and the Los Angeles school of urbanism, Urban Theory and the Urban Experience traces the key developments in the idea of the city over more than a century. Individual chapters explore investigative studies of the great metropolis from Charles Booth to the contemporary urban research of William J. Wilson, along with alternative approaches to the industrial city, ranging from the Garden City Movement to ‘the new urbanism’. The volume also considers the impact of new information and communication technologies, and the growing trend towards disaggregated urban networks, all of which raise important questions about viability and physical and social identity of the conventional townscape. Urban Theory and the Urban Experience concludes with a rallying cry for a more holistic and integrated approach to the urban question in theory and in practice if the rich potent. For the benefit of students and tutors, frequent question points encourage exploration of key themes, and annotated further readings provide follow-up sources for the issues raised in each chapter. The book will be of interest to students, scholars, practitioners and all those who wish to learn more about why the urban has become the dominant social, economic and cultural form of the twenty-first century

Die Gro st dte und das Geistesleben

Author: Georg Simmel
Publisher: Musaicum Books
ISBN: 802721386X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben ist ein 1903 erschienener Aufsatz des Soziologen Georg Simmel, mit dem dieser die Grundlagen der Stadtsoziologie schuf. Das tiefste Problem des modernen Lebens ist nach Georg Simmel der Anspruch des Individuums nach der Selbstständigkeit und Eigenart seines Daseins gegen die Übermächte der Gesellschaft, das geschichtlich Ererbte der äußerlichen Kultur und Technik des Lebens zu bewahren. Der Großstädter ist - im Gegensatz zum Kleinstädter - einer "Steigerung des Nervenlebens" ausgesetzt. Darin besteht die Basis für den Typus großstädtischer Individualität. Georg Simmel (1858-1918) war ein deutscher Philosoph und Soziologe. Er leistete wichtige Beiträge zur Kulturphilosophie, war Begründer der "formalen Soziologie" und der Konfliktsoziologie. Simmel stand in der Tradition der Lebensphilosophie, aber auch der des Neukantianismus.

New York and Toronto Novels after Postmodernism

Author: Caroline Rosenthal
Publisher: Camden House
ISBN: 1571134891
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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First comparative study of urban fiction in the US and Canada investigates representations of the urban after postmodernism in two New York and two Toronto novels.

Cities Politics Power

Author: Simon Parker
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1134214308
Format: PDF, Docs
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Traditionally, the study of ‘power in the city’ was confined to the institutions of urban government and the actors involved in contesting and making political decisions in and for metropolitan societies. Increasingly, however, attention has turned to the function of the city not only as a centre of urban governance but as a major economic, social, cultural and strategic force in its own right. Cities, Politics and Power combines this traditional concern with how the cities in which we live are organized and run with a broader focus on cities and urban regions as multiple sites and agents of power. This book is divided into five sections, with a short introduction outlining the argument and organisation of the text. Part two charts the development of the urban polity and considers the ways in which coercion and force continue to be used to segregate, oppress and annihilate urban populations. Part three critically examines the key collective actors and processes that compete for and organise political power within cities, and how urban governance operates and interacts with lesser and greater scales of government and networks of power. Part four then explores the ways in which ‘the political’ is constituted by urban inhabitants, and how social identity, information and communication networks, and the natural and built environment all comprise intersecting fields of urban power. The conclusion calls for a broader theoretical and thematic approach to the study of urban politics. This book makes extensive use of comparative and historical case studies, providing broad coverage of politics and urban movements in both the Global North and the Global South, with a particular focus on the UK, USA, Canada, Latin America and China. It is written in an accessible and lucid style and provides suggestions for further reading at the end each chapter.

Tod und Leben gro er amerikanischer St dte

Author: Jane Jacobs
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 3035602123
Format: PDF, ePub
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In The Death and Life of Great American Cities durchleuchtet Jane Jacobs 1961 die fragwürdigen Methoden der Stadtplanung und Stadtsanierung in Amerika, der "New Yorker" nannte es das unkonventionellste und provozierendste Buch über Städtebau seit langem. Die deutsche Ausgabe wurde schnell auch im deutschsprachigem Raum zu einer viel gelesenen und diskutierten Lektüre. Sie ist jetzt wieder in einem Nachdruck zugänglich, mit einem Vorwort von Gerd Albers (1993), das nach der Aktualität dieser Streitschrift fragt.

Der Leib der Stadt

Author: Jürgen Hasse
Publisher: Verlag Herder GmbH
ISBN: 3495808035
Format: PDF, Docs
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Von manchen Metropolen wird gesagt, sie würden nie schlafen - von anderen Großstädten hingegen heißt es, abends würden in ihnen die Bürgersteige hochgeklappt. Mit dem Begriff des Leibes rückt die Lebendigkeit urbaner Räume in den Fokus. Was auf der Haut der Stadt geschieht und sich in ihrem Gesicht szenisch, situativ und performativ ausdrückt, wird an konkreten Orten großstädtischer Leibesinseln als herumräumliches und atmosphärisches Erleben spürbar. Auf dem Hintergrund einer phänomenologischen Reflexion der gelebten Stadt diskutiert der erste Teil des Buches einen vitalistischen Begriff von Urbanität. Danach konstituiert sich diese als großstädtische in bestimmter Weise rhythmisierte Lebendigkeit. Der zweite Teil skizziert eine Phänomenographie urbaner Räume im Medium des Bildes. An Beispielen aus der Geschichte der Fotografie des 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhunderts werden Wege der ästhetischen Explikation des Erlebens urbaner Situationen rekonstruiert. Damit stellt sich die Frage nach der Eignung der Fotografie als Ausdrucksmittel mitweltlichen Erlebens - als methodische Zwischenstation auf dem Weg einer phänomenologischen Selbstgewahrwerdung in Situationen des Urbanen. Das Buch schärft das Bewusstsein gegenüber den verschiedenen Formen subjektiver Teilhabe am Leben der Stadt.

Encountering the City

Author: Jonathan Darling
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317143957
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Encountering the City provides a new and sustained engagement with the concept of encounter. Drawing on cutting-edge theoretical work, classic writings on the city and rich empirical examples, this volume demonstrates why encounters are significant to urban studies, politically, philosophically and analytically. Bringing together a range of interests, from urban multiculture, systems of economic regulation, security and suspicion, to more-than-human geographies, soundscapes and spiritual experience, Encountering the City argues for a more nuanced understanding of how the concept of 'encounter' is used. This interdisciplinary collection thus provides an insight into how scholars' writing on and in the city mobilise, theorise and challenge the concept of encounter through empirical cases taken from Africa, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America and South America. These cases go beyond conventional accounts of urban conviviality, to demonstrate how encounters destabilise, rework and produce difference, fold together complex temporalities, materialise power and transform political relations. In doing so, the collection retains a critical eye on the forms of regulation, containment and inequality that shape the taking place of urban encounter. Encountering the City is a valuable resource for students and researchers alike.

Imagining Global Amsterdam

Author: Marco de Waard
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
ISBN: 9089643672
Format: PDF
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Imagining Global Amsterdam gaat over het beeld van Amsterdam in film, literatuur, visuele kunst en in het moderne stedelijke discours, in het bijzonder in de context van de mondialisering. De essays gaan onder andere dieper in op Amsterdam als een lieu de mémoire van de vroeg-moderne wereldhandel. Wat betekent deze herinnering in de hedendaagse cultuur? Waarom verwijzen zo veel contemporaine films en romans naar dit verleden terug? Ook het (inter)nationale imago van Amsterdam als een multicultureel en ultra-tolerant ‘%x;global village’%x; komt aan bod. Waarom is dit beeld zo persistent, en hoe heeft het zich in de loop van de laatste decennia ontwikkeld? Tot slot wordt ingegaan op de vraag hoe mondialiseringsprocessen ingrijpen in de stadscultuur, zoals in het prostitutiegebied op de Wallen en via de erfgoedindustrie. Hoe manifesteert de mondialisering zich in de stad, en welke rol speelt beeldvorming daarbij? Deze bundel vormt een rijk geschakeerd onderzoek naar de relatie tussen Amsterdam, mondialisering en stedelijke beeldvorming. Marco de Waard is als docent literatuurwetenschap verbonden aan het Amsterdam University College.

The Politics of the Encounter

Author: Andy Merrifield
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
ISBN: 082034530X
Format: PDF, Docs
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The Politics of the Encounter is a spirited interrogation of the city as a site of both theoretical inquiry and global social struggle. The city, writes Andy Merrifield, remains "important, virtually and materially, for progressive politics." And yet, he notes, more than forty years have passed since Henri Lefebvre advanced the powerful ideas that still undergird much of our thinking about urbanization and urban society. Merrifield rethinks the city in light of the vast changes to our planet since 1970, when Lefebvre's seminal Urban Revolution was first published. At the same time, he expands on Lefebvre's notion of "the right to the city," which was first conceived in the wake of the 1968 student uprising in Paris. We need to think less of cities as "entities with borders and clear demarcations between what's inside and what's outside" and emphasize instead the effects of "planetary urbanization," a concept of Lefebvre's that Merrifield makes relevant for the ways we now experience the urban. The city—from Tahrir Square to Occupy Wall Street—seems to be the critical zone in which a new social protest is unfolding, yet dissenters' aspirations are transcending the scale of the city physically and philosophically. Consequently, we must shift our perspective from "the right to the city" to "the politics of the encounter," says Merrifield. We must ask how revolutionary crowds form, where they draw their energies from, what kind of spaces they occur in—and what kind of new spaces they produce.