Value Added Assessment in Practice

Author: Daniel F. McCaffrey
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833044435
Format: PDF, Docs
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Value-added assessment (VAA) systems use statistical techniques to analyze test-score data; VAA data is intended to help educators make more informed decisions about curriculum and instruction. The authors examined the rollout of Pennsylvania's VAA program, and found that, in its pilot phase, the program had little effect on student achievement and received limited use by most principals and teachers at schools participating in the program.

How to Use Value Added Analysis to Improve Student Learning

Author: Kate Kennedy
Publisher: Corwin Press
ISBN: 1412996333
Format: PDF, Docs
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This book's five-step continuous improvement model shows how to transform schools with value-added analysis—the most robust, statistically significant method for measuring student learning over time.

I Got Schooled

Author: M. Night Shyamalan
Publisher: Simon and Schuster
ISBN: 1476716471
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In this vital new book, the famed filmmaker tells how his passion for education reform led him to learn that there are five tested, indispensable keys to transforming America’s underperforming schools. I Got Schooled offers a look at America’s educational achievement gap that could only have come from an outsider. Famed director M. Night Shyamalan has long had a serious interest in education. The founda­tion he and his wife started once gave college scholarships to promising inner-city students, but Shyamalan realized that these scholarships did nothing to improve education for all the other students in under-performing schools. When he learned that some schools were succeeding with similar student populations, he traveled across the country to find out how they did this and whether these schools had something in common. He eventually learned that there are five keys to closing America’s achievement gap. But just as we must do several things to maintain good health— eat the right foods, exercise regularly, get a good night’s sleep—so too must we use all five keys to turn around our lowest-performing schools. These five keys are used by all the schools that are succeeding, and no schools are succeeding without them. Before he discovered them, Shyamalan investigated some popular reform ideas that proved to be dead ends, such as smaller class size, truculent unions, and merit pay for teachers. He found that the biggest obstacle to school reform is cognitive biases: too many would-be reformers have committed themselves to false solutions. This is a deeply personal book by an unbiased observer determined to find out what works and why so that we as a nation can fulfill our obliga­tion to give every student an opportunity for a good education.

Getting to Work on Summer Learning

Author: Catherine H. Augustine
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833081349
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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RAND is conducting a longitudinal study that evaluates the effectiveness of voluntary summer learning programs in reducing summer learning loss, which contributes substantially to the achievement gap between low- and higher-income students. Based on evaluations of programs in six school districts, this second report in a series provides research-based advice for school district leaders as they create and strengthen summer programs.

Competency Based Education in Three Pilot Programs

Author: Jennifer L. Steele
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Competency-based education provides students with flexible pacing and opportunities for choice, and it awards credit for evidence of learning. RAND evaluated implementation of three pilot programs, along with students experiences and performance."

Getting Value Out of Value Added

Author: Committee on Value-Added Methodology for Instructional Improvement, Program Evaluation, and Accountability
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309148138
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Value-added methods refer to efforts to estimate the relative contributions of specific teachers, schools, or programs to student test performance. In recent years, these methods have attracted considerable attention because of their potential applicability for educational accountability, teacher pay-for-performance systems, school and teacher improvement, program evaluation, and research. Value-added methods involve complex statistical models applied to test data of varying quality. Accordingly, there are many technical challenges to ascertaining the degree to which the output of these models provides the desired estimates. Despite a substantial amount of research over the last decade and a half, overcoming these challenges has proven to be very difficult, and many questions remain unanswered--at a time when there is strong interest in implementing value-added models in a variety of settings. The National Research Council and the National Academy of Education held a workshop, summarized in this volume, to help identify areas of emerging consensus and areas of disagreement regarding appropriate uses of value-added methods, in an effort to provide research-based guidance to policy makers who are facing decisions about whether to proceed in this direction.

Lessons from New American Schools Scale up Phase

Author: Susan J. Bodilly
Publisher: Minnesota Historical Society
ISBN: 9780833026323
Format: PDF, ePub
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In 1991, New American Schools (NAS) was established to help schools transform themselves into high-performing organizations. Findings drawn from an implementation analysis of the first 2 years (1995-1997) of a 5-year plan are reported in this book. The plan involved an NAS partnership with 10 jurisdictions, its goal being to increase the number of schools within jurisdictions that adopted NAS designs to improve student performance. The key questions were: "Did schools implement the designs and to what extent?" and "Why did some schools make more progress than others toward implementation goals?" For the study, 40 schools in 7 districts were evaluated using document reviews, interviews of school and district staff, and the observation of school activities. With these data, each school's implementation level was assessed against the particular design being adopted. Results show significant variation in implementation, which ranged from no implementation to advanced stages of planning, piloting, implementing, and fulfilling. Approximately 50 percent of the schools were at the implementing and fulfilling levels. Of the 33 schools that had been implementing for 2 years, 18 were at the 2 highest levels. Various influences on implementation, such as school climate, design and team factors, school structural and site factors, and jurisdictional and institutional factors, are detailed. (RJM)

Standards Based Accountability Under No Child Left Behind

Author: Laura S. Hamilton
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 083304270X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Since 2001-2002, standards-based accountability provisions of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 have shaped the work of public school teachers and administrators in the United States. This book sheds light on how accountability policies have been translated into actions at the district, school, and classroom levels in three states.

Methodology for Improving the Planning Execution and Assessment of Intelligence Surveillance and Reconnaissance Operations

Author:
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 9780833041715
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Lingel et al. present alternative methods to approach U.S. Air Force intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance (ISR) tasking and the command and control processes and assess the outcome of different information-collection strategies. They develop new assessment techniques and operational strategies to improve the use of ISR assets in dynamic environments.