Variational Methods in the Mechanics of Solids

Author: S. Nemat-Nasser
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483145832
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Variational Methods in the Mechanics of Solids contains the proceedings of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics Symposium on Variational Methods in the Mechanics of Solids, held at Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois, on September 11-13, 1978. The papers focus on advances in the application of variational methods to a variety of mathematically and technically significant problems in solid mechanics. The discussions are organized around three themes: thermomechanical behavior of composites, elastic and inelastic boundary value problems, and elastic and inelastic dynamic problems. This book is comprised of 58 chapters and opens by addressing some questions of asymptotic expansions connected with composite and with perforated materials. The following chapters explore mathematical and computational methods in plasticity; variational irreversible thermodynamics of open physical-chemical continua; macroscopic behavior of elastic material with periodically spaced rigid inclusions; and application of the Lanczos method to structural vibration. Finite deformation of elastic beams and complementary theorems of solid mechanics are also considered, along with numerical contact elastostatics; periodic solutions in plasticity and viscoplasticity; and the convergence of the mixed finite element method in linear elasticity. This monograph will appeal to practitioners of mathematicians as well as theoretical and applied mechanics.

Energy Principles and Variational Methods in Applied Mechanics

Author: J. N. Reddy
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1119087376
Format: PDF, Docs
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A comprehensive guide to using energy principles and variational methods for solving problems in solid mechanics This book provides a systematic, highly practical introduction to the use of energy principles, traditional variational methods, and the finite element method for the solution of engineering problems involving bars, beams, torsion, plane elasticity, trusses, and plates. It begins with a review of the basic equations of mechanics, the concepts of work and energy, and key topics from variational calculus. It presents virtual work and energy principles, energy methods of solid and structural mechanics, Hamilton’s principle for dynamical systems, and classical variational methods of approximation. And it takes a more unified approach than that found in most solid mechanics books, to introduce the finite element method. Featuring more than 200 illustrations and tables, this Third Edition has been extensively reorganized and contains much new material, including a new chapter devoted to the latest developments in functionally graded beams and plates. Offers clear and easy-to-follow descriptions of the concepts of work, energy, energy principles and variational methods Covers energy principles of solid and structural mechanics, traditional variational methods, the least-squares variational method, and the finite element, along with applications for each Provides an abundance of examples, in a problem-solving format, with descriptions of applications for equations derived in obtaining solutions to engineering structures Features end-of-the-chapter problems for course assignments, a Companion Website with a Solutions Manual, Instructor's Manual, figures, and more Energy Principles and Variational Methods in Applied Mechanics, Third Edition is both a superb text/reference for engineering students in aerospace, civil, mechanical, and applied mechanics, and a valuable working resource for engineers in design and analysis in the aircraft, automobile, civil engineering, and shipbuilding industries.

Variational Incremental and Energy Methods in Solid Mechanics and Shell Theory

Author: J. Mason
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483289648
Format: PDF, ePub
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Studies in Applied Mechanics, 4: Variational, Incremental, and Energy Methods in Solid Mechanics and Shell Theory covers the subject of variational, incremental, and energy methods in Solid Mechanics and Shell Theory from a general standpoint, employing general coordinates and tensor notations. The publication first ponders on mathematical preliminaries, kinematics and stress in three-dimensional solid continua, and the first and second laws of thermodynamics. Discussions focus on the principles of virtual displacements and virtual forces, kinematics of rigid body motions, incremental stresses, kinematics of incremental deformation, description of motion, coordinates, reference and deformed states, tensor formulas for surfaces, and differentials and derivatives of operators. The text then elaborates on constitutive material laws, deformation and stress in shells, first law of thermodynamics applied to shells, and constitutive relations and material laws for shells. Concerns cover hyperelastic incremental material relations, material laws for thin elastic shells, incremental theory and stability, reduced and local forms of the first law of thermodynamics, and description of deformation and motion in shells. The book examines elastic stability, finite element models, variational and incremental principles, variational principles of elasticity and shell theory, and constitutive relations and material laws for shells. The publication is a valuable reference for researchers interested in the variational, incremental, and energy methods in solid mechanics and shell theory.

Variational Methods in Theoretical Mechanics

Author: John Tinsley Oden
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364268811X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This is a textbook written for use in a graduate-level course for students of mechanics and engineering science. It is designed to cover the essential features of modern variational methods and to demonstrate how a number of basic mathematical concepts can be used to produce a unified theory of variational mechanics. As prerequisite to using this text, we assume that the student is equipped with an introductory course in functional analysis at a level roughly equal to that covered, for example, in Kolmogorov and Fomin (Functional Analysis, Vol. I, Graylock, Rochester, 1957) and possibly a graduate-level course in continuum mechanics. Numerous references to supplementary material are listed throughout the book. We are indebted to Professor Jim Douglas of the University of Chicago, who read an earlier version of the manuscript and whose detailed suggestions were extremely helpful in preparing the final draft. We also gratefully acknowedge that much of our own research work on va ri at i ona 1 theory was supported by the U. S. Ai r Force Offi ce of Scientific Research. We are indebted to Mr. Ming-Goei Sheu for help in proofreading. Finally, we wish to express thanks to Mrs. Marilyn Gude for her excellent and painstaking job of typing the manuscript. This revised edition contains only minor revisions of the first. Some misprints and errors have been corrected, and some sections were deleted, which were felt to be out of date.

Variational Models and Methods in Solid and Fluid Mechanics

Author: Francesco dell'Isola
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3709109833
Format: PDF, ePub
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F. dell'Isola, L. Placidi: Variational principles are a powerful tool also for formulating field theories. - F. dell'Isola, P. Seppecher, A. Madeo: Beyond Euler-Cauchy Continua. The structure of contact actions in N-th gradient generalized continua: a generalization of the Cauchy tetrahedron argument. - B. Bourdin, G.A. Francfort: Fracture. - S. Gavrilyuk: Multiphase flow modeling via Hamilton's principle. - V. L. Berdichevsky: Introduction to stochastic variational problems. - A. Carcaterra: New concepts in damping generation and control: theoretical formulation and industrial applications. - F. dell'Isola, P. Seppecher, A. Madeo: Fluid shock wave generation at solid-material discontinuity surfaces in porous media. Variational methods give an efficient and elegant way to formulate and solve mathematical problems that are of interest to scientists and engineers. In this book three fundamental aspects of the variational formulation of mechanics will be presented: physical, mathematical and applicative ones. The first aspect concerns the investigation of the nature of real physical problems with the aim of finding the best variational formulation suitable to those problems. The second aspect is the study of the well-posedeness of those mathematical problems which need to be solved in order to draw previsions from the formulated models. And the third aspect is related to the direct application of variational analysis to solve real engineering problems.

Solid Mechanics

Author: Clive L. Dym
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461460344
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Solid Mechanics: A Variational Approach, Augmented Edition presents a lucid and thoroughly developed approach to solid mechanics for students engaged in the study of elastic structures not seen in other texts currently on the market. This work offers a clear and carefully prepared exposition of variational techniques as they are applied to solid mechanics. Unlike other books in this field, Dym and Shames treat all the necessary theory needed for the study of solid mechanics and include extensive applications. Of particular note is the variational approach used in developing consistent structural theories and in obtaining exact and approximate solutions for many problems. Based on both semester and year-long courses taught to undergraduate seniors and graduate students, this text is geared for programs in aeronautical, civil, and mechanical engineering, and in engineering science. The authors’ objective is two-fold: first, to introduce the student to the theory of structures (one- and two-dimensional) as developed from the three-dimensional theory of elasticity; and second, to introduce the student to the strength and utility of variational principles and methods, including briefly making the connection to finite element methods. A complete set of homework problems is included.

Computational Solid Mechanics

Author: Marco L. Bittencourt
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1482246538
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Presents a Systematic Approach for Modeling Mechanical Models Using Variational Formulation—Uses Real-World Examples and Applications of Mechanical Models Utilizing material developed in a classroom setting and tested over a 12-year period, Computational Solid Mechanics: Variational Formulation and High-Order Approximation details an approach that establishes a logical sequence for the treatment of any mechanical problem. Incorporating variational formulation based on the principle of virtual work, this text considers various aspects of mechanical models, explores analytical mechanics and their variational principles, and presents model approximations using the finite element method. It introduces the basics of mechanics for one-, two-, and three-dimensional models, emphasizes the simplification aspects required in their formulation, and provides relevant applications. Introduces Approximation Concepts Gradually throughout the Chapters Organized into ten chapters, this text provides a clear separation of formulation and finite element approximation. It details standard procedures to formulate and approximate models, while at the same time illustrating their application via software. Chapter one provides a general introduction to variational formulation and an overview of the mechanical models to be presented in the other chapters. Chapter two uses the concepts on equilibrium that readers should have to introduce basic notions on kinematics, duality, virtual work, and the PVW. Chapters three to ten present mechanical models, approximation and applications to bars, shafts, beams, beams with shear, general two- and three-dimensional beams, solids, plane models, and generic torsion and plates. Learn Theory Step by Step In each chapter, the material profiles all aspects of a specific mechanical model, and uses the same sequence of steps for all models. The steps include kinematics, strain, rigid body deformation, internal loads, external loads, equilibrium, constitutive equations, and structural design. The text uses MATLAB® scripts to calculate analytic and approximated solutions of the considered mechanical models. Computational Solid Mechanics: Variational Formulation and High Order Approximation presents mechanical models, their main hypothesis, and applications, and is intended for graduate and undergraduate engineering students taking courses in solid mechanics.

The Variational Principles of Mechanics

Author: Cornelius Lanczos
Publisher: Courier Corporation
ISBN: 0486134709
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Philosophic, less formalistic approach to analytical mechanics offers model of clear, scholarly exposition at graduate level with coverage of basics, calculus of variations, principle of virtual work, equations of motion, more.