Vascular Innervation and Receptor Mechanisms

Author: Rolf Uddman
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0323148077
Format: PDF, Docs
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Vascular Innervation and Receptor Mechanisms: New Perspectives reviews the areas of structure, function, and pathophysiology of the circulatory system. The text focuses on the role of neuropeptides and structural function of endothelium. The book begins with a brief discussion on the background of autonomic and sensory nerves in the circulatory system, which is provided in Chapter 1. Having established the basic studies in the circulatory system, the book moves to the discussion on the analysis of peptidergic innervations and peptides in vascular control in various disorders. The last part of the book features the clinical applications of neuropeptides, perivascular peptides, and vasoactive peptides in different diseases and regulation, such as cardiovascular regulation, hypertension, congestive heart failure, and migraine and cluster headache. The text will be a good reference to both students and professionals in the fields of biology, chemistry, and medicine.

Control of the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems in Health and Disease

Author: C. Tissa Kappagoda
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1461518954
Format: PDF, Mobi
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On April 8-9, 1994, a symposium entitled Control of the Cardiovascular and Respiratory Systems in Health and Disease was held at the University of California Davis Medical Center in Sacramento. The purpose of this symposium was to honor the careers of Professors Hazel M. and John C. G. Coleridge. Participants in this symposium came from throughout the world. Their attendance at the symposium was a symbol of great respect and affection for the honorees. The Professors Coleridge have made many important contribu tions to the scientific literature concerning neural control of the cardiovascular and respira tory systems. In addition, they have made remarkable contributions to the lives of other scientists working in this field of investigation. Some of us have known them as mentors, counselors, friends, and supervisors; others have known them as co-investigators. Most importantly, all of us have known them as friends. This book, which contains the proceedings of the symposium, is dedicated to Hazel and John Coleridge. C. T. Kappagoda M. P. Kaufman v ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We wish to acknowledge the financial support of the following agencies for making this symposium a reality: • Astra Merck Group (Tarek Ackad, M. D. , Ph. D. ) • Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Ms. Kathryn B. Lucas and Mr. Allan Holloway) • Bristol-Myers Squibb (David L. Cram, Jr. , Pharm. D. ) • Marion/Merrrell Dow, Inc. (Mr. Brian Scheffield) • Merck and Company (Mr. Johnathan Sakakibara) • Pfizer Laboratories (Mr.

Modern Visualisation of the Endothelium

Author: J M Polak
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789057022944
Format: PDF, Kindle
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There can no longer be any doubt that the endothelium represents a very active tissue and is not, as had previously been thought, merely an inert lining material. On the contrary, the endothelium exerts a powerful influence on its environs through the release of multiple regulatory factors such as nitric oxide, endothelium derived hyperpolarizing factor and endothelin. It is therefore crucial to our understanding of the cardiovascular system that we are able to visualize the endothelial layer at the molecular level. Quantitative morphological studies permit visualization at this level, allowing the assessment of the changes that occur in the disease state. Modern methods of computerized image analysis have been applied to reconstruct the endothelial layer in three-dimensions - detecting even the most subtle of changes. Within these covers, an integrated text has been gathered by experts in each of their fields. They detail the latest technical and conceptual advances in the visualization of endothelium, its production of regulatory molecules and pathological changes.

Vascular Medicine

Author: Mark A. Creager
Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences
ISBN: 0721602843
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Make the most of today's innovative medical therapies, advances in vascular imaging, and new drugs to improve your patients' cardiovascular health with Vascular Medicine, 2nd Edition. This comprehensive, clinically focused volume in the Braunwald's Heart Disease family provides an in-depth, state-of-the-art review of all vascular diseases, with an emphasis on pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management - giving you the evidence-based guidance you need to make appropriate therapeutic decisions on behalf of your patients. Gain a state-of-the-art understanding of the pathophysiology, diagnosis, and management of arterial disease, venous disease, lymph dysfunction, connective tissue disease, vascular disease, and vascular manifestations of systemic disease. Benefit from the knowledge and experience of Dr. Mark A. Creager (editor of the Vascular Medicine society journal), Dr. Joshua A. Beckman, and Dr. Joseph Loscalzo, and benefit from their practice rationales for all of today's clinical therapies. Easily reference Braunwald's Heart Disease, 9th Edition for further information on topics of interest. Get up-to-date information on new combination drug therapies and management of chronic complications of hypertension. Learn the best methods for aggressive patient management and disease prevention to ensure minimal risk of further cardiovascular problems. Stay current with ACC/AHA and ECC guidelines and the best ways to implement them in clinical practice. Enhance your visual perspective with an all-new, full-color design throughout. Utilize behavior management as an integral part of treatment for your hypertensive and pre-hypertensive patients. Effectively manage special populations with chronic hypertensive disease, as well as hypertension and concomitant disease. Access the complete contents online and download images at www.expertconsult.com.

Central Nervous Control of Autonomic Function

Author: Barry Jordan
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9783718651412
Format: PDF, ePub
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Each of nine contributions presents an overview of the nervous control of autonomic outflow to a particular organ or system, while maintaining an integrated approach to describing the simultaneous control of several outflows in response to different physiological situations. The authors describe a neurophysiological, neuropharmacological, and neuroanatomical approach to problems. Reference to relevant studies in humans, as well as animal work, is also provided. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Microcirculation

Author: Ronald F. Tuma
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780080569932
Format: PDF
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This reference is a volume in the Handbook of Physiology, co-published with The American Physiological Society. Growth in knowledge about the microcirculation has been explosive with the field becoming fragmented into numerous subdisciplines and subspecialties. This volume pulls all of the critical information into one volume. Meticulously edited and reviewed. Benefit: Provides investigators a unique tool to explore the significance of their findings in the context of other aspects of the microcirculation. In this way, the updated edition has a direct role in helping to develop new pathways of research and scholarship Highlights the explosive growth in knowledge about the microcirculation including the biology of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), endothelial cell signaling, angiogenesis, cell adhesion molecules, lymphocyte trafficking, ion channels and receptors, and propagated vasomotor responses. Benefit: Microcirculatory biology has become fragmented into numerous sub-disciplines and subspecialties, and these reference reintegrates the information in one volume

Central Adrenaline Neurons

Author: Kjell Fuxe
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483154696
Format: PDF
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Central Adrenaline Neurons: Basic Aspects and their Role in Cardiovascular Functions contains the proceedings of an international symposium held at The Wenner-Oren Center, Stockholm on August 27-28, 1979. The purpose of the meeting is to summarize the knowledge of central adrenaline neurons and their role in cardiovascular functions. Organized into four sections, this book begins with a discussion on the morphology, biochemistry, and pharmacology of central adrenaline neurons. Subsequent sections detail the cardiovascular functions of central catecholamine neurons and the effects of centrally acting drugs on sympathetic function in normotensive and hypertensive patients. An overview lecture of the concept of α- and β-adrenergic receptors is also shown.

New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue

Author: A. Cryer
Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann
ISBN: 1483163970
Format: PDF
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New Perspectives in Adipose Tissue: Structure, Function and Development reviews the state of knowledge on adipose tissue. The book begins with discussions of the anatomy and morphology of adipose tissue. This is followed by separate chapters on the nervous control of circulation and metabolism in white adipose tissue; hormonal regulation of biosynthetic activities in white adipose tissue; hormonal control of lipid degradation; and plasma membrane properties and receptors in white adipose tissue. Subsequent chapters cover topics such as lipoproteins and adipose tissue; brown adipose tissue thermogenesis and energy balance in animals and man; methodological approaches to the study of the adipose tissues; adipose tissue growth following lipectomy; the adipocyte precursor cell; and adipose tissue dysfunction and its consequences. In addition to being authoritative source material, the chapters presented in this book are wide in their coverage and appeal.

New Insights to Neuroimmune Biology

Author: Istvan Berczi
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780123846921
Format: PDF, ePub
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New Insights to Neuroimmune Biology investigates the mechanisms that and functions of the Neuroimmune Regulatory Supersystem. Covering molecular regulation of cytokines in brain astrocytes, immunoregulation by the sympathetic nervous system, circadian regulation of immune reactions, antigen recognition by the CNS, the modulation of the immune response by head injury, neurogenic inflammation, the role of tachykinins in asthma and allergic disease, defence and defeat reactions, cytokines, behavior and affective disorders, increased activity of type 1 helper T cell functions after reward stimulation. This book has relevance to the entire scientific community in Biology, Medicine and Veterinary medicine as it discusses molecular, cellular, organic and systemic aspects as well as the physological, pathophysiological and behavioral mechnisms which are involved in Neuroimmiune Biology.

Central Neural Mechanisms in Cardiovascular Regulation

Author: KUNOS
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 1468491849
Format: PDF, Mobi
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High blood pressure disease is one of the most prevalent pathological conditions in modem society with potentially serious consequences. During the last two decades major progress has been made in the development of rational approaches to the treatment of high blood pressure. A key factor in this progress has been an increase in our understanding of how the brain controls blood pressure. The chapters in the present book, together with those in a previous volume, provide a broad overview of recent progress in our knowledge of the central neural mechanisms involved in the regulation of the cardiovascular system. It is our hope that these essays by leading experts in the field will not only provide a useful source of information, but will also stimulate inquiry leading to new discoveries in this critically important field of research. George Kunos John Ciriello vii List of Contributors Jeffrey J. Anderson, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, Indiana 46208, USA Katsuyuki Ando, Fourth Department of Internal Medicine, University of Tokyo School of Medicine, Tokyo 112, Japan Jaideep S. Bains, Department of Physiology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7L 3N6 Kathleen H. Berecek, Department of Physiology and Biophysics and the Vascular Biology and Hypertension Program, The University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama 35294, USA Vernon S. Bishop, Department of Physiology, The University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas 78284-7756, USA P. A.