Verification in an Age of Insecurity

Author: Philip O'Neill
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0195389263
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Verification in an Age of Insecurity takes the reader into some of the most urgent arms control issues facing the world community, including the nuclear activities of rogue states and threats from sophisticated non-state actors. In the book, national security expert Philip D. O'Neill, Jr. identifies and addresses issues from the resuscitated disarmament agenda, from the comprehensive test ban to fissile material and biological weapons. O'Neill examines the need for shifts in verification standards and policy suitable for our volatile era and beyond it. He surveys recent history to show how established verification procedures fail to produce the certainty necessary to meet today's threats. Verification in an Age of Insecurity goes beyond a discussion of rogue states like North Korea to offer suggestions on how best to bring compliance policy up to date with modern threats.

International Commercial Arbitration

Author: Philip D. O'Neill, Jr.
Publisher: West Academic
ISBN: 9780314275851
Format: PDF
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This new textbook on international commercial arbitration, explores the process from inception in the contractual drafting stage, through the mechanics of the dispute resolution process, to the enforcement stage, with some consideration of other alternative dispute resolution techniques. The original case studies and related materials are largely drawn from actual practice. The materials are designed to equip a new generation for the tasks of cross-border dispute resolution. They are as useful for teaching future corporate attorneys who will be drafting contracts and managing disputes, to the aspiring advocates who will handle the fights. The materials explore not only the theoretical foundations of the private dispute resolution process and applicable law, but also offer dozens of case studies. Each of those studies serves to promote informed student development of practical skills applied in lessons from real world problems. The materials are particularly user-friendly to adjunct professors who also practice in the field a perfect blend of theory and practice for today's student and teacher alike.

Biotechnology Research in an Age of Terrorism

Author: Committee on Research Standards and Practices to Prevent the Destructive Application of Biotechnology
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309089778
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In recent years much has happened to justify an examination of biological research in light of national security concerns. The destructive application of biotechnology research includes activities such as spreading common pathogens or transforming them into even more lethal forms. Policymakers and the scientific community at large must put forth a vigorous and immediate response to this challenge. This new book by the National Research Council recommends that the government expand existing regulations and rely on self-governance by scientists rather than adopt intrusive new policies. One key recommendation of the report is that the government should not attempt to regulate scientific publishing but should trust scientists and journals to screen their papers for security risks, a task some journals have already taken up. With biological information and tools widely distributed, regulating only U.S. researchers would have little effect. A new International Forum on Biosecurity should encourage the adoption of similar measures around the world. Seven types of risky studies would require approval by the Institutional Biosafety Committees that already oversee recombinant DNA research at some 400 U.S. institutions. These "experiments of concern" include making an infectious agent more lethal and rendering vaccines powerless.

Maritime Terrorism

Author: Michael D. Greenberg
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833040308
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Policymakers have become increasingly concerned in recent years about the possibility of future maritime terrorist attacks. Though the historical occurrence of such attacks has been limited, recognition that maritime vessels and facilities may be particularly vulnerable to terrorism has galvanized concerns. In addition, some plausible maritime attacks could have very significant consequences, in the form of mass casualties, severe property damage, and attendant disruption of commerce. Understanding the nature of maritime terrorism risk requires an investigation of threats, vulnerabilities, and consequences associated with potential attacks, as grounded both by relevant historical data and by intelligence on the capabilities and intentions of known terrorist groups. These risks also provide the context for understanding government institutions that will respond to future attacks, and particularly so with regard to the U.S. civil justice system. In principle, civil liability operates to redistribute the harms associated with legally redressable claims, so that related costs are borne by the parties responsible for having caused them. In connection with maritime terrorism, civil liability creates the prospect that independent commercial defendants will be held responsible for damages caused by terrorist attacks. This book explores risks and U.S. civil liability rules as they may apply in the context of these types of attacks.

The Evolving Terrorist Threat to Southeast Asia

Author: Peter Chalk
Publisher: Rand Corporation
ISBN: 0833047590
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Building on prior RAND research analyzing the motives, drivers, and capabilities of the principal extremist groups operating in the Philippines, southern Thailand, and Indonesia, this study examined the historical roots of militancy in these countries, the development and perpetuation of extremist ideological frameworks, and national and international government response efforts.

Shattered Lives

Author: Debbie Hillier
Publisher: Oxfam
ISBN: 9780855985226
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Summary: Med separat sammanfattning.

The 9 11 Commission Report

Author: National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States
Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company
ISBN: 9780393060416
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Provides the final report of the 9/11 Commission detailing their findings on the September 11 terrorist attacks.

Abolishing Nuclear Weapons

Author: George Perkovich
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1351225960
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Nuclear disarmament is firmly back on the international agenda. But almost all current thinking on the subject is focused on the process of reducing the number of weapons from thousands to hundreds. This rigorous analysis examines the challenges that exist to abolishing nuclear weapons completely, and suggests what can be done now to start overcoming them. The paper argues that the difficulties of 'getting to zero' must not preclude many steps being taken in that direction. It thus begins by examining steps that nuclear-armed states could take in cooperation with others to move towards a world in which the task of prohibiting nuclear weapons could be realistically envisaged. The remainder of the paper focuses on the more distant prospect of prohibiting nuclear weapons, beginning with the challenge of verifying the transition from low numbers to zero. It moves on to examine how the civilian nuclear industry could be managed in a nuclear-weapons-free world so as to prevent rearmament. The paper then considers what political-security conditions would be required to make a nuclear-weapons ban enforceable and explores how enforcement might work in practice. Finally, it addresses the latent capability to produce nuclear weapons that would inevitably exist after abolition, and asks whether this is a barrier to disarmament, or whether it can be managed to meet the security needs of a world newly free of the bomb.

A Future Arms Control Agenda

Author: Ian Anthony
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780199245055
Format: PDF
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The Nobel Symposium on A Future Arms Control Agenda was organized by SIPRI to consider how arms control can contribute to creating a cooperative security system based on the peaceful resolution of disputes and the gradual demilitarization of international relations. The proceedings of the symposium include comprehensive discussions of the new normative and structural elements of the post-cold war global security system and the objectives and limits of arms control within that evolving system. Special attention is given to the changing roles and responsibilities of the major powers in arms control efforts. The role of transparency, verification and safeguards measures in arms control arrangements is analysed by a number of contributors. The subregional aspects of arms control are examined, in particular the uses of arms control instruments in conflict resolution and post-conflict settlement efforts. Approaches to enforcing norms codified in arms control treaties are considered,as are the international community's responses to activities by treaty parties which are judged to be contrary to those norms. The Nobel Foundation's Symposium programme was initiated in 1965. The symposia have achieved a high standing and play a significant role in the international exchange of knowledge and experience. They are devoted to scientific or scholarly disciplines related to the Nobel Prize areas. The symposia are sponsored by the Nobel Foundation through its Nobel Symposium Fund.

The Terrorism Threat and U S Government Response

Author: James M. Smith
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781410212788
Format: PDF, ePub
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CONTENTS Foreword: Twenty-First Century Terrorism Terrorism Threat and Response: A Policy Perspective The Terrorist Threat The Terrorist Threat in Strategic Context The Changing Nature of Terrorism WMD Terrorism: Hype or Reality The Cyber Threat Prevention, Preemption, Deterrence, and Denial Domestic Preemption Combating International Terrorism Antiterrorism Via Counterproliferation Intelligence Responding to and Organizing for Terrorism The Military's Response to Domestic WMD Terrorism International Incident Response Organizing to Combat 21st Century Terrorism Epilogue: A Terrorism Agenda for the United States About the Contributors