Viking Laval and Beyond

Author: Mark Freedland
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782255354
Format: PDF, Mobi
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EU Law in the Member States is a new series dedicated to exploring the impact of landmark CJEU judgments and secondary legislation in legal systems across the European Union. Each book will be written by a team of generalist EU lawyers and experts in the relevant field, bringing together perspectives from a wide range of different Member States in order to compare and analyse the effect of EU law on domestic legal systems and practice. The first volume focuses on the uneasy relationship between the economic freedoms enshrined in Articles 49 and 56 TFEU and the right of workers to take collective action. This conflict has been at the forefront of EU labour law since the CJEU's much-discussed decisions in C-438/05 Viking and C-341/05 Laval, as well as the Commission's more recent attempts at legislative reforms in the failed Monti II Regulation. Viking, Laval and Beyond explores judicial and legislative responses to these measures in 10 Member States, and finds that the impact on domestic legal systems has been much more varied than traditional accounts of EU law would suggest.

Zur Bedeutung der Horizontalwirkung von EU Grundrechten

Author: Christopher Unseld
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck
ISBN: 3161558189
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Die verfassungsgerichtliche Rechtsprechung zur grundgesetzlichen Drittwirkung von Grundrechten nimmt fur sich in Anspruch, den Schutz des Individuums vor einer unangemessenen Ausbeutung durch wirtschaftlich ubermachtige Akteure auszuweiten. Sie sieht sich deswegen als Gegenspielerin eines ungezugelten Vorrangs der Okonomie. Dieser Annahme stellt sich Christopher Unseld entgegen. Nach seiner These befeuert die unbeschrankte Horizontalwirkung von Grundrechten eine okonomisch impragnierte Abwagung. Indem das Recht unser Leben rational durchdekliniert, wird es zu einer im Allgemeinen nicht mehr greifbaren Masse. Dies verdeutlicht der Autor auf Grundlage der Gouvernementalitatsschriften Michel Foucaults einerseits und eines ausfuhrlichen Rechtsvergleichs - mit der Rechtsprechung des US Supreme Court und des Gerichtshofs der Europaischen Union (EuGH) - andererseits. Die abwagungs- und horizontalwirkungsfreundliche Rechtsprechung des EuGH erscheint dabei in einem neuen Licht.

Air Passenger Rights

Author: Michal Bobek
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 178225952X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Regulation 261/2004 on Air Passengers' Rights has been amongst the most high-profile pieces of EU secondary legislation of the past years, generating controversial judgments of the Court of Justice, from C-344/04 ex parte IATA to C-402/07 Sturgeon. The Regulation has led to equally challenging decisions across the Member States, ranging from judicial enthusiasm for passenger rights to domestic courts holding that a Regulation could not be relied upon by an individual claimant or even threatening outright to refuse to apply its provisions. The economic stakes are significant for passengers and airlines alike, and despite the European Commission's recent publication of reform proposals, controversies appear far from settled. At the same time the Regulation should, according to the Treaty, have uniform, direct and general application in all the Member States of the Union. How, then, can this diversity be explained? What implications do the diverging national interpretations have for the EU's regulatory strategy at large? This book brings together leading experts in the field to present a series of case studies from 15 different Member States as well as the extra-territorial application of Regulation 261, combined with high-level analysis from the perspectives of Aviation law and EU law.

EU Industrial Relations V National Industrial Relations

Author: Mia Rönnmar
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041127704
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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1996 concerning the posting of workers in the framework of the provision of services, Official Journal L 18 of 21 January 1997, pp. 1-6. Directive 2006/123/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 on services in the international market, Official Journal L 376 of 27 December 2006, pp. 36-68. Judgement of the European Court of Justice Laval un Partneri Ltd v. Svenska Byggnadsarbetareforbundet, Case C-341/05 [2007] ECR I-000. Judgement of the European Court of Justice International Transport Workers' Federation v. Viking Line ABP, Case C-438/05 [2007] ECR I-000. Table of cases from the European Court of Justice. Index

Constitutionalization of European Private Law

Author: Hans Micklitz
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191020087
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In recent years the impact of human rights and fundamental rights on private law has risen in prominence and led to a whole series of detailed investigations. 'Constitutionalization of private law' is the flag under which most of the research on the increasing impact of national constitutional rights on national private legal orders is sailing. In the absence of a European Constitution, the constitutionalization of European private law suggests a process: constitutionalization instead of constituent power, demos, and the magic constitutional moment. The Charter of Fundamental Rights and the European Convention of Human Rights constitute the two pillars on which the transformation of European private law rests. This volume clearly demonstrates the change that has taken place, at the national and at the European level. Private law is no longer immune to the intrusion of fundamental and human rights. Whilst member states and the EU are driving the process by adopting ever more concrete and more comprehensive lists of human and fundamental rights, at the national, the European, and international level with overlapping contents, the true and key players in this development are the national and European courts. Contributions to this volume give this process a face and a direction, which is highlighted in the introduction by Hans-W. Micklitz.

The Autonomy of Labour Law

Author: Alan Bogg
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
ISBN: 1782254641
Format: PDF, Mobi
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To what extent is labour law an autonomous field of study? This book is based upon the papers written by a group of leading international scholars on this theme, delivered at a conference to mark Professor Mark Freedland's retirement from his teaching fellowship in Oxford. The chapters explore the boundaries and connections between labour law and other legal disciplines such as company law, competition law, contract law and public law; labour law and legal methodologies such as reflexive governance and comparative law; and labour law and other disciplines such as ethics, economics and political philosophy. In so doing, it represents a cross-section of the most sophisticated current work at the cutting edge of labour law theory.

National Identity in EU Law

Author: Elke Cloots
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191053503
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Despite nearly sixty years of European integration, neither nations nor national loyalties have withered away. On the contrary, national identity rhetoric seems on the rise, not only in politics but also in legal discourse. Lately we have seen a rise in the number of Member States invoking their national identity in an attempt to justify a derogation from a requirement imposed on them by a Treaty article or an EU legislative act, or to legitimize a particular national reading of such an EU norm. Despite this, the European Court of Justice (ECJ) has yet to develop a coherent approach to such arguments, or express a vision of the role national identity should play in EU law. Elke Cloots undertakes this task by providing a principled and coherent scheme for the adjudication of disputes involving claims based on the national identity of a Member State. Should arguments involving national identity be legally relevant? If yes, how should the ECJ approach such identity-related interests? Cloots crafts a normative framework to assist the ECJ in striking the right balance between European integration and respect for the identity concerns at issue. The book combines rigorous theoretical inquiry with thorough analysis of the European Treaties and case law, with particular attention paid to litigation involving domestic measures concerning the national system of government, constitutional rights protections, and language policy. Clarifying the issues at stake and presenting a solution to these problems, this book will be an invaluable resource for the academics, lawyers, and policy makers in the field.

The Power of the European Court of Justice

Author: Susanne K. Schmidt
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317981286
Format: PDF
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The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has played a vital role in promoting the process of European integration. In recent years, however, the expansion of EU law has led it to impact ever more politically sensitive issues, and controversial ECJ judgments have elicited unprecedented levels of criticism. Can we expect the Court to sustain its role as a motor of deeper integration without Member States or other countervailing forces intervening? To answer this question, we need to revisit established explanations of the Court’s power to see if they remain viable in the Court’s contemporary environment. We also need to better understand the ultimate limits of the Court’s power – the means through which and extent to which national governments, national courts, litigants and the Court’s other interlocutors attempt to influence the Court and to limit the impact of its rulings. In this book, leading scholars of European law and politics investigate how the ECJ has continued to support deeper integration and whether the EU is experiencing an increase in countervailing forces that may diminish the Court’s ability or willingness to act as a motor of integration. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of European Public Policy.

The Laval and Viking Cases

Author: Roger Blanpain
Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.
ISBN: 9041128506
Format: PDF, Mobi
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in this book nineteen labour law scholars present country reports detailing challenges and consequences of the rulings evident in twelve EU Member States, as well as in Norway and Russia. Among many others, the salient issues covered include the following: cross-border solidarity among workers; collective action as a fundamental freedom; the prospects for an EU minimum wage plan; the 'social partners' approach to national labour law; the harmonisation of social security standards; and the scope of enforcement by Member State labour regulatory authorities.

The Labour Constitution

Author: Ruth Dukes
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191038601
Format: PDF, Docs
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Exploring different approaches to the study of labour law, this book examines different ways of conceiving of the subject and of describing, analysing, and criticizing current legislation and policy in the field. In particular, it assesses the validity of the suggestion that 'old ways' of thinking about the subject have become outdated. Detailed consideration is given to two such old ways: the idea of the labour constitution, developed by Hugo Sinzheimer in the early years of the Weimar Republic, and the principle of collective laissez-faire, elaborated by Otto Kahn-Freund in the 1950s. It asks whether, and how, these ideas could be abstracted from the political, economic, and social contexts within which they were developed so that they might still usefully be applied to the study of labour law. The central argument of this book is that the labour constitution can be developed so as to provide an 'enduring idea of labour law', and this is constructed against a critique of modern arguments which favour reorienting labour law to align more closely with the functioning of labour markets. As compared with the posited 'law of the labour market', the labour constitution highlights the inherently political nature of labour laws and institutions, as well as their economic functions. It provides a framework for analysing labour laws, labour markets, and labour market institutions, which does not limit the capacity of scholarship in the field to retain its critical edge. It focuses our attentions on important questions, and important fields of enquiry: on questions, not least, of the consequences for workers of the narrowing and disappearance of spaces for democratic deliberation and democratic decision-making as markets continue to expand.