Volcanoes and the Environment

Author: Joan Marti
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139445108
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Volcanoes and the Environment is a comprehensive and accessible text incorporating contributions from some of the world's authorities in volcanology. This book is an indispensable guide for those interested in how volcanism affects our planet's environment. It spans a wide variety of topics from geology to climatology and ecology; it also considers the economic and social impacts of volcanic activity on humans. Topics covered include how volcanoes shape the environment, their effect on the geological cycle, atmosphere and climate, impacts on health of living on active volcanoes, volcanism and early life, effects of eruptions on plant and animal life, large eruptions and mass extinctions, and the impact of volcanic disasters on the economy. This book is intended for students and researchers interested in environmental change from the fields of earth and environmental science, geography, ecology and social science. It will also interest policy makers and professionals working on natural hazards.

When the Earth Explodes

Author: Buck Dawson
Publisher: Nova Kroshka Books
ISBN: 9781560724506
Format: PDF, ePub
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"The well documented science of volcanology is based on evidence gleaned from the great eruptions of the past 200 years. It proves that volcanoes are the only significant source of global air pollution." "Going backwards from the 1991 medium sized eruption of Pinatubo in the Philippines and 1981 eruption of El Chicon in Mexico, Dawson tells his story of how volcanoes, NOT man burning fossil fuels causes global air pollution. His chapter on Pinatubo is based on the eyewitness account of his nephew, the U.S. Navy Supply Officer stationed at Subic Bay." "He shows by volcano studies and graphs that for over 200 years, 95% of global air pollution has come from volcanoes, that there has been NO global warming trend over the last 200 Years. He also defines the ozone (what it is and does, and explains the hole in the ozone and how it works). He describes the "Greenhouse Effect" as over rated and tells what really occurs that could or could not cause future problems with global warming." "Part II of this book covers the six most significant eruptions in recorded history and graphically illustrates the awesome power of a single volcano and man's ridiculous notion to control it."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Volcanic Activity and Human Ecology

Author: Payson D. Sheets
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483263185
Format: PDF, Docs
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Volcanic Activity and Human Ecology deals with dating, chronology, stratigraphy, volcanic activity, and with the impacts of volcanism on animals, plants, human populations, and the environment. Some of the chapters explain how such findings must be weighed against other causes that influence human behavior and survival, such as factors of social customs, climatic change, shifting biogeographic patterns, disease, and the ability to adapt. Each of the chapters that assess the possible human response to volcanism does so by searching for multiple explanations of the archaeological record, avoiding the simple argument that people were dramatically and inevitably overcome by catastrophic geologic events. The book begins with discussions of volcanism as seen by geologists and pedologists. These include s a general overview of volcanoes and volcanism; a review of the production, dispersal, and properties of tephra and of the geologic methods used to study tephra; and the nature of volcanic soils and their economic impact. Subsequent chapters use the geologic and modern records to examine volcanoes as hazards to people. The final series of papers deals with the interrelationships between volcanism and human occupations as seen through the archaeological, paleobotanical, and paleozoological records.

Environmental Effects on Volcanic Eruptions

Author: James R. Zimbelman
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9780306462337
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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The book presents current research into the effect that environmental conditions have on volcanic eruptions and the subsequent emplacement of volcanic products. This is accomplished through a series of chapters that investigate specific environments - both terrestrial and extraterrestrial - and the expression of volcanic materials found within those settings. Current state-of-the-art numerical, analytical and computer models are used in most chapters to provide robust, quantitative insights into how volcanoes behave in different environmental settings. Readership: Upper level undergraduates and new graduates. The book is primarily a presentation of research results rather than a tutorial for the general public. Textbook or supplementary reading for courses in volcanology or comparative planetology at college/university level.

Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology

Author: Liz Parfitt
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 1444307568
Format: PDF
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Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is a comprehensive overview ofthe processes that control when and how volcanoes erupt.Understanding these processes involves bringing together ideas froma number of disciplines, including branches of geology, such aspetrology and geochemistry; and aspects of physics, such as fluiddynamics and thermodynamics. This book explains in accessible terms how different areas ofscience have been combined to reach our current level of knowledgeof volcanic systems. It includes an introduction to eruption types,an outline of the development of physical volcanology, acomprehensive overview of subsurface processes, eruptionmechanisms, the nature of volcanic eruptions and their products,and a review of how volcanoes affect the environment. Fundamentals of Physical Volcanology is essential reading forundergraduate students in earth science.

Volcanoes

Author: Mauro Rosi
Publisher: Firefly Books
ISBN: 9781552976838
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Offers a look at the structure, characteristics, and morphology of volcanoes with an examination of why they erupt along with an overview of the environmental benefits and detriments they cause. Original.

Volcanoes

Author: Richard V. Fisher
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9780691002491
Format: PDF, Docs
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Assisting readers in experiencing this geological phenomena, the authors draw upon actual encounters with volcanoes, often through firsthand accounts of those who have witnessed eruptions and miraculously survived the terrifying aftermath. 46 line illustrations. 85 halftones.

Volcanoes

Author: Maryann Dobeck
Publisher: Benchmark Education Company
ISBN: 1450907806
Format: PDF
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Find out about geothermal energy, plate tectonics, and pyroclastic flow as they relate to the causes and effects of volcanic eruption.

Volcanoes

Author: Gemma Aiello
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 1789233488
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book contains 12 chapters dealing with the studies on volcanoes, their geological and geophysical setting, the theoretical aspects and the numerical modeling on volcanoes, the applications of volcanoes to the industry, and the impact of volcanoes on the human health, in different geological settings and using several techniques and methods, including the volcanology, the seismology, the statistical methods to assess the correlation between seismic and volcanic activity (modified Ripley's K-function to regional seismicity), the field geological survey of volcanic successions, the analytical methods of petrologic analysis, the petrography of the volcanic rocks with the individuation of the modal compositions of volcanic rocks and their comparison with major elements and trace elements in variation diagrams, and the argon isotopic measurements performed through the peak height comparison (unspiked) method. The oceanographic methods have also been applied to case studies of submarine volcanic edifices located in the Canary Islands (Atlantic Ocean), including the sampling of the water column with a conductivity-temperature-depth (CTD) sensor rosette with 24 Niskin bottles, in order to determinate key physical and chemical parameters, such as the total-scale pH, the total dissolved inorganic carbon (C), the total alkalinity (A), the temperature, the salinity, and the dissolved oxygen. Problems of volcanic risk mitigation have also been treated, regarding the eruption disasters in Indonesia, a country where a high number of people live next to the volcanoes, and characterized by the lack of public awareness of the eruption disasters. Petrographic methods have been successfully applied to the study of the Cretaceous magmatism of the layered gabbroids of the Chukotka region (Pekulney Ridge, Russia), and geodynamic implications have been successfully established through geological and petrographic studies. The relationships among the mantle wedge, the convective heat and mass transfer, the infiltration metasomatism, the zoning, and the mathematical models have been applied to the comprehension of complex volcanic areas through the theoretical aspects of volcanic studies on magmatic chambers coupled with numerical modeling, including finite element models (FEMs) in the individuation of volcanic deformations.