Volcanoes and the Environment

Author: Joan Marti
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9781139445108
Format: PDF
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Volcanoes and the Environment is a comprehensive and accessible text incorporating contributions from some of the world's authorities in volcanology. This book is an indispensable guide for those interested in how volcanism affects our planet's environment. It spans a wide variety of topics from geology to climatology and ecology; it also considers the economic and social impacts of volcanic activity on humans. Topics covered include how volcanoes shape the environment, their effect on the geological cycle, atmosphere and climate, impacts on health of living on active volcanoes, volcanism and early life, effects of eruptions on plant and animal life, large eruptions and mass extinctions, and the impact of volcanic disasters on the economy. This book is intended for students and researchers interested in environmental change from the fields of earth and environmental science, geography, ecology and social science. It will also interest policy makers and professionals working on natural hazards.

Volcanoes and the Environment

Author: Joan Martí i Castell
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521592543
Format: PDF, Docs
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This is a cross-discipline guide to how volcanism has affected our planet's environment.

Volcanoes and the Environment

Author: Joan Marti
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521597258
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Volcanoes and the Environment is a comprehensive and accessible text incorporating contributions from some of the world's authorities in volcanology. This book is an indispensable guide for those interested in how volcanism affects our planet's environment. It spans a wide variety of topics from geology to climatology and ecology; it also considers the economic and social impacts of volcanic activity on humans. Topics covered include how volcanoes shape the environment, their effect on the geological cycle, atmosphere and climate, impacts on health of living on active volcanoes, volcanism and early life, effects of eruptions on plant and animal life, large eruptions and mass extinctions, and the impact of volcanic disasters on the economy. This book is intended for students and researchers interested in environmental change from the fields of earth and environmental science, geography, ecology and social science. It will also interest policy makers and professionals working on natural hazards.

When the Earth Explodes

Author: Buck Dawson
Publisher: Nova Kroshka Books
ISBN: 9781560724506
Format: PDF, Docs
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"The well documented science of volcanology is based on evidence gleaned from the great eruptions of the past 200 years. It proves that volcanoes are the only significant source of global air pollution." "Going backwards from the 1991 medium sized eruption of Pinatubo in the Philippines and 1981 eruption of El Chicon in Mexico, Dawson tells his story of how volcanoes, NOT man burning fossil fuels causes global air pollution. His chapter on Pinatubo is based on the eyewitness account of his nephew, the U.S. Navy Supply Officer stationed at Subic Bay." "He shows by volcano studies and graphs that for over 200 years, 95% of global air pollution has come from volcanoes, that there has been NO global warming trend over the last 200 Years. He also defines the ozone (what it is and does, and explains the hole in the ozone and how it works). He describes the "Greenhouse Effect" as over rated and tells what really occurs that could or could not cause future problems with global warming." "Part II of this book covers the six most significant eruptions in recorded history and graphically illustrates the awesome power of a single volcano and man's ridiculous notion to control it."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Volcanism and Global Environmental Change

Author: Anja Schmidt
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1107058376
Format: PDF
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A multidisciplinary volume describing the effects of volcanism on the environment, past and present, for researchers and advanced students.

Volcanoes in Human History

Author: Jelle Zeilinga de Boer
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 1400842859
Format: PDF, Mobi
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When the volcano Tambora erupted in Indonesia in 1815, as many as 100,000 people perished as a result of the blast and an ensuing famine caused by the destruction of rice fields on Sumbawa and neighboring islands. Gases and dust particles ejected into the atmosphere changed weather patterns around the world, resulting in the infamous ''year without a summer'' in North America, food riots in Europe, and a widespread cholera epidemic. And the gloomy weather inspired Mary Shelley to write the gothic novel Frankenstein. This book tells the story of nine such epic volcanic events, explaining the related geology for the general reader and exploring the myriad ways in which the earth's volcanism has affected human history. Zeilinga de Boer and Sanders describe in depth how volcanic activity has had long-lasting effects on societies, cultures, and the environment. After introducing the origins and mechanisms of volcanism, the authors draw on ancient as well as modern accounts--from folklore to poetry and from philosophy to literature. Beginning with the Bronze Age eruption that caused the demise of Minoan Crete, the book tells the human and geological stories of eruptions of such volcanoes as Vesuvius, Krakatau, Mount Pelée, and Tristan da Cunha. Along the way, it shows how volcanism shaped religion in Hawaii, permeated Icelandic mythology and literature, caused widespread population migrations, and spurred scientific discovery. From the prodigious eruption of Thera more than 3,600 years ago to the relative burp of Mount St. Helens in 1980, the results of volcanism attest to the enduring connections between geology and human destiny. Some images inside the book are unavailable due to digital copyright restrictions.

Volcanic Activity and Human Ecology

Author: Payson D. Sheets
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 1483263185
Format: PDF, ePub
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Volcanic Activity and Human Ecology deals with dating, chronology, stratigraphy, volcanic activity, and with the impacts of volcanism on animals, plants, human populations, and the environment. Some of the chapters explain how such findings must be weighed against other causes that influence human behavior and survival, such as factors of social customs, climatic change, shifting biogeographic patterns, disease, and the ability to adapt. Each of the chapters that assess the possible human response to volcanism does so by searching for multiple explanations of the archaeological record, avoiding the simple argument that people were dramatically and inevitably overcome by catastrophic geologic events. The book begins with discussions of volcanism as seen by geologists and pedologists. These include s a general overview of volcanoes and volcanism; a review of the production, dispersal, and properties of tephra and of the geologic methods used to study tephra; and the nature of volcanic soils and their economic impact. Subsequent chapters use the geologic and modern records to examine volcanoes as hazards to people. The final series of papers deals with the interrelationships between volcanism and human occupations as seen through the archaeological, paleobotanical, and paleozoological records.

Waking the Giant

Author: Bill McGuire
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191633887
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Twenty thousand years ago our planet was an icehouse. Temperatures were down six degrees; ice sheets kilometres thick buried much of Europe and North America and sea levels were 130m lower. The following 15 millennia saw an astonishing transformation as our planet metamorphosed into the temperate world upon which our civilisation has grown and thrived. One of the most dynamic periods in Earth history saw rocketing temperatures melt the great ice sheets like butter on a hot summer's day; feeding torrents of freshwater into ocean basins that rapidly filled to present levels. The removal of the enormous weight of ice at high latitudes caused the crust to bounce back triggering earthquakes in Europe and North America and provoking an unprecedented volcanic outburst in Iceland. A giant submarine landslide off the coast of Norway sent a tsunami crashing onto the Scottish coast while around the margins of the continents the massive load exerted on the crust by soaring sea levels encouraged a widespread seismic and volcanic rejoinder. In many ways, this post-glacial world mirrors that projected to arise as a consequence of unmitigated climate change driven by human activities. Already there are signs that the effects of climbing global temperatures are causing the sleeping giant to stir once again. Could it be that we are on track to bequeath to our children and their children not only a far hotter world, but also a more geologically fractious one?

Eruptions that Shook the World

Author: Clive Oppenheimer
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139496395
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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What does it take for a volcanic eruption to really shake the world? Did volcanic eruptions extinguish the dinosaurs, or help humans to evolve, only to decimate their populations with a super-eruption 73,000 years ago? Did they contribute to the ebb and flow of ancient empires, the French Revolution and the rise of fascism in Europe in the 19th century? These are some of the claims made for volcanic cataclysm. Volcanologist Clive Oppenheimer explores rich geological, historical, archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records (such as ice cores and tree rings) to tell the stories behind some of the greatest volcanic events of the past quarter of a billion years. He shows how a forensic approach to volcanology reveals the richness and complexity behind cause and effect, and argues that important lessons for future catastrophe risk management can be drawn from understanding events that took place even at the dawn of human origins.

Volcanoes

Author: Mauro Rosi
Publisher: Firefly Books
ISBN: 9781552976838
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Offers a look at the structure, characteristics, and morphology of volcanoes with an examination of why they erupt along with an overview of the environmental benefits and detriments they cause. Original.