Vulgar Tongues

Author: Max Décharné
Publisher: Serpent's Tail
ISBN: 1847659411
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Slang is the language of pop culture, low culture, street culture, underground movements and secret societies; depending on your point of view, it is a badge of honour, a sign of identity or a dangerous assault on the values of polite society. Over several centuries and across international borders, VULGAR TONGUES is the story of how the English language of Shakespeare's day fragmented and twisted into all kinds of shapes, as people like pickpockets, beggars, sailors, musicians, gangsters, whores, politicians, gypsies, soldiers, gays and lesbians, policemen, rappers, cockneys, biker gangs and circus folk seized the King's or Queen's English by the throat and took it to places it would probably regret in the morning.

The Dictionary of Nautical University Gypsy and Other Vulgar Tongues

Author: John Camden Hotten
Publisher: Fireship Press
ISBN: 1934757063
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This is not a book about history. It IS history. First published in 1859, it is literally a snapshot of the language used by the 18th and 19th Century common man. With it, you can enter into his world as he or she saw it, felt it and expressed it. No novel, no history book can or will ever give you that perspective. Tell me: . If you knew someplace was a "knocking shop" would you go in? . Would an 18th Century seaman drink a couple of "scotches" or whistle at them? . Is "casting up your accounts" something a business person would do? . Would you resort to "chariot buzzing" to build-up your supply of "chinkers"? . Would you eat a "Sharp's-Alley" chicken? Some of the definitions are tragic and some are outrageously funny. But if you want to genuinely understand their world-if you want to understand the world portrayed in books by Jane Austin, C.S. Forester, Patrick O'Brian or Dudley Pope-you need this book by your side. This work is based on John Camden Hotten's 1860 edition of A Dictionary of Modern Slang, Cant, and Vulgar Words.

The Vulgar Tongue

Author: Jonathon Green
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
ISBN: 0199398143
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"The Vulgar Tongue tells the full story of English language slang, from its origins in early British beggar books to its spread in American and Australian culture in the eighteenth century"--

Meaning in the History of English

Author: Andreas H. Jucker
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing
ISBN: 9027270899
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Uncovering the meaning of individual words or entire texts is a complex process that needs to take into consideration the multiple interactions of linguistic organization including orthography, morphology, syntax and, ultimately, pragmatics. The papers in this volume pay close attention to these interactions and assess both the details of the texts and entire texts within their relevant contexts. All the papers deal with data from the history of English, and they cover a wide range from Old English manuscripts to Early Modern English letters and medical texts to Late Modern English cant vocabulary.


Author: Jonathon Green
Publisher: Atlantic Books Ltd
ISBN: 178239379X
Format: PDF
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In this richly entertaining book, Jonathon Green traces the development of slang and its trajectory through society, and offers an impassioned argument for its defence. Beginning, at least in recorded terms, in the gutter and the thieves' tavern, and displayed only in a few criminological pamphlets, slang has made its way up and out: across social classes and into every medium. There is no doubt that slang deals with those areas of life that standard English often chooses to sidestep. Certainly, slang has many more synonyms for topics such as crime, drunkenness and recreational drug-taking, sexual intercourse and the parts of the body with which we conduct it (and a variety of other functions), for madness, stupidity, unattractiveness, violence, racism and nationalism. That, for the author, is its role and its charm. Often dismissed as 'bad' language or 'swear-words', slang, he argues, is a 'counter-language', the language that says no. Born in the street it resists the niceties of the respectable. It is language's film noir, its banana skin, its pin that pops pretention. It is neither respectable nor respectful. It can be cruel, it can also be inventive, creative and very often funny. It represents us at our most human. Language! is an exuberant and rewarding work that uncovers an oral history of marginality and rebellion, of dispossession and frustration, and it shows how slang gives a vocabulary and a voice to our most guarded thoughts.

American English

Author: Zoltan Kovecses
Publisher: Broadview Press
ISBN: 1460403096
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is a cultural-historical (rather than purely linguistic) introduction to American English. The first part consists of a general account of variation in American English. It offers concise but comprehensive coverage of such topics as the history of American English; regional, social and ethnic variation; variation in style (including slang); and British and American differences. The second part of the book puts forward an account of how American English has developed into a dominant variety of the English language. It focuses on the ways in which intellectual traditions such as puritanism and republicanism, in shaping the American world view, have also contributed to the distinctiveness of American English.

Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue

Author: Francis Grose
Publisher: The Floating Press
ISBN: 1776532759
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Throughout history, most dictionaries have served the purpose of preserving the purity of the language, usually preferring the erudite vocabulary of the affluent upper classes to the salty, constantly evolving slang of their working-class counterparts. That began to change in the early modern period, when several innovative lexicographers began publishing collections of slang terms used by particular subcultures, such as criminals. According to scholars, Francis Grose's Dictionary of the Vulgar Tongue is one of the most important and complete of these early slang dictionaries. Spend some time with this fascinating volume to learn the slang definitions of words and phrases like "poisoned" (pregnant), "shooting the cat" (vomiting after excess alcohol consumption), and "snoozing ken" (a brothel).