Wahhabi Islam

Author: Natana J. Delong-Bas
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199715610
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Before 9/11, few Westerners had heard of Wahhabism. Today, it is a household word. Frequently mentioned in association with Osama bin Laden, Wahhabism is portrayed by the media and public officials as an intolerant, puritanical, militant interpretation of Islam that calls for the wholesale destruction of the West in a jihad of global proportions. In the first study ever undertaken of the writings of Wahhabism's founder, Muhammad Ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1702-1791), Natana DeLong-Bas shatters these stereotypes and misconceptions. Her reading of Ibn Abd al-Wahhab's works produces a revisionist thesis: Ibn Abd al-Wahhab was not the godfather of contemporary terrorist movements. Rather, he was a voice of reform, reflecting mainstream 18th-century Islamic thought. His vision of Islamic society was based upon a monotheism in which Muslims, Christians and Jews were to enjoy peaceful co-existence and cooperative commercial and treaty relations. Eschewing medieval interpretations of the Quran and hadith (sayings and deeds of the prophet Muhammad), Ibn Abd al-Wahhab called for direct, historically contextualized interpretation of scripture by both women and men. His understanding of theology and Islamic law was rooted in Quranic values, rather than literal interpretations. A strong proponent of women's rights, he called for a balance of rights between women and men both within marriage and in access to education and public space. In the most comprehensive study of Ibn Abd al-Wahhab's interpretation of jihad ever written, DeLong-Bas details a vision in which jihad is strictly limited to the self-defense of the Muslim community against military aggression. Contemporary extremists like Osama bin Laden do not have their origins in Wahhabism, she shows. The hallmark jihadi focus on a cult of martyrdom, the strict division of the world into two necessarily opposing spheres, the wholescale destruction of both civilian life and property, and the call for global jihad are entirely absent from Ibn Abd al-Wahhab's writings. Instead, the militant stance of contemporary jihadism lies in adherence to the writings of the medieval scholar, Ibn Taymiyya, and the 20th century Egyptian radical, Sayyid Qutb. This pathbreaking book fills an enormous gap in the literature about Wahhabism by returning to the original writings of its founder. Bound to be controversial, it will be impossible to ignore.

Das islamische Recht

Author: Mathias Rohe
Publisher: C.H.Beck
ISBN: 3406628486
Format: PDF
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Erstmals beschreibt in diesem Buch ein islamwissenschaftlich geschulter Jurist Entstehung, Entwicklung und gegenwärtige Ausformung des islamischen Rechts. Mathias Rohe erläutert die wichtigsten islamischem Rechtsquellen und Rechtsfindungsmethoden und schildert in Grundzügen die Regelungsbereiche des klassischen islamischen Rechts: Ehe- und Familienrecht, Erbrecht, Vertrags- und Wirtschaftsrecht, Gesellschaftsrecht, Eigentumsrecht, Strafrecht, Staats- und Verwaltungsrecht, Fremden- und Völkerrecht. Dabei kommen auch grundlegende Unterschiede zwischen Sunniten, Schiiten und anderen Richtungen zur Sprache. Sein besonderes Augenmerk gilt den Regelungen für Muslime in einer nichtislamischen Umgebung, vor allem in Deutschland. Ein Ausblick auf Perspektiven des islamischen Rechts in einer globalisierten Welt beschließt dieses anschaulich geschriebene Standardwerk. Für die vorliegende dritte Auflage wurde das Buch überarbeitet, aktualisiert und erweitert. „Mathias Rohe hat ein ausgezeichnetes Buch über die wichtigsten Schattierungen der Scharia verfasst. Dessen Lektüre ist Pflicht für jeden, dem ernsthaft an der Integration gelegen ist.“ (Andreas Zielke, Süddeutsche Zeitung) „Wer Aufklärung verschenken will, möge zum christlichsten aller Feste das Buch von Matthias Rohe unter den Baum legen. (...) Es hat das Zeug zu einem Standardwerk. Und es füllt eine Lücke, die Missverständnisse und die einseitige Wahrnehmung konservativer Islamauslegung reißen.“ (Thoralf Schwanitz, Andreas Kurz, Financial Times Deutschland)

Reformiert euch

Author: Ayaan Hirsi Ali
Publisher: Albrecht Knaus Verlag
ISBN: 3641174627
Format: PDF
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Das wichtigste Buch zur Islam-Debatte: Ayaan Hirsi Ali und ihr Plädoyer für eine Reformation des Islam Ihre eigene Biographie und intime Kenntnis der islamischen Gesellschaften und Kultur sowie ihre Forschungen machen Ayaan Hirsi Ali zu einer der wichtigsten Stimmen in der Debatte über den Islam. Ihr neues, von Optimismus getragenes Buch, an dem sie seit Jahren arbeitet, kommt im richtigen Moment: Es nimmt die Terroranschläge in Paris zum Ausgangspunkt, bietet fundierte Einordnung und Hintergründe, vor allem aber bezieht Hirsi Ali klar Stellung: gegen einen erstarrten Islam und dessen Tolerierung durch den Westen. Und für eine Reformation ihrer Religion durch die Muslime, die sie bereits auf dem Weg sieht.

The Wahhabi Mission and Saudi Arabia

Author: David Commins
Publisher: I.B.Tauris
ISBN: 0857731351
Format: PDF
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The history of the Wahhabis' close, loyal alliance with the ancestors of the present Saudi royal family has been recounted in fascinating, and persuasive detail by David Commins. His conclusion is no less startling as it is important, that Wahhabi hegemony over regional religious culture is in jeopardy; its credibility debased, possibly no longer able to buttress the Saudi dynasty's legitimacy. Whatever their future, the story of the Wahhabis has been told with authority and clarity by Commins in this absorbing book. - David Waines, Professor of Islamic Studies, Lancaster University ‘David Commins’ careful, comprehensive and erudite account of Wahhabism in Saudi Arabia could not have come at a more opportune time. After so many tendentious and uninformed treatments of the subject in recent years, it is a pleasure to read a real historian’s account, based upon original Arabic sources. Everyone involved in the public debate about Saudi Arabia’s role in the Muslim world should read this book.’ —F. GREGORY GAUSE, UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT ‘David Commins’ work makes major contributions toward understanding the historical development of Wahhabism, particularly in the 19th century. His analysis of 19th century Wahhabi thought demonstrates the interplay between religion and politics during this critical time, setting the stage for the 20th century founding of the contemporary Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.’ —NATANA J. DELONG-BAS, GEORGETOWN UNIVERSITY, AUTHOR OF WAHHABI ISLAM: FROM REVIVAL AND REFORM TO GLOBAL JIHAD (I.B.TAURIS)

Saudi Arabia Islamic Threat Political reform and the Global War on Terror

Author:
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 1428910115
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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U.S. foreign policy and the domestic concerns of Middle Eastern states are influencing the pursuit of the global war on terror in the Middle East. A close view of Saudi Arabia reveals the complex interaction of these forces. The U.S. relationship with Saudi Arabia and the global war on terror are important challenges to the U.S. administration that have region-wide ramifications. Saudi Arabia has been facing down Islamist insurgency along with other challenges since September 11, 2001 and with even more urgency since May 2OO3. The Kingdom clearly remains a major political and economic force in the region. The income from its vast oil resources primarily has funded its strong influence, and the Kingdom has, in turn sponsored poorer developing Arab nations. Furthermore, its Islamic influence has been apparent in the broader Muslim world, and the United States has maintained a strong relationship with the Kingdom for many decades.

Unveiling Modernity in Twentieth Century West African Islamic Reforms

Author: Ousman Murzik Kobo
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004215255
Format: PDF
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In this book Ousman Kobo provides a fresh understanding of the indigenous origins of Islamic reforms sympathetic to "Wahhabi" ideas in two West African countries, Burkina Faso and Ghana, and connects these movements to Muslim's search for religious purity in modern contexts.