War Stories

Author: Mark Pedelty
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135964408
Format: PDF, Docs
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What are the influences on war correspondents as they report on events in war-torn countries? Mark Pedelty explores the lives, work and culture of the international press corps, examining the institutions, practices, myths, and rituals that shape the work of journalists everywhere. He looks at the context in which journalists construct their reports. By looking at how new stories are actually produced, the author highlights the elusiveness of the goal of "objective" journalism and illustrates how the biases of war correspondents are constrained by the powers of government and how these biases are translated into actual journalistic practices.

International News and Foreign Correspondents

Author: Stephen Hess
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press
ISBN: 9780815736301
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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In this fifth volume of his highly acclaimed Newswork series, Stephen Hess offers a revealing look at how the print and broadcast media cover international affairs and how foreign correspondents do their work, and concludes with suggestions for improving international coverage.

Erm glichung einer pro interventionistischen Berichterstattung w hrend milit rischen Interventionen westlicher Elitel nder am Beispiel des Kosovo Konflikts

Author: Judith Pillitsch
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
ISBN: 3638101134
Format: PDF, ePub
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Diplomarbeit aus dem Jahr 2000 im Fachbereich Medien / Kommunikation - Journalismus, Publizistik, Note: Sehr gut, Universität Wien (Institut für Publizistik und Kommunikationswissenschaften), 211 Quellen im Literaturverzeichnis, Sprache: Deutsch, Abstract: Einleitung und Standortbestimmung der Diplomarbeit Berichterstattung in Kriegs- und Krisenzeiten stellt die Presse vor eine besondere Herausforderung. Journalisten haben die Macht, eine Realität zu konstruieren, die von den Rezipienten hingenommen werden muß, da ihnen meist die Möglichkeit fehlt, das von der Presse postulierte Geschehen anhand eigener Erfahrungen zu überprüfen. Dies gilt nicht zuletzt in der Kriegsberichterstattung. Die Gefahr, die von dem Kriegsgebiet ausgeht, die Bedrohung des eigenen Lebens läßt vor dem Krisengebiet zurückschrecken und weckt in den Rezipienten nicht unbedingt den Wunsch, sich an Ort und Stelle von dem Geschehen zu überzeugen. Auch für Kriegsberichterstatter ist es schwierig, sich im Kriegsgebiet frei zu bewegen und adäquate Informationen zu sammeln und zu überprüfen. Alle Kriegsparteien versuchen, ein möglichst vorteilhaftes Bild von sich selbst zu zeichnen und es der Öffentlichkeit zu präsentieren. Als Vermittler dienen dazu Kriegsberichterstatter, die sich im Geflecht von Zensur und Manipulationsversuchen von militärischer Seite her zurechtfinden müssen. Kriegsberichterstatter und ihre Berichte sind deshalb so wichtig, weil ein Krieg oder ein militärischer Eingriff in eine Krise, wie z. B. die Einmischung der USA und ihrer Alliierten in den Kosovo-Konflikt, publizistisch legitimiert oder entlegitimiert wird. Es stellt sich die Frage, welche Bedingungen gegeben sein müssen, damit Journalisten für eine Seite Partei ergreifen und pro oder kontra eines militärischen Angriffs publizistisch Stellung beziehen. Es greift zu kurz, nur den einzelnen Journalisten für seine Berichterstattung verantwortlich zu machen. So wie schon Winfried B. Lerg feststellte, ist es mit der Untersuchung der Rolle des Kommunikators nicht abgetan, denn ebenso müssen die publizistischen Rahmenbedingungen, unter denen Journalisten ihrer Arbeit nachgehen im Rahmen der Medienforschung mitberücksichtigt werden.(1) [...] _______ 1 Vgl. Winfried B. Lerg: „Geschichte der Kriegsberichterstattung – Ein Literaturbericht“, in: Publizistik, Heft 3, Juli-September 1992, S. 405.

War and Peace in Jewish Tradition

Author: Yigal Levin
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136625119
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The transition between the reality of war and a hope for peace has accompanied the Jewish people since biblical times. However, the ways in which both concepts are understood have changed many times over the ages, and both have different implications for an independent nation in its own land than they do for a community of exiles living as a minority in foreign countries. This book explores the concepts of war and peace throughout the history of Judaism. Combining three branches of learning - classical Jewish sources, from the Bible to modern times; related academic disciplines of Jewish studies, humanities, social and political sciences; and public discussion of these issues on political, military, ideological and moral levels - contributors from Israel and the USA open new vistas of investigation for the future as well as an awareness of the past. Chapters touch on personal and collective morality in warfare, survival though a long and often violent history, and creation of some of the world’s great cultural assets, in literature, philosophy and religion, as well as in the fields of community life and social autonomy. An important addition to the current literature on Jewish thought and philosophy, this book will be of considerable interest to scholars working in the areas of Jewish Studies, theology, modern politics, the Middle East and biblical studies.

Der stille Amerikaner

Author: Graham Greene
Publisher: Paul Zsolnay Verlag
ISBN: 3552056629
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Thomas Fowler verfolgt das Kriegsgeschehen in Vietnam 1952 aus sicherer Distanz. Auf der Terrasse des berühmten Hotel Continental in Saigon lernt er den jungen Amerikaner Aldon Pyle kennen, der für eine medizinische Hilfsorganisation nach Asien gekommen ist. Fowler, der alternde Journalist, und Pyle verstehen sich gut, bis Pyle sich in dessen schöne Geliebte Phuong verliebt, die fortan zwischen den beiden Männern hin- und hergerissen ist. Als in Saigon Plastikbomben explodieren, schöpft Fowler den Verdacht, dass die Chemikalien, die Pyle ins Land schmuggelt, vielleicht doch nicht nur medizinischen Zwecken dienen. Greenes großer Roman über die wichtigen Fragen des Lebens in der neuen Übersetzung von Nikolaus Stingl.

Lebenswenden und Zeitenwenden

Author: Volker Depkat
Publisher: Oldenbourg Verlag
ISBN: 9783486579703
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Politische Umbruche sind mehr als blosse Systemwechsel; sie bestimmen massiv die Erfahrungen und das Leben der Zeitgenossen und ihre Orientierung in der eigenen (Lebens-)Geschichte. Die Alterskohorten und politischen Generationen des 20. Jahrhunderts erlebten innerhalb ihrer Lebensspanne gleich mehrere Geschichtsbruche. Volker Depkat erschliesst aus den Autobiographien von 14 um 1880 geborenen deutschen Politikerinnen und Politikern des sozialistischen und liberal-demokratischen Spektrums, wie diese angesichts der ganzen Abfolge von militarischen, sozialen und okonomischen Katastrophen des 20. Jahrhunderts Vorstellungen von Sinn und Kontinuitat konstruierten. Behandelte Personen: die Sozialisten Wilhelm Keil, Wilhelm Dittmann, Albert Grzesinski, Otto Buchwitz und Max Seydewitz, die burgerlichen Politiker Konrad Adenauer, Arnold Brecht, Ferdinand Friedensburg und Hermann Punder, und die burgerlichen Politikerinnen Gertrud Baumer, Marie Baum, Marie-Elisabeth Luders, Toni Sender und Kate Frankenthal."

Journalism s Roving Eye

Author: John Maxwell Hamilton
Publisher: LSU Press
ISBN: 080714486X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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In all of journalism, nowhere are the stakes higher than in foreign news-gathering. For media owners, it is the most difficult type of reporting to finance; for editors, the hardest to oversee. Correspondents, roaming large swaths of the planet, must acquire expertise that home-based reporters take for granted -- facility with the local language, for instance, or an understanding of local cultures. Adding further to the challenges, they must put news of the world in context for an audience with little experience and often limited interest in foreign affairs -- a task made all the more daunting because of the consequence to national security. In Journalism's Roving Eye, John Maxwell Hamilton -- a historian and former foreign correspondent -- provides a sweeping and definitive history of American foreign news reporting from its inception to the present day and chronicles the economic and technological advances that have influenced overseas coverage, as well as the cavalcade of colorful personalities who shaped readers' perceptions of the world across two centuries. From the colonial era -- when newspaper printers hustled down to wharfs to collect mail and periodicals from incoming ships -- to the ongoing multimedia press coverage of the Iraq War, Hamilton explores journalism's constant -- and not always successful -- efforts at "dishing the foreign news," as James Gordon Bennett put it in the mid-nineteenth century to describe his approach in the New York Herald. He details the highly partisan coverage of the French Revolution, the early emergence of "special correspondents" and the challenges of organizing their efforts, the profound impact of the non-yellow press in the run-up to the Spanish-American War, the increasingly sophisticated machinery of propaganda and censorship that surfaced during World War I, and the "golden age" of foreign correspondence during the interwar period, when outlets for foreign news swelled and a large number of experienced, independent journalists circled the globe. From the Nazis' intimidation of reporters to the ways in which American popular opinion shaped coverage of Communist revolution and the Vietnam War, Hamilton covers every aspect of delivering foreign news to American doorsteps. Along the way, Hamilton singles out a fascinating cast of characters, among them Victor Lawson, the overlooked proprietor of the Chicago Daily News, who pioneered the concept of a foreign news service geared to American interests; Henry Morton Stanley, one of the first reporters to generate news on his own with his 1871 expedition to East Africa to "find Livingstone"; and Jack Belden, a forgotten brooding figure who exemplified the best in combat reporting. Hamilton details the experiences of correspondents, editors, owners, publishers, and network executives, as well as the political leaders who made the news and the technicians who invented ways to transmit it. Their stories bring the narrative to life in arresting detail and make this an indispensable book for anyone wanting to understand the evolution of foreign news-gathering. Amid the steep drop in the number of correspondents stationed abroad and the recent decline of the newspaper industry, many fear that foreign reporting will soon no longer exist. But as Hamilton shows in this magisterial work, traditional correspondence survives alongside a new type of reporting. Journalism's Roving Eye offers a keen understanding of the vicissitudes in foreign news, an understanding imperative to better seeing what lies ahead.

International Journalism

Author: Kevin Williams
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1446249964
Format: PDF, Kindle
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"Kevin Williams has authored an account of "foreign" correspondence and international journalism that is the most comprehensively-sourced, inclusive, contextualized, timely and critical in its field. At last, we have an account that acknowledges that the largest employers of "foreign" correspondents for nearly two hundred years have been and continue to be the news agencies; that the occupation is rooted in a history of imperialism, post-colonialism and commercialization, whose vestiges today are all too apparent; that the impacts of so-called "new media" on the amount, range and quality of international news, while significant, are less dramatic and less positive than commonly supposed." - Oliver Boyd-Barrett, Bowling Green State University, Ohio What is the future of the foreign correspondent - is there one? Tracing the historical development of international reporting, Kevin Williams examines the organizational structures, occupational culture and information environment in which it is practiced to explore the argument that foreign correspondence is becoming extinct in the globalized world. Mapping the institutional, political, economic, cultural, and historical context within which news is gathered across borders, this book reveals how foreign correspondents are adapting to new global and commercial realities in how they gather, adapt and disseminate news. Lucid and engaging, the book expertly probes three global models of reporting - Anglo-American, European and the developing world - to lay bare the forces of technology, commercial constraint and globalization that are changing how journalism is practiced and understood. Essential reading for students of journalism, this is a timely and thought-provoking book for anyone who wishes to fully grasp the core issues of journalism and reporting in a global context.