Washback in Language Testing

Author: Liying Cheng
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135643032
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Washback refers to the influence of language testing on teaching and learning. This volume, at the important intersection of language testing and teaching practices, presents theoretical, methodological, and practical guidance for current and future washback studies. In the field of language testing, researchers' major interest has traditionally been focused on issues and solving problems inherent in tests in order to increase their reliability and validity. However, the washback effect goes well beyond the test itself to include factors, such as curriculum, teacher and learner behaviors inside and outside the classroom, their perceptions of the test, and how test scores are used. Only recently have researchers started to empirically investigate the phenomenon of washback. This volume of such research serves two essential purposes by: *providing an overview of the complexity of washback and the various contextual factors entangled within testing, teaching, and learning; and *presenting empirical studies from around the world that offer insights into the effects of washback in specific educational contexts and models of research on which future studies can be based. The extensive use of test scores for various educational and social purposes in society nowadays makes the washback effect a high-interest phenomenon in the day-to-day educational activities of teachers, researchers, program coordinators/directors, policymakers, and others in the field of education. Washback in Language Testing: Research Contexts and Methods is a valuable resource for those who are interested in the application of findings to actual teaching and learning situations or conduct washback research in their own contexts, including educational and psychological testing experts, as well as alternative assessment people in all fields, and for policy- and decision-makers in educational and testing organizations.

The Sociocultural Activity of High Stakes Standardised Language Testing

Author: Dawn Karen Booth
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 331970446X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book explores the influence of high stakes standardised testing within the context of South Korea. South Korea is regarded as a shining example of success in educational achievement and, as this book reveals, pressurised standardised testing has been a major contributing factor to its success. This unique country provides an excellent setting from which to explore the powerful relationship that exists between testing and learning and can advance our understanding of which factors and test conditions will positively and negatively influence learning. This book follows the test activity of a group of Korean university students preparing for the TOEIC (Test of English for International Communication) and posits a revised model of the influence of testing on learning. It calls for a more socially situated view of tests and test-takers considered in relation to the sociocultural, historical, political and economic contexts in which they are embedded.

Revisiting EFL Assessment

Author: Rahma Al-Mahrooqi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319326015
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This book examines acknowledged practices and demonstrates to teachers how to make the most out of their assessment practices. It also explores different assessment methods for skills such as reading, writing, listening and speaking. Forecasting the future of assessment and where concepts like alternative assessment and dynamic assessment are heading, it also shows how relatively new teaching methods such as communicative methodologies and problem-based learning are reflected in assessment. This book represents a forum where contributors have presented their research and innovative ideas and practices on the important topic of assessment and opened a fresh debate on it. It offers an excellent reference guide for EFL teachers, practitioners, researchers and testing and assessment specialists. Each chapter examines central issues in assessment and their connection with teaching and learning in EFL contexts.

IELTS Washback in Context

Author: Anthony Green
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 052169292X
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This volume investigates the washback of the IELTS Writing test on English for Academic Purposes provision.

Classroom based Assessment in L2 Contexts

Author:
Publisher:
ISBN: 1443895520
Format: PDF, ePub
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This edited volume addresses issues that promote the notion of Classroom-based Language Assessment (CBLA) for the academic community and beyond. The book explores recent thinking and research on CBLA within the fields of language testing, assessment and general education based on theoretical and research papers presented at the recent CBLA SIG – EALTA Symposia held in Cyprus and the pre-conference EALTA workshops in various countries around Europe. The volume contains 17 chapters which involve both high-stakes tests and classroom-based assessments conducted by academics, professionals and researchers in the field. It brings together high-quality submissions that cover a gap in a research area that has long been in need of theoretical and empirical attention. Overall, this edited collection, with its international scope, offers a ground-breaking resource, bringing together in balanced relationship the fields of education and second language testing and assessment.

Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning

Author: Michael Byram
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136235531
Format: PDF, ePub
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The Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an authoritative reference dealing with all aspects of this increasingly important field of study. Offering a comprehensive range of articles on contemporary language teaching and its history, it has been produced specifically for language teaching professionals and as a reference work for academic studies at postgraduate level. In this new edition, every single entry has been reviewed and updated with reference to new developments and publications. Coverage has been expanded to reflect new technological, global and academic developments, with particular attention to areas such as online and distance learning, teacher and learner cognition, testing, assessment and evaluation, global English and teacher education. Themes and disciplines covered include: Methods and materials, including new technologies and materials development Contexts and concepts, such as mediation, risk-taking in language learning and intercomprehension Influential figures from the early days of language teaching to the contemporary Related disciplines, such as psychology, anthropology and corpus linguistics? It covers the teaching of specific languages, including Japanese, Chinese, Arabic and African languages, as well as English, French, German and Spanish. There are thirty five overview articles dealing with issues such as communicative language teaching, early language learning, teacher education and syllabus and curriculum design. A further 160 entries focus on topics such as bilingualism, language laboratories and study abroad. Numerous shorter items examine language and cultural institutions, professional associations and acronyms. Multiple cross-references enable the user to browse from one entry to another, and there are suggestions for further reading. Written by an international team of specialists, the Routledge Encyclopedia of Language Teaching and Learning is an invaluable resource and reference manual for anyone with a professional or academic interest in the subject.

English Language Assessment and the Chinese Learner

Author: Liying Cheng
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1135213879
Format: PDF
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'This volume addresses a very timely and important topic, and provides both broad and in-depth coverage of a number of large-scale English tests in China, including Hong Kong and Taiwan, and about the Chinese learner.' – Lyle F. Bachman, From the Foreword Building on current theoretical and practical frameworks for English language assessment and testing, this book presents a comprehensive, up-to-date, relevant picture of English language assessment for students in China (Mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan) and for Chinese learners of English around the world. Written by well-recognized international scholars in language testing, it covers: the history of tests and testing systems, issues and challenges, and current research in China both test-designers’ and test-users’ points of view on test development and test validation within a range of political, economical, social, and financial contexts in China theoretical/conceptual perspectives on the use of the English language assessment at different levels, including societal, university, and schools empirical research related specifically to test development, curricular innovation, and test validation Given the long history of objective testing and its extensive use in Chinese society, and considering the sheer number of students taking various tests in English in China and elsewhere, an understanding of the impact of English language testing is essential for anyone involved in testing and assessment issues in China and elsewhere in the world. This is a must-read volume for testing and assessment policy makers, curriculum designers, researchers, ESL/EFL materials writers, graduate students, and English language teachers/researchers at all levels.

Changing Language Teaching Through Language Testing

Author: Liying Cheng
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521544733
Format: PDF
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Despite persistent assertions of washback (the influence of testing on teaching and learning) limited research studies have been undertaken on the subject. Even fewer studies have made use of quantitative and qualitative methods to examine washback. This book, at the intersection of language testing and teaching practices/programs, investigates the impact of the introduction of the 1996 Hong Kong Certificate of Education in English, a high-stakes public examination, on classroom teaching and learning in Hong Kong secondary schools. The washback effect was observed initially at the macro level, including different parties within the Hong Kong educational context, and subsequently at the micro level, in terms of the classroom, including aspects of teachers' attitudes, teaching content and classroom interactions. Further, the book offers insights into the concept that a test can be used as a change agent to encourage innovation in the classroom.

Testing in Language Programs

Author: James Dean Brown
Publisher: McGraw-Hill College
ISBN: 9780072948363
Format: PDF
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Testing in Language Programsis a comprehensive text for teachers and students in teacher-training courses in language testing and assessment. Ideal for both classroom use and personal reference, this book targets the needs of those making both programme-level (e.g. admissions, proficiency and placement) as well as classroom-level testing decisions (e.g. assessing what students have learned through diagnostic and achievement testing). This is the Testing In Language Programs text.