What Is Sexual Harassment

Author: Abigail Saguy
Publisher: Univ of California Press
ISBN: 9780520936973
Format: PDF, Kindle
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In France, a common notion is that the shared interests of graduate students and their professors could lead to intimate sexual relations, and that regulations curtailing those relationships would be both futile and counterproductive. By contrast, many universities and corporations in the United States prohibit sexual relationships across hierarchical lines and sometimes among coworkers, arguing that these liaisons should have no place in the workplace. In this age of globalization, how do cultural and legal nuances translate? And when they differ, how are their subtleties and complexities understood? In comparing how sexual harassment—a concept that first emerged in 1975—has been defined differently in France and the United States, Abigail Saguy explores not only the social problem of sexual harassment but also the broader cultural concerns of cross-national differences and similarities.

The Politics of Sexual Harassment

Author: Kathrin S. Zippel
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139450670
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Sexual harassment, in particular in the workplace, is a controversial topic which often makes headline news. What accounts for the cross-national variation in laws, employer policies, and implementation of policies dealing with sexual harassment in the workplace? Why was the United States on the forefront of policy and legal solutions, and how did this affect politicization of sexual harassment in the European Union and its member states? Exploring the way sexual harassment has become a global issue, Kathrin Zippel draws on theories of comparative feminist policy, gender and welfare state regimes, and social movements to explore the distinct paths that the United States, the European Union and its member states, specifically Germany, have embarked on to address the issue. This comparison provides invaluable insights on the role of transnational movements in combatting sexual harassment, and on future efforts to implement the European Union Directive of 2002.

Thinking about Sexual Harassment

Author: Margaret A. Crouch
Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand
ISBN: 9780195143775
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This illuminating work on one of today's most provocative issues provides all the necessary information for careful, critical thinking about the concept of sexual harassment. Sure to spark intense discussion, it clearly explains a complex notion and is appropriate for anyone broadly curious about the issue.

What s Wrong with Fat

Author: Abigail Saguy
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199857083
Format: PDF
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The United States, we are told, is facing an obesity epidemic, a "battle of the bulge" that requires drastic and immediate action. Some have predicted that, due to increasing rates of overweight and obesity, this generation will be the first to die at a younger age than their parents. Obesityhas been blamed for increasing healthcare expenditure, rising costs of airplane travel, and even global warming. How and why has obesity exploded onto the public health agenda? How does this perspective of obesity as a crisis - as well as how we assign blame and responsibility for obesity - affecthow we feel about our bodies? And how does it inform how medical professionals and the general public treat visibly fat people? Drawing on interviews, statistical analyses, and experimental studies, Abigail Saguy examines the implications of understanding fatness as a medical health risk, disease, and epidemic, and how we've come to understand the issue in these terms. Saguy argues that our current fears build upon acentury-old distaste for fat as a marker of moral failing and low social status. Economic, professional, and political incentives, she demonstrates, have also contributed to the social construction of obesity as a medical problem and as a public health crisis. She also shows how scientific debatesover the relationship between body size and health risk take place within a larger, though often invisible, debate over whether we should understand - or frame - fatness as obesity at all.From obesity to fat acceptance, Saguy examines the various frames in which the idea of fat is viewed - and most importantly acted upon - today. Controversially, she argues that public discussions of the obesity crisis are actually creating the phenomenon that they claim to be dispassionatelyexploring. From the categories we use to discuss overweight and obesity, to the way we frame the crisis, we are literally making ourselves fat. Finally, What's Wrong with Fat? reveals the collateral damage - including the intensification of negative body image and justification of weight-baseddiscrimination - of the war on fat.

Fat Talk

Author: Mimi NICHTER
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 9780674041547
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Surveys show that half of American teen-aged girls are dieting and many are at risk from eating disorders. This text examines differences between the black and white subjects interviewed and the issues that mothers face in raising healthy daughters.

Sexual Harassment in the Indian Bureaucracy

Author: Arundhati Bhattacharyya
Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing
ISBN: 1443864897
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The Indian bureaucracy provides the framework that ensures the successful running of a democratic country, continuing the heritage of the Indian Civil Service during British colonial rule. However, patriarchy has continued to serve as the norm in these institutions, with the sexual harassment of bureaucrats representing a particular challenge. Sexual harassment in the workplace is a hard reality, but systematic studies of this phenomenon are few and far between. In this regard, bureaucracy is an area which needs particular academic analysis. This book addresses this research gap and studies the relevance of socio-economic factors leading to sexual harassment in the Indian bureaucracy in Kolkata, Delhi and Bengaluru. It also explores the levels and forms of this harassment, the gender and position of the harasser, and the level of filing complaints by the victims. Moreover, the reasons behind the silence of the victims regarding filing complaints are also analysed. As such, it is a revealing and illuminating analysis of the hitherto unexplored area of the dynamics of one facet of gender relationships in the Indian bureaucracy. The book will be useful to scholars in the fields of anthropology, law, sociology, economics, social work, political science, gender studies, and development studies, as well as other social sciences.

Directions in Sexual Harassment Law

Author: Catharine A. MacKinnon
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300135305
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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div When it was published twenty-five years ago, Catharine MacKinnon’s pathbreaking work Sexual Harassment of Working Women had a major impact on the development of sexual harassment law. The U.S. Supreme Court accepted her theory of sexual harassment in 1986. Here MacKinnon collaborates with eminent authorities to appraise what has been accomplished in the field and what still needs to be done. An introductory essay by Reva Siegel considers how sexual harassment came to be regulated as sex discrimination. Contributors discuss how law can best address sexual harassment; the importance and definition of consent and unwelcomeness; issues of same-sex harassment; questions of institutional responsibility for sexual harassment in both employment and education settings; considerations of freedom of speech; effects of sexual harassment doctrine on gender and racial justice; and transnational approaches to the problem. An afterword by MacKinnon assesses the changes wrought by sexual harassment law in the past quarter century. /DIV

Making Rights Real

Author: Charles R. Epp
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
ISBN: 0226211665
Format: PDF, Docs
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It’s a common complaint: the United States is overrun by rules and procedures that shackle professional judgment, have no valid purpose, and serve only to appease courts and lawyers. Charles R. Epp argues, however, that few Americans would want to return to an era without these legalistic policies, which in the 1970s helped bring recalcitrant bureaucracies into line with a growing national commitment to civil rights and individual dignity. Focusing on three disparate policy areas—workplace sexual harassment, playground safety, and police brutality in both the United States and the United Kingdom—Epp explains how activists and professionals used legal liability, lawsuit-generated publicity, and innovative managerial ideas to pursue the implementation of new rights. Together, these strategies resulted in frameworks designed to make institutions accountable through intricate rules, employee training, and managerial oversight. Explaining how these practices became ubiquitous across bureaucratic organizations, Epp casts today’s legalistic state in an entirely new light.

The Law of Sexual Harassment

Author: Mane Hajdin
Publisher: Susquehanna University Press
ISBN: 9781575910581
Format: PDF
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"This book examines the question of whether the law about sexual harassment is morally justified, and argues that it is not. While the author has approached that examination as a professional philosopher, the book does not presuppose that its readers belong to any particular academic discipline: it is intended to be of interest to scholars in philosophy, political science, and jurisprudence, but also accessible to other educated readers. No previous familiarity with the law of sexual harassment is assumed, other than the general knowledge that any casual reader of newspapers is bound to have. The book is devoted to arguments that are addressed to all open-minded readers who wish to think about the topic critically."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Poor Kids in a Rich Country

Author: Timothy M. Smeeding
Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation
ISBN: 1610444620
Format: PDF, Mobi
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In Poor Kids in a Rich Country, Lee Rainwater and Timothy Smeeding ask what it means to be poor in a prosperous nation - especially for any country's most vulnerable citizens, its children. In comparing the situation of American children in low-income families with their counterparts in fourteen other countries—including Western Europe, Australia, and Canada—they provide a powerful perspective on the dynamics of child poverty in the United States. Based on the rich data available from the transnational Luxembourg Income Study (LIS), Poor Kids in a Rich Country puts child poverty in the United States in an international context. Rainwater and Smeeding find that while the child poverty rate in most countries has been relatively stable over the past 30 years, child poverty has increased markedly in the United States and Britain—two of the world's wealthiest countries. The book delves into the underlying reasons for this difference, examining the mix of earnings and government transfers, such as child allowances, sickness and maternity benefits, unemployment insurance, and other social assistance programs that go into the income packages available to both single- and dual-parent families in each country. Rainwater and Smeeding call for policies to make it easier for working parents to earn a decent living while raising their children—policies such as parental leave, childcare support, increased income supports for working poor families, and a more socially oriented education policy. They make a convincing argument that our definition of poverty should not be based solely on the official poverty line—that is, the minimum income needed to provide a certain level of consumption—but on the social and economic resources necessary for full participation in society. Combining a wealth of empirical data on international poverty levels with a thoughtful new analysis of how best to use that data, Poor Kids in a Rich Country will provide an essential tool for researchers and policymakers who make decisions about child and family policy.