What Kind of Democracy

Author: Kateřina Vráblíková
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 131722650X
Format: PDF, Docs
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The broad expansion of non-electoral political participation is considered one of the major changes in the nature of democratic citizenship in the 21st century. Most scholars – but also governments, transnational and subnational political institutions, and various foundations – have adopted the notion that contemporary democratic societies need a more politically active citizenry. Yet, contemporary democracies widely differ in the extent to which their citizens get involved in politics beyond voting. Why is political activism other than voting flourishing in the United States, but is less common in Britain and almost non-existent in post-communist countries like Bulgaria? The book shows that the answer does not lie in citizen’s predispositions, social capital or institutions of consensual democracy. Instead, the key to understanding cross-country differences in political activism beyond voting rests in democratic structures that combine inclusiveness and contestation. What Kind of Democracy? is the first book to provide a theoretically driven empirical analysis of how different types of democratic arrangements affect individual participation in non-electoral politics.

Manipulating Political Decentralisation

Author: Lovise Aalen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315472392
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Can autocrats establish representative subnational governments? And which strategies of manipulation are available if they would like to reduce the uncertainty caused by introducing political decentralisation? In the wake of local government reforms, several states across the world have introduced legislation that provides for subnational elections. This does not mean that representative subnational governments in these countries are all of a certain standard. Political decentralisation should not be confused with democratisation, as the process is likely to be manipulated in ways that do not produce meaningful avenues for political participation and contestation locally. Using examples from Africa, Lovise Aalen and Ragnhild L. Muriaas propose five requirements for representative subnational governments and four strategies that national governments might use to manipulate the outcome of political decentralisation. The case studies of Ethiopia, Malawi, South Africa, and Uganda illustrate why autocrats sometimes are more open to competition at the subnational level than democrats. Manipulating Political Decentralisation provides a new conceptual tool to assess representative subnational governments' quality, aiding us in building theories on the consequences of political decentralisation on democratisation.

Trust and Terror Open Access

Author: Ammar Shamaileh
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315505797
Format: PDF, Docs
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Why do some individuals choose to protest political grievances via non-violent means, while others take up arms? What role does whom we trust play in how we collectively act? This book explores these questions by delving into the relationship between interpersonal trust and the nature of the political movements that individuals choose to join. Utilizing the examples of the Arab Spring uprisings in Egypt, Libya and Syria, a novel theoretical model that links the literature on social capital and interpersonal trust to violent collective action is developed and extended. Beyond simply bringing together two lines of literature, this theoretical model can serve as a prism from which the decision to join terrorist organizations or violent movements may be analyzed. The implications of the theory are then examined more closely through an in-depth look at the behavior of members of political movements at the outset of the Arab Spring, as well as statistical tests of the relationship between interpersonal trust and terrorism in the Middle East and globally. Trust and Terror will be of interest to scholars of Comparative Politics and International Relations.

Agrarian Structure Political Power

Author: Evelyne Huber
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre
ISBN:
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The troubled history of democracy in Latin America has been the subject of much scholarly commentary. This volume breaks new ground by systematically exploring the linkages among the historical legacies of large landholding patterns, agrarian class relations, and authoritarian versus democratic trajectories in Latin American countries. The essays address questions about the importance of large landownders for the national economy, the labor needs and labor relations of these landowners, attempts of landowners to enlist the support of the state to control labor, and the democratic forms of rule in the twentieth century.

Theorie der Sozialen Demokratie

Author: Thomas Meyer
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 3322873595
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Die Demokratietheorie kennzeichnet ein merkwürdiges Paradox. Während die kapitalistische Marktwirtschaft zumeist als ermöglichende Bedingung liberaler Demokratie verstanden wird, gelten die radikalen Ungleichheiten, die sie erzeugt, zugleich auch als eine ihrer zentralen Gefährdungen. Die hier vorgelegte Theorie der sozialen Demokratie klärt die Bedingungen, die erfüllt sein müssen, wenn der Anspruch rechtsstaatlicher Demokratie uneingeschränkt erfüllt sein soll. Sie begründet im Anschluss an die jüngste empirische Forschung die Anforderungen an die Einbettung der Märkte, den grundrechtsgestützten Sozialstaat, die gesellschaftliche Demokratisierung und faire Globalisierung, die dafür erfüllt sein müssen. Nicht die libertäre Demokratie mit ihrer Fixierung auf Markt- und Eigentumsfreiheit, sondern erst die soziale Demokratie gewährleistet die Erfüllung aller Grundrechte des demokratischen Rechtsstaates. Die Theorie der sozialen Demokratie ist theoretisch anspruchsvoll, aber zugleich auf die Bedingungen praktischen Handelns in der globalisierten Gegenwartswelt bezogen.

Demokratie und Demokratiemessung

Author: Hans-Joachim Lauth
Publisher: Springer-Verlag
ISBN: 366301617X
Format: PDF, Docs
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Diese Arbeit verknüpft die theoretische Demokratiediskussion mit dem neuen Forschungsgebiet der Demokratiemessung. Zwei zentrale Fragen liegen der Untersuchung zugrunde: Wann ist ein politisches System als Demokratie zu verstehen und wie demokratisch ist eine bestehende Demokratie? Der Autor verfolgt drei grundlegende Ziele: 1. die Konstruktion eines Demokratiemodells für den interkulturellen Vergleich, 2. die Identifizierung zentraler Institutionen der Demokratie unter Einbezug der Relevanz informeller Institutionen und 3. die Entwicklung einer Messanlage zur empirischen Bestimmung von Demokratien.