What Really Causes Global Warming

Author: Peter Langdon Ward, Ph.D
Publisher: Morgan James Publishing
ISBN: 1630477990
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Science Is Never “Settled” Thousands of scientists are convinced beyond any reasonable doubt that recent global warming is being caused by emissions of greenhouse gases and that we must act immediately to reduce these emissions or else we may render Earth unlivable for our children and our grandchildren. Some even say “the science is settled.” What Really Causes Global Warming examines a broad range of observations that show that greenhouse warming theory is not only misguided, but not physically possible. Recent warming was caused by ozone depletion due to emissions of human-manufactured gases. We solved that problem with the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer stopping the increase in global temperatures by 1998. Volcanoes also deplete ozone. The eruption of Bárðarbunga volcano in central Iceland from August 2014 to February 2015—the largest effusive, basaltic, volcanic eruption since 1783—caused 2015 to be the hottest year on record. How can we adapt? “The work of science has nothing whatever to do with consensus. Consensus is the business of politics. Science, on the contrary, requires only one investigator who happens to be right, which means that he or she has results that are verifiable by reference to the real world.”— Michael Crichton, 2003

Ozone Depletion Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change

Author:
Publisher: National Academies
ISBN:
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The motivation for the organization of this symposium was the accumulation of evidence from many sources, both short- and long-term, that the global climate is in a state of change. Data which defy integrated explanation including temperature, ozone, methane, precipitation and other climate-related trends have presented troubling problems for atmospheric science since the 1980's. Ten papers from this symposium are presented here: (1) "Global Change and the Changing Atmosphere" (William C. Clark); (2) "Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: Global Processes" (Daniel L. Albritton); (3) "Stratospheric Ozone Depletion: Antarctic Processes" (Robert T. Watson); (4) "The Role of Halocarbons in Stratospheric Ozone Depletion" (F. Sherwood Rowland); (5) "Heterogenous Chemical Processes in Ozone Depletion" (Mario J. Molina); (6) "Free Radicals in the Earth's Atmosphere: Measurement and Interpretation" (James G. Anderson); (7) "Theoretical Projections of Stratospheric Change Due to Increasing Greenhouse Gases and Changing Ozone Concentrations" (Jerry D. Mahlman); (8) "Historical Trends in Atmospheric Methane Concentration and the Temperature Sensitivity of Methane Outgassing from Boreal and Polar Regions" (Robert C. Harriss); (9) "Global Temperature Trends" (Kevin E. Trenberth); and (10) "Use of Numerical Models to Project Greenhouse Gas-Induced Warming in Polar Regions (The Conceptual Basis Developed Over the Last Twenty Years)" (Robert E. Dickinson). A glossary of terms, agendas, and a list of participants are appended. (CW)

Understanding Atmospheric Change

Author: Henry Hengeveld
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
ISBN: 9780788106354
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Addresses two major environmental issues associated with the earth1s atmosphere: global warming and the depletion of the atmosphere1s ozone layer. Begins with an assessment of how the atmosphere naturally influences the earth1s climate and how that climate has behaved in the past. It also deals with the potential depletion of the upper atmosphere1s protective ozone layer. The final chapter considers the linkages between these two issues, other atmospheric pollution problems, and human behavior, and examines what is being done and must be done to respond, both nationally and internationally. 40 charts, maps and tables. Emphasis on Canada.

Ozone and Climate Change

Author: Stephen J. Reid
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9789056992323
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Humankind has dramatically altered the composition of the atmosphere during the past 150 years, chiefly by increasing the concentrations of naturally occurring greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and, in the last half century, by introducing new ones. Excessive amounts of greenhouse gases trap heat, which the earth would normally radiate back to space, thereby affecting the energy-storage capacity of the atmosphere and oceans. In recent decades the ozone layer has been severely damaged by man-made chemicals called chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs). Though their use is now prohibited, they will remain in the atmosphere for many decades and, with their effects exacerbated by global warming, will continue to destroy ozone for many years to come. The greatest concern for our well-being during the next millennium is that a modified climate now seems inevitable. How much can we afford to let it change? This highly accessible book introduces and explains the processes causing these interrelated environmental crises, examines the measures currently being formulated to tackle them, and considers how effective such measures are likely to be.

Historical Dictionary of Environmentalism

Author: Peter Dauvergne
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 1442269618
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This second edition of Historical Dictionary of Environmentalism contains a chronology, an introduction, and an extensive bibliography. The dictionary section has over 300 cross-referenced entries on important events, issues, organizations, ideas, and people shaping the direction of environmentalism worldwide.

Challenge of Global Warming

Author: Timothy Wirth
Publisher: Island Press
ISBN: 9781597269254
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Challenge of Global Warming examines the causes and effects of global climate change.

Global Warming

Author: Frances Drake
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1444165615
Format: PDF, ePub
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First published in 2000. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Ozone Depletion Greenhouse Gases and Climate Change

Author: Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
Publisher: National Academies Press
ISBN: 0309039452
Format: PDF, Kindle
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Ozone depletion in the stratosphere and increases in greenhouse gases in the troposphere are both subjects of growing concern--even alarm--among scientists, policymakers, and the public. At the same time, recent data show that these atmospheric developments are interconnected and in turn profoundly affect climatic conditions. This volume presents the most up-to-date data and theories available on ozone depletion, greenhouse gases, and climatic change. These questions and more are addressed: What is the current understanding of the processes that destroy ozone in the atmosphere? What role do greenhouse gases play in ozone depletion?

Natural UV Radiation in Enhancing Survival Value and Quality of Plants

Author: Swati Sen Mandi
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 8132227670
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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This book is the first of its kind to highlight the positive impact of natural UV radiation on plants through unique adaptations in various metabolic pathways, and provides an evolutionary sketch of the development of molecular mechanisms for protecting plants from solar UV ever since their migration to terrestrial habitats. Experimental evidence is provided for establishing how plants, through their stationary habit in the open field, survive and flourish by developing suitable UV acclimation strategies through the repair of damaged macromolecules and/or upregulation of screening compounds viz. flavonoids. Presenting an analysis of related literature, it also highlights the importance of outdoor experiments over those in closed chamber under artificial UV light for obtaining realistic data. The book presents a comprehensive account of the stratospheric ozone layer, its formation and seasonal thinning, with particular reference to alarming anthropogenic destruction of the ozone layer since the last quarter of the twentieth century, which has resulted in increased UV fluence on Earth. It discusses variations in the hazardous impact of UV on life at different latitudes through the ages, and examines altitudinal variations in UV effects in case studies demonstrating high antioxidant content and aroma status in Darjeeling tea leaves (at high altitudes) compared with those of the same tea clones in Assam leaves (at low altitudes), with both sites being at the same latitude. It provides evidence which suggests that the UV effects relating to the expression of seed vigour-viability could be epigenetic. Further, it presents recently developed microscopic technologies for demonstrating the penetration of UV into plant cells, and discusses how cellular metabolism can be affected either directly or via signal transduction. Effect of damage in DNA (the key target of UV radiation) has been demonstrated and estimated using precise techniques. The latest “FOX Hunting” technique as a useful means of transcriptome analysis that may be used for developing UV tolerant plants through Marker Assisted Breeding has also been discussed. Using biochemical and biotechnological methods, the experiments presented highlight the gene X environment based upregulation of specific metabolic pathways, allowing i) value addition in plant-derived food, and ii) paving the way for the industrial manufacture of Alternative Medicine products. The book is enriched by a critical review of the available literature and appropriate case studies selected from the author’s own findings, which span nearly four decades of active research.