Who Shall Live

Author: Victor R. Fuchs
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814354872
Format: PDF
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Problems and choices -- Who shall live? -- The physician : the captain of the team -- The hospital : the house of hope -- Drugs : the key to modern medicine -- Paying for medical care.

Consumer Economics A Practical Overview

Author: Steven Dale Soderlind
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1315291592
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This work focuses on the service economy, it introduces the fundamentals of markets, consumer choice, financial assessment, risk avoidance, and other topics.

American Economic Policy in the 1990s

Author: Jeffrey A. Frankel
Publisher: MIT Press
ISBN: 9780262561518
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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An examination of U.S. economic policy in the 1990s, by leading policy makers as well as academic economists.

Irrationality in Health Care

Author: Douglas E. Hough
Publisher: Stanford University Press
ISBN: 0804785740
Format: PDF, ePub
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The health care industry in the U.S. is peculiar. We spend close to 18% of our GDP on health care, yet other countries get better results—and we don't know why. To date, we still lack widely accepted answers to simple questions, such as "Would requiring everyone to buy health insurance make us better off?" Drawing on behavioral economics as an alternative to the standard tools of health economics, author Douglas E. Hough seeks to more clearly diagnose the ills of health care today. A behavioral perspective makes sense of key contradictions—from the seemingly irrational choices that we sometimes make as patients, to the incongruous behavior of physicians, to the morass of the long-lived debate surrounding reform. With the new health care law in effect, it is more important than ever that consumers, health care industry leaders, and the policymakers who are governing change reckon with the power and sources of our behavior when it comes to health.

Rationing Health Care

Author: André den Exter
Publisher: Maklu
ISBN: 9046605256
Format: PDF, Mobi
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'Medical need' is a factor in health care access decision-making, but merit-considerations are becoming important too. In the shortening of waiting time, priority arrangements are considered and/or introduced, based on non-medical criteria. Simultaneously, in terms of financing, health status has become important due to payment arrangements, limited insurance package options, etc. At the same time, health status disparities, due to socioeconomic inequalities, seem to be increasing. Under these circumstances, confronted with increased health spending, it is expected that rationing will become more eminent. Due to this, the emerging relevant questions are: Who will be responsible for rationing (the market, governments, bureaucrats, physicians, or others)? * How does it function (explicit or implicit)? * What are relevant and acceptable selection criteria (QUALYs, DALYs, health status, sex, age, etc.)? * To what extent is current rationing just? * What can be done to make it more just? *

Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health

Author: Ellen L. Idler
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199389861
Format: PDF, Docs
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Frequently in partnership, but sometimes at odds, religious institutions and public health institutions work to improve the well-being of their communities. There is increasing awareness among public health professionals and the general public that the social conditions of poverty, lack of education, income inequality, poor working conditions, and experiences of discrimination play a dominant role in determining health status. But this broad view of the social determinants of health has largely ignored the role of religious practices and institutions in shaping the life conditions of billions around the globe. In Religion as a Social Determinant of Public Health, leading scholars in the social sciences, public health, and religion address this omission by examining the embodied sacred practices of the world's religions, the history of alignment and tension between religious and public health institutions, the research on the health impact of religious practice throughout the life course, and the role of religious institutions in health and development efforts around the globe. In addition, the volume explores religion's role in the ongoing epidemics of HIV/AIDS and Alzheimer's disease, as well as preparations for an influenza pandemic. Together, these groundbreaking essays help complete the picture of the social determinants of health by including religion, which has until now been an invisible determinant.

Beneficence and Health Care

Author: E.E. Shelp
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9400977697
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The meaning and application of the principle of beneficence to issues in health care is rarely clear or certain. Although the principle is frequently employed to justify a variety of actions and inactions, very little has been done from a conceptual point of view to test its relevance to these behaviors or to explore its relationship to other moral principles that also might be called upon to guide or justify conduct. Perhaps more than any other, the principle of benef icence seems particularly appropriate to contexts of health care in which two or more parties interact from positions of relative strength and weakness, advantage and need, to pursue some perceived goal. It is among those moral principles that Tom L. Beauchamp and James F. Childress selected in their textbook on bioethics as applicable to biomedicine in general and relevant to a range of specific issues ([1], pp. 135-167). More narrowly, The National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behav ioral Research identified beneficence as among those moral principles that have particular relevance to the conduct of research involving humans (2). Thus, the principle of beneficence is seen as pertinent to the routine delivery of health care, the discovery of new therapies, and the rationale of public policies related to health care.