Why Prison

Author: David Scott
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 110729245X
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Prison studies has experienced a period of great creativity in recent years, and this collection draws together some of the field's most exciting and innovative contemporary critical writers in order to engage directly with one of the most profound questions in penology - why prison? In addressing this question, the authors connect contemporary penological thought with an enquiry that has received the attention of some of the greatest thinkers on punishment in the past. Through critical exploration of the theories, policies and practices of imprisonment, the authors analyse why prison persists and why prisoner populations are rapidly rising in many countries. Collectively, the chapters provide not only a sophisticated diagnosis and critique of global hyper-incarceration but also suggest principles and strategies that could be adopted to radically reduce our reliance upon imprisonment.

The Crisis of Imprisonment

Author: Rebecca M. McLennan
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139467484
Format: PDF
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America's prison-based system of punishment has not always enjoyed the widespread political and moral legitimacy it has today. In this groundbreaking reinterpretation of penal history, Rebecca McLennan covers the periods of deep instability, popular protest, and political crisis that characterized early American prisons. She details the debates surrounding prison reform, including the limits of state power, the influence of market forces, the role of unfree labor, and the 'just deserts' of wrongdoers. McLennan also explores the system that existed between the War of 1812 and the Civil War, where private companies relied on prisoners for labor. Finally, she discusses the rehabilitation model that has primarily characterized the penal system in the twentieth century. Unearthing fresh evidence from prison and state archives, McLennan shows how, in each of three distinct periods of crisis, widespread dissent culminated in the dismantling of old systems of imprisonment.

Prisoner Reentry in the Era of Mass Incarceration

Author: Daniel P. Mears
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 148331670X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Understanding and Improving Prisoner Reentry Outcomes Prisoner Reentry is an engaging and comprehensive examination of prisoner reentry and how to improve public safety, well-being, and justice in the “era of mass incarceration.” Renowned authors Daniel P. Mears and Joshua C. Cochran investigate historical trends in incarceration and punishment policy, the salience of in-prison and post-prison contexts and experiences for reentry, and the importance of understanding group differences in offending, punishment, and social context. Using extensive reliance on both theory and empirical research, the authors identify how reentry reflects criminal justice policy in America and, at the same time, has profound implications for crime prevention and justice. Readers will develop a diverse foundation for current policies, identify the implications of reentry for families, community, and society at large, and gain a conceptual and empirical toolkit for analyzing and improving the lives of those released from prison.

Crime Punishment and the Prison in China

Author: Frank Dikötter
Publisher: C. HURST & CO. PUBLISHERS
ISBN: 9781850654827
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An examination of the enormous changes in Chinese society in the first half of the 20th century through the lens of the Chinese prison system. More than a simple history of prison rules or penal administration, the text offers a social and cultural analysis of the Chinese prison system that explores the profound effects and lasting repercussions of superimposing Western-derived models of repentance and rehabilitation on traditional categories of crime and punishment.

The SAGE Handbook of Punishment and Society

Author: Jonathan Simon
Publisher: SAGE
ISBN: 1848606753
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The SAGE Handbook of Punishment and Society draws together this disparate and expansive field of punishment and society into one compelling new volume. Headed by two of the leading scholars in the field, Jonathan Simon and Richard Sparks have crafted a comprehensive and definitive resource that illuminates some of the key themes in this complex area – from historical and prospective issues to penal trends and related contributions through theory, literature and philosophy. Incorporating a stellar and international line-up of contributors the book addresses issues such as: capital punishment, the civilizing process, gender, diversity, inequality, power, human rights and neoliberalism.

Judicial Review and Bureaucratic Impact

Author: Simon Halliday
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521547864
Format: PDF, ePub
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International scholars from political science and law/socio-legal studies present new research which focuses on the relationship between judicial review and bureaucratic behaviour. Individual chapters consider fundamental conceptual and methodological issues, in addition to presenting empirical case studies from various parts of the world: the United States, Canada, Australia, Israel, and the United Kingdom. This is a landmark text offering an international, interdisciplinary and empirical perspective on judicial review's impact on bureaucracies. It will significantly advance the research agenda concerning judicial review and its relationship to social change.

The Gacaca Courts Post Genocide Justice and Reconciliation in Rwanda

Author: Phil Clark
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139490168
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Since 2001, the Gacaca community courts have been the centrepiece of Rwanda's justice and reconciliation programme. Nearly every adult Rwandan has participated in the trials, principally by providing eyewitness testimony concerning genocide crimes. Lawyers are banned from any official involvement, an issue that has generated sustained criticism from human rights organisations and international scepticism regarding Gacaca's efficacy. Drawing on more than six years of fieldwork in Rwanda and nearly five hundred interviews with participants in trials, this in-depth ethnographic investigation of a complex transitional justice institution explores the ways in which Rwandans interpret Gacaca. Its conclusions provide indispensable insight into post-genocide justice and reconciliation, as well as the population's views on the future of Rwanda itself.

Prisoner Reentry and Crime in America

Author: Jeremy Travis
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 9780521849166
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The contributors question the causes of public concern about the number of returning prisoners, the public safety consequences of prisoners returning to the community and the political and law enforcement responses to the issue.

Studies in Law Politics and Society

Author: Austin Sarat
Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing
ISBN: 0857246151
Format: PDF, Mobi
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This volume of Studies in Law, Politics, and Society includes a special collection of chapters entitled Making Sense of the Past: When History Meets Law. The articles in this symposium consider the ways in which history has shaped law and how we make sense of past events. In addition, the volume contains general articles that explore pressing legal issues such as the prison boom, First Amendment controversies, and the work of cause lawyers. As has long been the tradition with this series, Volume 53 illustrates the vibrancy of interdisciplinary legal scholarship throughout.

The Prisoner Society

Author: Ben Crewe
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 019162974X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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While the use of imprisonment continues to rise in developed nations, we have little sociological knowledge of the prison's inner world. Based on extensive fieldwork in a medium-security prison in the UK, HMP Wellingborough, The Prisoner Society: Power, Adaptation and Social Life in an English Prison provides an in-depth analysis of the prison's social anatomy. It explains how power is exercised by the institution, individualizing the prisoner community and demanding particular forms of compliance and engagement. Drawing on prisoners' life stories, it shows how different prisoners experience and respond to the new range of penal practices and frustrations. It then explains how the prisoner society - its norms, hierarchy and social relationships - is shaped both by these conditions of confinement and by the different backgrounds, values and identities that prisoners bring into the prison environment.