With Sails Whitening Every Sea

Author: Brian Rouleau
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801455081
Format: PDF, ePub
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Many Americans in the Early Republic era saw the seas as another field for national aggrandizement. With a merchant marine that competed against Britain for commercial supremacy and a whaling fleet that circled the globe, the United States sought a maritime empire to complement its territorial ambitions in North America. In With Sails Whitening Every Sea, Brian Rouleau argues that because of their ubiquity in foreign ports, American sailors were the principal agents of overseas foreign relations in the early republic. Their everyday encounters and more problematic interactions—barroom brawling, sexual escapades in port-city bordellos, and the performance of blackface minstrel shows—shaped how the United States was perceived overseas. Rouleau details both the mariners’ "working-class diplomacy" and the anxieties such interactions inspired among federal authorities and missionary communities, who saw the behavior of American sailors as mere debauchery. Indiscriminate violence and licentious conduct, they feared, threatened both mercantile profit margins and the nation’s reputation overseas. As Rouleau chronicles, the world’s oceans and seaport spaces soon became a battleground over the terms by which American citizens would introduce themselves to the world. But by the end of the Civil War, seamen were no longer the nation’s principal ambassadors. Hordes of wealthy tourists had replaced seafarers, and those privileged travelers moved through a world characterized by consolidated state and corporate authority. Expanding nineteenth-century America’s master narrative beyond the water’s edge, With Sails Whitening Every Sea reveals the maritime networks that bound the Early Republic to the wider world.

The Atlantic World

Author: D'Maris Coffman
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317576055
Format: PDF
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As the meeting point between Europe, colonial America, and Africa, the history of the Atlantic world is a constantly shifting arena, but one which has been a focus of huge and vibrant debate for many years. In over thirty chapters, all written by experts in the field, The Atlantic World takes up these debates and gathers together key, original scholarship to provide an authoritative survey of this increasingly popular area of world history. The book takes a thematic approach to topics including exploration, migration and cultural encounters. In the first chapters, scholars examine the interactions between groups which converged in the Atlantic world, such as slaves, European migrants and Native Americans. The volume then considers questions such as finance, money and commerce in the Atlantic world, as well as warfare, government and religion. The collection closes with chapters examining how ideas circulated across and around the Atlantic and beyond. It presents the Atlantic as a shared space in which commodities and ideas were exchanged and traded, and examines the impact that these exchanges had on both people and places. Including an introductory essay from the editors which defines the field, and lavishly illustrated with paintings, drawings and maps this accessible volume is invaluable reading for all students and scholars of this broad sweep of world history.

Legalist Empire

Author: Benjamin Allen Coates
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0190495979
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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America's empire expanded dramatically following the Spanish-American War of 1898. The United States quickly annexed the Philippines and Puerto Rico, seized control over Cuba and the Panama Canal Zone, and extended political and financial power throughout Latin America. This age of empire, Benjamin Allen Coates argues, was also an age of international law. Justifying America's empire with the language of law and civilization, international lawyers-serving simultaneously as academics, leaders of the legal profession, corporate attorneys, and high-ranking government officials-became central to the conceptualization, conduct, and rationalization of US foreign policy. Just as international law shaped empire, so too did empire shape international law. Legalist Empire shows how the American Society of International Law was animated by the same notions of "civilization" that justified the expansion of empire overseas. Using the private papers and published writings of such figures as Elihu Root, John Bassett Moore, and James Brown Scott, Coates shows how the newly-created international law profession merged European influences with trends in American jurisprudence, while appealing to elite notions of order, reform, and American identity. By projecting an image of the United States as a unique force for law and civilization, legalists reconciled American exceptionalism, empire, and an international rule of law. Under their influence the nation became the world's leading advocate for the creation of an international court. Although the legalist vision of world peace through voluntary adjudication foundered in the interwar period, international lawyers-through their ideas and their presence in halls of power-continue to infuse vital debates about America's global role

Gullivers Reisen

Author: Jonathan Swift
Publisher: Musaicum Books
ISBN: 8027211174
Format: PDF
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Gullivers Reisen ist das bekannteste Werk des irischen Schriftstellers, anglikanischen Priesters und Politikers Jonathan Swift. In dieser Originalfassung besteht der satirische Roman aus vier Teilen. In anschaulicher Erzählweise bringt Swift seine Verbitterung über zeitgenössische Missstände und seine Auffassung von der Relativität der menschlichen Werte zum Ausdruck. Bekannt ist insbesondere die zweiteilige Kinderbuchausgabe, in welcher Gulliver erst das Land der Zwerge entdeckt und dann im Land der Riesen landet. In ihr fehlen die sozialkritischen und satirischen Positionen. Zur Inhalt: Gulliver nimmt eine Tätigkeit auf einem Schiff an und arbeitet bald darauf als Arzt auf dem Schiff. Dieses aber gerät in einen Sturm. Gulliver sucht mit fünf anderen Besatzungsmitgliedern Schutz in einem Ruderboot, das jedoch kentert. Der Schiffbrüchige erreicht einen Strand und schläft dort ein; die anderen Besatzungsmitglieder sieht er nie wieder. Als er aufwacht, findet er sich an Armen, Beinen und Haaren mit Schnüren an den Boden gefesselt. Sechs Zoll kleine Winzlinge klettern auf seinem Körper herum. Gulliver gelingt es, die Fäden an seinem linken Arm zu lösen, worauf die Winzlinge eine Salve von Pfeilen auf ihn abfeuern, woraufhin er beschließt, sich besser ruhig zu verhalten. Die Zwerge bringen ihm zu essen und zu trinken und ziehen ihn sodann auf einem Holzrahmen in ihre Stadt, wo er an einem vor längerer Zeit aufgegebenen Tempelgebäude angekettet wird. Die vier Reisen Gullivers: Nach Liliput, ins Land der zwergenhaften Liliputaner Nach Brobdingnag, ins Land der Riesen Nach Laputa, Balnibarbi, Glubbdubdrib, Luggnagg und Japan Ins Land der Houyhnhnms und Yahoos Jonathan Swift (1667-1745)