Women and the Family

Author: Beth Hess
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317953991
Format: PDF
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Despite the pervasive changes that have taken place in women’s lives in the past twenty-five years--increased participation in the labor force, the attainment of higher levels of education, and higher salaries--comparable changes in the division of family labor and in the roles of men have lagged considerably. In this timely book, the editors and other experts in feminism and family studies examine the effects of two decades of influence by the women’s movement on sex roles and child rearing. While applauding some positive changes, the contributors point to powerful forces of resistance to equality between the sexes, especially “the question of family”--the fear of depriving children of maternal attachment and the belief that working mothers are placing their own interests above those of other family members--as an issue that, until fully addressed, prevents genuine equality between the sexes.

Work rich and Work poor

Author: Richard Berthoud
Format: PDF, ePub
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Though the total number of people in UK employment is now higher than it was in the mid-1970s, changes in the distribution of work leave many more families with no job and no earnings. In this report, Richard Berthoud has undertaken a detailed analysis of UK trends over the past thirty years. About two million adults are in work today, who probably would not have had a job in the mid-1970s. They are mainly mothers, especially those with adequate qualifications, good health, and a working partner. On the other hand, there are another two million adults who would have had a job thirty years ago, but are now out of work. They are mainly disabled men, with poor educational qualifications, and no working partner. These two trends have combined to increase inequality between the work-rich (families with two jobs) and the work-poor (families with no job). The proportion of work-poor has doubled from 7% to 14% over thirty years. Most of them live on social security benefits and have very l

Research on Composition

Author: Peter Smagorinsky
Publisher: Teachers College Press
ISBN: 9780807746370
Format: PDF, Docs
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Covering the period between 1984 and 2003, this authoritative sequel picks up where the earlier volumes (Braddock et al., 1963, and Hillocks, 1986), now classics in the field, left off. It features a broader focus that goes beyond the classroom teaching of writing to include teacher research, second-language writing, rhetoric, home and community literacy, workplace literacy, and histories of writing. Each chapter is written by an expert in the area reviewed and covers both conventional written composition and multimodal forms of composition, including drawing, digital forms, and other relevant media. Research on Composition is an invaluable road map of composition research for the next decade, and required reading for anyone teaching or writing about composition today.

Family Change and Family Policies in Great Britain Canada New Zealand and the United States

Author: Sheila B. Kamerman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198290254
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This is the first volume in a series reporting on the evolution of family policies in twenty Western welfare states and comparing current provisions. The developments are presented in the context of a report on family change for each of the countries, and with a view of the economic, political, and institutional contexts in which they occurred. Each of the country reports in the present volume has been prepared as a team collaboration by internationally recognized experts. The co-editorshave prepared an analytic introduction, which discussed the methodology for the series as well as the hypotheses that emerge from these first case-studies. The topics include family formation and current structural patterns, families and the division of labour, the income of families (earnings, taxation, transfer programmes) as well as the political and institutional context for family policy. An extensive bibliography is provided. About the series: A series of country studies andcomparative analyses examining major changes in the family and the broad specturm of family policies in Western industrial society in the second half of the twentieth century. Vol. 2: The Consociational Democracies: Belgium, Switzerland, and the Netherlands Vol. 3: France and Southern Europe Vol. 4: Capitalist and Socialist Central Europe: Austria, the Germanies, Hungary, and Poland Vol. 5: The Scandinavian Welfare States Vol. 6: Family, Industrial Society, and theWelfare State in the West: Early Variations and Long-Term Developments in Comparative Perspective Vol. 7: Family Policies in the West Since World War II: A Cross-National Analysis

International Family Change

Author: Rukmalie Jayakody
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136676694
Format: PDF, ePub
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Many dimensions of family life have changed. Age at marriage has risen, arranged marriages and extended families have declined, intergenerational relationships have been altered, and contraceptive usage has become widespread. Until now, most explanations have focused on structural influences that emphasize changes in social and economic circumstances and constraints. There is growing recognition, however, that structural changes alone are insufficient and that broad ideational and normative forces must be included in order to better understand family changes around the world. These ideational forces include the growing emphasis on personal freedom, social equality, and individual prerogative. These new ideas are related to the place and role of individuals relative to family and larger community, and to changing norms concerning marriage, the relationships between men and women, the connections across generations, and the place of children in families. Featuring contributions from an international group of scholars, this new book emphasizes the ideational and motivational underpinnings of family life and the ways that attitudinal and value changes have influenced family behavior and relationships. International Family Change examines family attitudes, beliefs, and relationships in virtually every region of the globe, with an emphasis on the theoretical models for examining family changes. In particular, it argues that family life in the Western world is not the sole product of social and economic trends and that family change outside the West is not destined to follow the same trajectory. Chapters focusing on Iran and Vietnam help demonstrate that, rather than following a Western model, some global family change has resulted from rejecting it. The chapters on Nepal and Africa illustrate how the introduction of new ideas through the media and religion can reshape family beliefs. The chapters on Japan and Argentina demonstrate how unique cultural circumstances can influence family change. Intended for researchers and advanced students in human development, family studies, social psychology, sociology, geography, anthropology, economics, and history, this book also serves as a resource for advanced courses on the family and its history, family development, and social change taught in those departments.

Continuity and Change in the American Family

Author: Lynne M. Casper
Publisher: SAGE Publications
ISBN: 9780761920083
Format: PDF, ePub
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This book provides readers with a comprehensive description of the social demography of the American family. Looking at family continuity and change in the latter half of the 20th century, this book explores such topics as the growth in cohabitation and changes in childbearing and how these trends affect family life. Other topics include the changing lives of single mothers, fathers, and grandparents and increasing economic disparities among families; childcare and child well being; and combining paid work and family.