Women in the Qur an Traditions and Interpretation

Author: Barbara Freyer Stowasser
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199761833
Format: PDF, ePub
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Islamic ideas about women and their role in society spark considerable debate both in the Western world and in the Islamic world itself. Despite the popular attention surrounding Middle Eastern attitudes toward women, there has been little systematic study of the statements regarding women in the Qur'an. Stowasser fills the void with this study on the women of Islamic sacred history. By telling their stories in Qur'an and interpretation, she introduces Islamic doctrine and its past and present socio-economic and political applications. Stowasser establishes the link between the female figure as cultural symbol, and Islamic self-perceptions from the beginning to the present time.

Women in the Quran Traditions and Interpretation

Author: Barbara Freyer Stowasser
Publisher:
ISBN: 9780199853397
Format: PDF, Kindle
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By telling the stories of women in Qur'an and interpretation, the author introduces Islamic doctrine and its past and present socio-economic and political applications. She establishes the link between the female figure as cultural symbol, and Islamic self-perceptions from the beginning to the present time.

Contemporary Arab Thought

Author: Elizabeth Suzanne Kassab
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231516177
Format: PDF, ePub
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During the second half of the twentieth century, the Arab intellectual and political scene polarized between a search for totalizing doctrines—nationalist, Marxist, and religious—and radical critique. Arab thinkers were reacting to the disenchanting experience of postindependence Arab states, as well as to authoritarianism, intolerance, and failed development. They were also responding to successive defeats by Israel, humiliation, and injustice. The first book to take stock of these critical responses, this volume illuminates the relationship between cultural and political critique in the work of major Arab thinkers, and it connects Arab debates on cultural malaise, identity, and authenticity to the postcolonial issues of Latin America and Africa, revealing the shared struggles of different regions and various Arab concerns.

Sufi Narratives of Intimacy

Author: Sa'diyya Shaikh
Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press
ISBN: 0807869864
Format: PDF
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Thirteenth-century Sufi poet, mystic, and legal scholar Muhyi al-Din ibn al-'Arabi gave deep and sustained attention to gender as integral to questions of human existence and moral personhood. Reading his works through a critical feminist lens, Sa'diyya Shaikh opens fertile spaces in which new and creative encounters with gender justice in Islam can take place. Grounding her work in Islamic epistemology, Shaikh attends to the ways in which Sufi metaphysics and theology might allow for fundamental shifts in Islamic gender ethics and legal formulations, addressing wide-ranging contemporary challenges including questions of women's rights in marriage and divorce, the politics of veiling, and women's leadership of ritual prayer. Shaikh deftly deconstructs traditional binaries between the spiritual and the political, private conceptions of spiritual development and public notions of social justice, and the realms of inner refinement and those of communal virtue. Drawing on the treasured works of Sufism, Shaikh raises a number of critical questions about the nature of selfhood, subjectivity, spirituality, and society to contribute richly to the prospects of Islamic feminism as well as feminist ethics more broadly.

What Is Veiling

Author: Sahar Amer
Publisher: UNC Press Books
ISBN: 1469617765
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Ranging from simple head scarf to full-body burqa, the veil is worn by vast numbers of Muslim women around the world. What Is Veiling? explains one of the most visible, controversial, and least understood emblems of Islam. Sahar Amer's evenhanded approach is anchored in sharp cultural insight and rich historical context. Addressing the significance of veiling in the religious, cultural, political, and social lives of Muslims, past and present, she examines the complex roles the practice has played in history, religion, conservative and progressive perspectives, politics and regionalism, society and economics, feminism, fashion, and art. By highlighting the multiple meanings of veiling, the book decisively shows that the realities of the practice cannot be homogenized or oversimplified and extend well beyond the religious and political accounts that are overwhelmingly proclaimed both inside and outside Muslim-majority societies. Neither defending nor criticizing the practice, What Is Veiling? clarifies the voices of Muslim women who struggle to be heard and who, veiled or not, demand the right to live spiritual, personal, and public lives in dignity.

Muslim Identities

Author: Aaron W. Hughes
Publisher: Columbia University Press
ISBN: 0231531923
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Rather than focus solely on theological concerns, this well-rounded introduction takes an expansive view of Islamic ideology, culture, and tradition, sourcing a range of historical, sociological, and literary perspectives. Neither overly critical nor apologetic, this book reflects the rich diversity of Muslim identities across the centuries and counters the unflattering, superficial portrayals of Islam that are shaping public discourse today. Aaron W. Hughes uniquely traces the development of Islam in relation to historical, intellectual, and cultural influences, enriching his narrative with the findings, debates, and methodologies of related disciplines, such as archaeology, history, and Near Eastern studies. Hughes's work challenges the dominance of traditional terms and concepts in religious studies, recasting religion as a set of social and cultural facts imagined, manipulated, and contested by various actors and groups over time. Making extensive use of contemporary identity theory, Hughes rethinks the teaching of Islam and religions in general and helps facilitate a more critical approach to Muslim sources. For readers seeking a non-theological, unbiased, and richly human portrait of Islam, as well as a strong grasp of Islamic study's major issues and debates, this textbook is a productive, progressive alternative to more classic surveys.

Aischa und Mohammed

Author: Kamran Pasha
Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag
ISBN: 3104007144
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Farbenprächtiger historischer Roman über die Anfänge des Islams Im 7. Jahrhundert n. Chr. macht ein neuer Prophet in Arabien auf sich aufmerksam. Seine Botschaft der Erleuchtung fegt durch das Land wie ein Wüstensturm und einigt die zerstrittenen Stämme auf der arabischen Halbinsel. Seine junge Frau Aisha begleitet ihn auf diesem Weg: vom Propheten zum Krieger zum Staatsmann. Aber in der Stunde des größten Triumphes, der Rückeroberung von Mekka, wird Mohammed plötzlich krank und stirbt in den Armen seiner Lieblingsfrau. Von nun an wird sie ihren eigenen Weg gehen: Sie wird das Andenken ihres Mannes bewahren und Lehrerin, politische Führerin und Kriegerin werden. »Gut erzählt und genau recherchiert - eine wunderbare Geschichte!« Amy Tan

Papa was ist der Islam

Author: Tahar Ben Jelloun
Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag
ISBN: 382707729X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Ich erzähle hier meinen muslimisch geborenen Kindern vom Islam und von der arabischen Zivilisation - und zugleich allen Kindern, aus welchem Land sie auch kommen, welche Herkunft, Religion, Sprache und welche Hoffnungen sie auch haben. Dies ist weder eine Predigt noch ein Plädoyer. Es ist die einfache und so objektiv wie möglich erzählte Geschichte eines Mannes, der ein Prophet wurde, und auch die Geschichte einer Religion und Zivilisation, deren Beitrag zur Geschichte der Menschheit so groß war. In dieser neuen Ausgabe erkläre ich auch, wie diese Religion und ihre Prinzipien und Werte auf Abwege geführt und in den Dienst einer fanatischen Ideologie gestellt wurden. Mehr denn je muss die Unterrichtung über den Islam und andere monotheistische Religionen verbreitet und vertieft werden. Ich möchte schließlich sagen, dass der Islam mit diesem Buch den Kindern genauso wie ihren Eltern erklärt wird. Tahar Ben Jelloun

Women in the Middle East

Author: Nikki R. Keddie
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 140084505X
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Written by a pioneer in the field of Middle Eastern women's history, Women in the Middle East is a concise, comprehensive, and authoritative history of the lives of the region's women since the rise of Islam. Nikki Keddie shows why hostile or apologetic responses are completely inadequate to the diversity and richness of the lives of Middle Eastern women, and she provides a unique overview of their past and rapidly changing present. The book also includes a brief autobiography that recounts Keddie's political activism as one of the first women in Middle East Studies. Positioning women within their individual economic situations, identities, families, and geographies, Women in the Middle East examines the experiences of women in the Ottoman Empire and Turkey, in Iran, and in all the Arab countries. Keddie discusses the interaction of a changing Islam with political, cultural, and socioeconomic developments. In doing so, she shows that, like other major religions, Islam incorporated ideas and practices of male superiority but also provoked challenges to them. Keddie breaks with notions of Middle Eastern women as faceless victims, and assesses their involvement in the rise of modern nationalist, socialist, and Islamist movements. While acknowledging that conservative trends are strong, she notes that there have been significant improvements in Middle Eastern women's suffrage, education, marital choice, and health.

Der Islam

Author: Hans Küng
Publisher:
ISBN:
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Seit über zwei Jahrzehnten sind die Weltreligionen zentrales Thema von Hans Küng. Mit seinen weltweit einflußreichen Büchern hat er Pionierarbeit für einen Dialog der Kulturen geleistet. In seinem neuen großen Werk bietet er eine profunde Gesamtdarstellung des Islam. Er entfaltet eine fundierte Religionsgeschichte, die über Ursprung, Vergangenheit und Gegenwart des islamischen Glaubens bis in seine mögliche Zukunft reicht. Er beschreibt die Paradigmenwechsel im Lauf der 1400jährigen Geschichte des Islams, zeichnet die unterschiedlichen Strömungen nach und sichtet die Positionen des Islam zu den drängenden Fragen der Gegenwart. Detailliert analysiert der Autor zunächst das Feind-, das Ideal- und ein Realbild des Islam und stellt diese in den Kontext der Geschichte Arabiens an der Peripherie der Großreiche. Dabei liegt sein besonderes Augenmerk auf dem Verhältnis zu den beiden anderen abrahamitischen Religionen. Sehr ausführlich werden Inhalt und Bedeutung des Korans dargestellt. Dabei erweist sich vor allem die Analyse der von ihm sehr anschaulich herausgearbeiteten zentralen Paradigmen als hilfreich, denen er die entsprechenden jüdischen und christlichen Glaubensprinzipien gegenüberstellt. Das Buch bietet eine umfassende Analyse der politischen, kulturellen und religiösen Bedeutung der zahlenmäßig größten Weltreligion neben dem Christentum und zeigt: Ohne einen Dialog mit dem Islam wird es weder einen dauerhaften Weltfrieden noch ein konfliktfreies Miteinander mit den Muslimen in Europa geben. Küng versteht sein Weltethos-Projekt als Gegenentwurf zu dem Paradigma eines Clash of Civilizations, dem er unterstellt ideologische Schützenhilfe dabei geleistet zu haben, "nach dem Ende des Kalten Krieges das Feindbild Kommunismus durch das Feindbild Islam zu ersetzen, weiterhin eine amerikanische Hochrüstung zu rechtfertigen und, gewollt oder ungewollt, eine günstige Atmosphäre für weitere Kriege zu schaffen"