Words and Worlds

Author: Lieven Verschaffel
Publisher: Sense Pub
ISBN: 9789087909369
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download Now
In this strange world, the number of animals on his ship reveals the age of the captain; runners do not get tired, and water gets hotter when added to other water. The world of "word problems" or "story problems" is explored international group of scholars.

From beliefs to dynamic affect systems in mathematics education

Author: Birgit Pepin
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319068083
Format: PDF, ePub
Download Now
This book connects seminal work in affect research and moves forward to provide a developing perspective on affect as the “decisive variable” of the mathematics classroom. In particular, the book contributes and investigates new conceptual frameworks and new methodological ‘tools’ in affect research and introduces the new field of ‘collectives’ to explore affect systems in diverse settings. Investigated by internationally renowned scholars, the book is build up in three dimensions. The first part of the book provides an overview of selected theoretical frames - theoretical lenses - to study the mosaic of relationships and interactions in the field of affect. In the second part the theory is enriched by empirical research studies and provides relevant findings in terms of developing deeper understandings of individuals’ and collectives’ affective systems in mathematics education. Here pupil and teacher beliefs and affect systems are examined more closely. The final part investigates the methodological tools used and needed in affect research. How can the different methodological designs contribute data which help us to develop better understandings of teachers’ and pupils’ affect systems for teaching and learning mathematics and in which ways are knowledge and affect related?

Middle Grades Research Journal Issue

Author: Larry G. Daniel
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 1641132418
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Middle Grades Research Journal (MGRJ) is a refereed, peer reviewed journal that publishes original studies providing both empirical and theoretical frameworks that focus on middle grades education. A variety of articles are published quarterly in March, June, September, and December of each volume year.

Opening the Cage

Author: Ole Skovsmose
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9460918085
Format: PDF, Mobi
Download Now
The picture on the front of this book is an illustration for Totakahini: The tale of the parrot, by Rabindranath Tagore, in which he satirized education as a magnificent golden cage. Opening the cage addresses mathematics education as a complex socio-political phenomenon, exploring the vast terrain that spans critique and politics. Opening the cage includes contributions from educators writing critically about mathematics education in diverse contexts. They demonstrate that mathematics education is politics, they investigate borderland positions, they address the nexus of mathematics, education, and power, and they explore educational possibilities. Mathematics education is not a free enterprise. It is carried on behind bars created by economic, political, and social demands. This cage might not be as magnificent as that in Tagore’s fable. But it is strong. Opening the cage is a critical and political challenge, and we may be surprised to see what emerges.

Consciousness and Robot Sentience

Author: Pentti O Haikonen
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 9814407178
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
Download Now
Robots are becoming more human, but could they also become sentient and have human-like consciousness? What is consciousness, exactly? It is a fact that our thoughts and consciousness are based on the neural activity of the brain. It is also a fact that we do not perceive our brain activity as it really is — patterns of neural firings. Instead, we perceive our sensations and thoughts apparently as they are. What kind of condition would transform the neural activity into this kind of internal appearance? This is the basic problem of consciousness. The author proposes an explanation that also provides preconditions for true conscious cognition — the requirement of a direct perceptive system with inherent sub-symbolic and symbolic information processing. Associative neural information processing with distributed signal representations is introduced as a method that satisfies these requirements. Conscious robot cognition also calls for information integration and sensorimotor integration. This requirement is satisfied by the Haikonen Cognitive Architecture (HCA). This book demystifies both the enigmatic philosophical issues of consciousness and the practical engineering issues of conscious robots by presenting them in an easy-to-understand manner for the benefit of students, researchers, philosophers and engineers in the field. Contents: IntroductionThe Problem of ConsciousnessConsciousness and Subjective ExperiencePerception and QualiaFrom Perception to ConsciousnessEmotions and ConsciousnessInner Speech and ConsciousnessQualia and Machine ConsciousnessTesting ConsciousnessArtificial Conscious CognitionAssociative Information ProcessingNeural Realization of Associative ProcessingDesigning a Cognitive Perception SystemExamples of Perception/Response Feedback LoopsThe Transition to Symbolic ProcessingInformation Integration with Multiple ModulesEmotional Significance of PerceptsThe Outline of the Haikonen Cognitive Architecture (HCA)Mind Reading ApplicationsThe Comparison of Some Cognitive ArchitecturesExample: An Experimental Robot with the HCAConcluding Notes Readership: Enthusiasts in cognitive robot research (including not only experts but also hobbyists), as well as university students, researchers and engineers on robots and/or cognitive machines. Keywords:Artificial Intelligence;Consciousness;Machine Consciousness;RobotsKey Features:Explains consciousness and delves into the treatment of qualia in philosophy and practical conscious robotsPresents an architecture for conscious robotsPresents a simple cognitive robot as an illustrative example

Symbolizing Modeling and Tool Use in Mathematics Education

Author: K.P Gravemeijer
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9781402010323
Format: PDF, Kindle
Download Now
This book explores the option of building on symbolizing, modeling and tool use as personally meaningful activities of students. It discusses the dimension of setting: varying from the study of informal, spontaneous activity of students, to an explicit focus on instructional design, and goals and effects of instruction; and the dimension of the theoretical framework of the researcher: varying from constructivism, to activity theory, cognitive psychology and instructional-design theory.