WTO Disciplines on Agricultural Support

Author: David Orden
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 113950133X
Format: PDF, ePub
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Farm support is contentious in international negotiations. This in-depth assessment of the legal compliance and economic evaluation issues raised by the WTO Agreement on Agriculture presents consistent support data and forward-looking projections for eight developed and developing countries (EU, US, Japan, Norway, Brazil, China, India, Philippines), using original estimates where official notifications are not available. Variations over time in notified support in some cases reflect real policy changes; others merely reflect shifts in how countries represent their measures. The stalled Doha negotiations presage significantly tighter constraints for developed countries that provide the highest support, but loopholes will persist. Developing countries face fewer constraints and their trade-distorting farm support can rise. Pressure points and key remaining issues if a Doha agreement is reached are evaluated. Vigilant monitoring for compliance of farm support with WTO commitments will be required to lessen its negative consequences whether or not the Doha Round is concluded.

Farm Policies and World Markets

Author: Tim Josling
Publisher: World Scientific
ISBN: 981461646X
Format: PDF, Mobi
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The aim of the book is to provide interested readers with access to a number of articles that have been written over the years on the subject of the linkages between domestic farm policies (particularly in developed countries) and world markets for agricultural goods. The scope of the book includes the measurement of protection and the estimation of transfers to agricultural producers, the effect of these policies on consumers and the consequent impact on international trade. A major theme is that the monitoring of the trade and transfer implications of farm policies is an essential first step to addressing the need for internationally agreed disciplines on their nature and extent. The topic of trade impacts of farm policies has become important in two different market situations. When agricultural commodity prices are depressed, attention turns to the activities of countries (particularly developed countries) that support the income of their own farmers but at the expense of farmers in other countries. When prices rise, as they have done in the last five years, the question is reversed: what is the impact of the farm and food policies that restrict exports to keep domestic prices low on food security in other countries? Thus, the narrative of the monitoring of farm policies by international organizations such as the OECD and the disciplining of such policies under the rules of the WTO is as relevant today as in the 1970s when the first efforts in this direction were made. Contents:About the AuthorPreface and AcknowledgementsIntroductionMonitoring the Trade Impacts of Developed Country Farm Policies:Agricultural Protection and Stabilization Policies: Analysis of Current Neomercantilist PracticesMeasuring Levels of Protection in Agriculture: A Survey of Approaches and Results (with Stefan Tangermann)Of Models and Measures: Some Thoughts on the Use and Abuse of Policy IndicatorsDomestic Policies and the Structure of International Markets:Government Price Policies and the Structure of International Agricultural TradeDomestic Agricultural Price Policies and Their Interaction through TradePrice, Stock, and Trade Policies and the Functioning of International Grain MarketsDisciplining Domestic Policies through the GATT and WTO:The GATT: Its Historical Role and Importance to Agricultural Policy and TradeReflections on the Exceptional Treatment of Agriculture in the WTOCompeting Paradigms in the OECD and Their Impact on the WTO Agricultural TalksTrade Conflicts over Domestic Policies:Agricultural Trade Issues in Transatlantic Trade RelationsProduction and Export Subsidies in Agriculture: Lessons from GATT and WTO Disputes Involving the US and the EC (with Stefan Tangermann)Agricultural Trade Disputes in the WTOMonitoring the Compliance of Country Policies with WTO Disciplines:WTO Compliance and Domestic Farm Policy ChangeThe Difficult Task of Disciplining Domestic Support (with David Orden and David Blandford)Transparency and Timeliness: The Monitoring of Agricultural Policies in the WTO using OECD Data (with Klaus Mittenzwei) Readership: Undergraduates, postgraduates, researchers, academics, and policymakers interested in trade in agricultural goods, domestic farm policies, measurement of protection and domestic support estimation. Key Features:Unique book on the topic that includes both the monitoring and the disciplining of farm policiesContains articles written over a number of years that will give the reader a better feel for the continuity of the issues and the development of responses by international agenciesA good introduction to the topic by an author who is well-known and established in the fieldKeywords:Agricultural Policies;Agricultural Trade

Trade in Goods

Author: Petros Mavroidis
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 0199657483
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Rev. ed. of: Trade in goods the GATT and the other agreements regulating trade in goods. [1st ed.]. c2007.

Finishing Global Farm Trade Reform

Author: Kym Anderson
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
ISBN: 1925261352
Format: PDF, ePub
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This study reviews policy developments in recent years and, in the light of that, explores ways in which further consensus might be reached among WTO members to reduce farm trade distortions – and thereby also progress the multilateral trade reform agenda. Particular attention is given to ways that would boost well-being in developing countries, especially for those food-insecure households still suffering from poverty and hunger.

Global Value Chains in a Changing World

Author: Deborah Kay Elms
Publisher:
ISBN: 9789287038821
Format: PDF, Mobi
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A collection of papers by some of the world's leading specialists on global value chains (GVCs). It examines how GVCs have evolved and the challenges they face in a rapidly changing world. The approach is multi-disciplinary, with contributions from economists, political scientists, supply chain management specialists, practitioners and policy-makers. Co-published with the Fung Global Institute and the Temasek

Making Global Trade Governance Work for Development

Author: Carolyn Deere Birkbeck
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
ISBN: 1139499416
Format: PDF, ePub
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Discussion of the governance of global trade and the multilateral trading system is too often dominated by developed-country scholars and opinion-makers, with inadequate attention given to developing country perspectives. Making Global Trade Governance Work for Development gathers a diversity of developing country views on how to improve the governance of global trade and the WTO to better advance sustainable development and respond to the needs of developing countries. With contributions by senior scholars, commentators and practitioners, the essays combine new, empirically-grounded research with practical insights about the trade policy-making process. They consider the specific governance issues of interest to developing countries and acknowledge the changing dynamics in the global economy and in trade decision-making.

WTO negotiations on agriculture and developing countries

Author: Hoda, Anwarul
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
ISBN: 0801886988
Format: PDF, Kindle
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The World Trade Organization’s Doha Round of trade talks has been plagued by a lack of concrete progress toward establishing a fair and harmonious agricultural trading system. Because the results of the Doha Round could have far-reaching implications for the trade and economic prospects of developing countries in the twenty-first century, it is critical for these countries to fully understand the issues involved in the negotiations on agriculture. However, there has been no authoritative analysis of the rules and modalities on which governments of developing countries can rely. This book, coauthored by an insider to the trade talks that led to the establishment of the WTO, fills this gap. The volume begins with a detailed analysis of the provisions of the WTO’s Agreement on Agriculture and the modalities of the negotiations. It examines the implementation experience of key members of the WTO, then traces the developments in the negotiations up to the recent impasse. In light of these considerations, and on the basis of a case study of India, the authors propose various elements of a negotiating position and strategy for developing countries. The authors offer tough but realistic recommendations regarding tariffs, market access, treatment of sensitive or special products, and other aspects of international trade. This book will be of particular interest to researchers and practitioners as well as students seeking in-depth knowledge of the recent history of agricultural trade talks.