Xenobiotics in the Urban Water Cycle

Author: Despo Fatta-Kassinos
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9048135095
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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The history of chemistry and pharmaceutical sciences is an impressive success story. The products of chemical and pharmaceutical industries are present eve- where in our everyday life. They help to pursue the modern way of living and they contribute to our high standard of living and safety, mobility, communication te- nologies, food, health, textiles and drinking water treatment, among many others. These products are labeled under the categories: pharmaceuticals, pesticides, det- gents, fertilizers, dyes, paints, preservatives, food additives and personal care pr- ucts, to name a few. Within these categories, groups of chemicals with similar structures can be found. However, often groups of chemicals with very different structures belong to the same category. For a long time the production of chemicals and pharmaceuticals, their usage and application was connected with the heavy pollution of the environment and serious health effects. At the end of the last century, it was realised that the products of che- cal and pharmaceutical industries are presenting a new type of environmental pol- tion that may also pose a health risk to the consumer. Most chemicals are used in so-called open applications in excessive amounts e. g. for personal care, hygiene, plant protection, health and in textiles. In many cases such as scents, detergents, textile chemicals, surface disinfectants, pesticides and others it is unavoidable that these chemicals are released into the environment according to their intended use.

Activated Carbon for Water and Wastewater Treatment

Author: Ferhan Cecen
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527639454
Format: PDF
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This monograph provides comprehensive coverage of technologies which integrate adsorption and biological processes in water and wastewater treatment. The authors provide both an introduction to the topic as well as a detailed discussion of theoretical and practical considerations. After a review of the basics involved in the chemistry, biology and technology of integrated adsorption and biological removal, they discuss the setup of pilot- and full-scale treatment facilities, covering powdered as well as granular activated carbon. They elucidate the factors that influence the successful operation of integrated systems. Their discussion on integrated systems expands from the effects of environmental to the removal of various pollutants, to regeneration of activated carbon, and to the analysis of such systems in mathematical terms. The authors conclude with a look at future needs for research and develoment. A truly valuable resource for environmental engineers, environmental and water chemists, as well as professionals working in water and wastewater treatment.

Water Management and the Environment Case Studies

Author: Martina Zelenakova
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319790145
Format: PDF, Kindle
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This book brings together contributions from experts in water management, scientists, researchers, academics and lecturers, sharing experiences and successes in this field. It is devoted to a wide range of water resources management issues, including water quality to water quantity, considering all impacts of water issues in the environment. The book presents international approaches to the latest developments in both the fundamental bases and the applicability of state-of-the-art knowledge that can be effectively used for solving a variety of large problems in integrated water resources management. The main focus of the book is on water pollution - physical, chemical, biological, and geographical pollution, hydrology problems, and limnology tasks.

Enhancing Cleanup of Environmental Pollutants

Author: Naser A. Anjum
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319554263
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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This two-volume work is an effort to provide a common platform to environmental engineers, microbiologists, chemical scientists, plant physiologists and molecular biologists working with a common aim of sustainable solutions to varied environmental contamination issues. Chapters explore biological and non-biological strategies to minimize environmental pollution. Highly readable entries attempt to close the knowledge gap between plant - microbial associations and environmental remediation. Volume 1 focuses on important concepts such as biological remediation strategies to enhance soil quality at contaminated sites; synergistic influences of tolerant plants and rhizospheric microbial strains on the remediation of pesticide contaminated soil, and the role of plant types such as hyperaccumulator plants in the cleanup of polluted soils. Readers will discover mechanisms and underlying natural inherent traits of various plants and microbes for tolerating, excluding, remediating, accumulating, or metabolizing a variety of pollutants.

Analysis Removal Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle

Author:
Publisher: Newnes
ISBN: 0444626948
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle provides an overview of the current analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples. The book also reviews the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle for their elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment, focusing on the newest developments in treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advanced oxidation processes. Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called emerging contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are continuously being released into the environment mainly as a result of the manufacturing processes, the disposal of unused or expired products, and via excreta. The analytical methodology for the determination of trace pharmaceuticals in complex environmental matrices is still evolving, and the number of methods described in the literature has grown considerably. This volume leads the way, keeping chemistry students, toxicologists, engineers, wastewater managers and related professionals current with developments in this quickly evolving area. Covers the latest developments in trace determinations Concise and critical compilation of the recent literature Focuses on new treatment technologies

Analysis Removal Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle

Author: Mira Petrovic
Publisher: Elsevier Science
ISBN: 9780444626578
Format: PDF, ePub
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Analysis, Removal, Effects and Risk of Pharmaceuticals in the Water Cycle provides an overview of the current analytical methods for trace determination of pharmaceuticals in environmental samples. The book also reviews the fate and occurrence of pharmaceuticals in the water cycle for their elimination in wastewater and drinking water treatment, focusing on the newest developments in treatment technologies, such as membrane bioreactors and advanced oxidation processes. Pharmaceutically active substances are a class of new, so-called emerging contaminants that have raised great concern in recent years. Human and veterinary drugs are continuously being released into the environment mainly as a result of the manufacturing processes, the disposal of unused or expired products, and via excreta. The analytical methodology for the determination of trace pharmaceuticals in complex environmental matrices is still evolving, and the number of methods described in the literature has grown considerably. This volume leads the way, keeping chemistry students, toxicologists, engineers, wastewater managers and related professionals current with developments in this quickly evolving area. Covers the latest developments in trace determinations Concise and critical compilation of the recent literature Focuses on new treatment technologies

Umweltbiotechnologie

Author: Werner Bidlingmaier
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 9783827407719
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
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Um die LebensrAume Boden, Wasser und Luft zu erhalten, Ressourcen zu schA1/4tzen und UmweltschAden energiesparend zu sanieren, werden immer neue und bessere biotechnologische Verfahren entwickelt. Vor allem werden Mikroorganismen bei der Abluftreinigung, bei der Stickstoff-, Phosphat- und Nitratelimination aus AbwAssern und Trinkwasser, beim Abbau von Fremdstoffen in BAden sowie bei der Wiederverwertung organischer Reststoffe eingesetzt. Kostenvorteile und eine weitgehende Akzeptanz durch die A-ffentlichkeit spielen dabei eine entscheidende Rolle. Ziel dieses praxisorientierten Lehrbuches ist es, Studenten und Absolventen umweltbezogener StudiengAnge die Grundmechanismen des mikrobiellen Stoffwechsels, der Energiegewinnung sowie der Abbaukinetik von Natur- und Fremdstoffen zu vermitteln. Im zweiten Teil des Buches werden verfahrenstechnische Grundlagen suspendierter Systeme und Biofilme sowie die Biotechnologie der Wasseraufbereitung, der Schlammbehandlung und des Fremdstoffabbaus in der Luft detailliert und an Hand vieler konkreter Beispiele beschrieben. WAhrend die mehr technisch ausgebildeten Studenten Vorteile aus den mikrobiologischen Kapiteln ziehen, werden biologisch/agrarwissenschaftlich vorgebildeten Studenten ihre Kenntnisse im technischen Bereich des Umweltschutzes vertiefen kAnnen. Und der Praktiker kann diesem Buch entnehmen, was Akophysiologisch realistisch und verfahrenstechnisch zu berA1/4cksichtigen ist, um sinnvolle Bemessungs- und PlanungsansAtze zu erstellen.

Biological Monitoring

Author: Jurgen Angerer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 3527621210
Format: PDF, Docs
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Auf Einladung der Deutschen Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) fand am 9. und 10. März 2000 ein Rundgespräch über heutige und künftige Möglichkeiten des Biomonitoring in Arbeits- und Umweltmedizin statt. Das Biomonitoring hat nicht zuletzt durch die unmittelbare Umsetzung der Arbeitsergebnisse der Senatskommission zur Prüfung gesundheitsschädlicher Arbeitsstoffe in geltendes Recht durch die deutsche Arbeitsschutzgesetzgebung in den letzten dreißig Jahren in Deutschland ein hohes Niveau erreicht. Das vorliegende Buch führt die Expertise verschiedener Fachdisziplinen von der Toxikologie, Arbeitsmedizin, Immunologie und Humangenetik bis hin zur Analytik und Epidemiologie zusammen. Hierbei wird die diagnostische Aussagekraft von zytogenetischen Parametern sowie von biochemischen und biologischen Effektmarkern für die Prävention von schadstoffbedingter Erkrankungen ausführlich erörtert. Das geführte Rundgespräch hat somit einen ersten Gedankenaustausch ermöglicht, aus dem sich künftige Forschung entwickeln soll, um die führende Rolle Deutschlands auf diesem wichtigen und sich dynamisch entwickelnden Forschungsgebiet zu halten.