Young Child Observation

Author: Simonetta M.G. Adamo
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1782200606
Format: PDF, Mobi
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Observing young children at play is an everyday and often fascinating and pleasurable experience for many of us. It also has a great pedigree in the development of psychoanalysis from Freud’s observation of his grandson’s game with the cotton-reel onwards. This book describes the practice of observing young children in home and nursery settings in a systematic and non-intrusive way in order to expand our understanding of their emotional, cognitive, and social development. It uses a psychoanalytic lens to enrich the meaning of what is seen. How do minds and personalities take shape? How can we train people to see what is most relevant in helping children to develop? The chapters range from classic papers by famous practitioners of an older generation to observations completed in recent years in the UK, Europe, and the US. Observation of this sort has also spread to Latin America, India, Australia, Africa, and the Far East. The differences and continuities with Infant Observation are the starting point. What happens when a child starts nursery? How active a playmate should an observer be? How do we balance the close attention given to the observed child with the wider group of children in a nursery? How do we make sense of the marked cultural differences we see between families, nurseries, and indeed national cultures? How can we use observation as a baseline for early intervention and how can we research what we are doing? The book is written for the many students and professionals concerned with the care and education of under fives, and for parents, grandparents, and all who are interested in the mind of the young child. The meeting of inner and outer worlds, which characterizes life in these crucial years, is vividly depicted. Readers will delight in the children’s capacity for imaginative thought and also find themselves pondering what makes a nursery a good-enough place for staff and children.

Work Discussion

Author: Jonathan Bradley
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 178049436X
Format: PDF, Docs
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'Work Discussion brings together a combination of close observation of, and personal and interpersonal responses to, the minutiae of the work setting and its dynamics, both internal and external. Such a model depends on the development of hard-won capacities, and the descriptions offered here, both by students and by experienced staff, fully demonstrate the immense relevance of the approach, both to training and to a wide variety of work situations. The book first outlines the process of the method itself, followed by descriptions of a range of settings, both in Britain and abroad, in which that method has been successfully applied. The contributors draw on experiences across age, culture, and race in, for example, schools, hospitals, residential homes, in a prison, and in a refugee community. The final chapter explores the implications of work discussion for research and policy-making more generally. Many of the situations narrated here are extreme, whether in terms of disturbance or of vulnerability, but these pages offer often moving insights into how effective the method can be and how truly impressive a developmental model it provides.'- Margot Waddell, from the Series Editor's Preface

Developments in Infant Observation

Author: Susan Reid
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317835557
Format: PDF, Docs
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Infant observation carried out within the family is a compelling approach to the study of early human development, vividly revealing the impact of intergenerational patterns of child-rearing and the complex relationship between nature and nurture. It provides unique insights into the early origins of emotional disturbance and suggests ways in which healthy development can be promoted by both professional and parent, often resulting in changes to clinical practice. Developments in Infant Observation: The Tavistock Model is a collection of twelve key papers from international contributors. It offers an overview of current practice, explores the new concepts that have arisen from direct observation, and shows how the findings from observation are being applied in the research setting. An essential text for child psychotherapists in training and practice, this is a book that brings alive the academic theories of child development through thought-provoking and stimulating case-studies which will be of interest to any professional working with children.

Melanie Klein Revisited

Author: Susan Sherwin-White
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1781816980
Format: PDF, Kindle
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While much writing has been devoted, predominantly by contemporary Kleinian adult psychoanalysts, to the Kleinian and post Kleinian development of Klein's work, comparatively little has recently been written about the ongoing importance and character of Klein's clinical work for contemporary psychoanalytic psychotherapy or analysis with very small children (2 - 6 year olds). Little attention now seems to be paid to the revolutionary character of her work from the start (in the early 1920s) with this age group and its challenges, still relevant today, or to her recognition of the importance of mother-infant relations in the period long before World War II brought investigation into and understanding of problems of attachment, separation and loss. This book addresses these issues and re-explores Klein's work in these (and other) areas. This book is concerned primarily with Klein's work with pre-latency children and aims to give these small children more of the voice today that Melanie Klein herself discovered. Among important new sources are the treatment notes published in Claudia Frank's seminal book Melanie Klein in Berlin (trans. 2009, Routledge), a rare exception to the current trend of publication for those interested in Klein's child work.This book is relevant to professionals working in a wide range of contexts from a range of professional bases, as well as child psychoanalytic psychotherapists and analysts. It will also be of interest to those concerned with the history and development of child psychoanalysis and especially those interested in Melanie Klein's work in the UK and abroad.

Observation and Its Application to Social Work

Author: Pat Le Riche
Publisher: Jessica Kingsley Publishers
ISBN: 9781853026294
Format: PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Observation helps social workers and students to reflect upon situations before intervening. The Tavistock Model of Observation, which is informed by psychoanalytic ideas (especially those of Klein and Bion) is the starting point of this general book on the role of observation in social work. Karen Tanner and Pat Le Riche have brought together a range of contributions from practitioners and social work academics in order to discuss the application of ideas about observation to social work education and practice. While the Tavistock Model remains influential, the writers draw on material from a number of other disciplines, such as behavioural ethnography, psychology and critical social policy, on observation and social work. The central theme of the book is that of power relations. The authors focus on power in relation to the process of observation, and how observation can be used to counteract oppressive and dehumanising practices. Clearly and perceptively written, the book develops the debate on the purposes of observation and provides an overview of current practice. It will be of use to students and professionals alike.

The Tavistock Model

Author: Esther Bick
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1780498497
Format: PDF
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'This is a new edition of Mattie Harris's papers together with two of Mrs Bick's. The papers span sixteen years of development. They illustrate the conviction that detailed observation, especially as taught by Mrs Bick, is the basis of learning about emotional life. Thus the first few papers, while ostensibly describing the training of a child psychotherapist, are actually a guideline for learning about one's own emotional experience and hence of becoming a person. Mattie was very much inspired by Melanie Klein's teaching but was aware of the basic assumption groupings that arise, both internally and externally, through idealization of a great figure and which are death to individual thinking. Bion was an especial influence on her, particularly his idea of learning from the experience of tolerating frustration, and eschewing memory and desire in order to focus ont he present moment. The majority of her papers link experiences of infant observation with descriptions of analysis of child or adult cases. Each paper describes new aspects of the experience required for the development of an alive character. They are written in the concise,even-handed style of Mattie's personality and show her intense interest in the details that make each of us unique.'- Joan Symington, Child psychiatrist and training analyst, Australian Psychoanalytical Society

The Early Years of Life

Author: Gertraud Diem-Wille
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1855757109
Format: PDF
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`Professor Diem-Wille has done a remarkable job in bringing to her readers the latest observations on child development, based on the ideas of Freud and Klein as implemented in work at the Tavistock Clinic in London and at the University of Vienna. The book is of great relevance to professionals in the human relations field, but is also written in such a readable and humane manner that it should appeal to countless parents of young children. I strongly recommend it.' Anton Obholzer, Director, Tavistock Clinic, London, 1985-2002 `Diem-Wille treats her readers with great sensitivity, never wanting to prescribe, emphasizing the wide range of "normal behaviour" and taking into account the doubts and objections which might be raised regarding the views put forward. It is a book which will be of great value to parents, teachers, paediatricians, and all those concerned with furthering the understanding of children.' Isca Salzberger-Wittenberg, author of The Emotional Experience of Learning and Teaching `This book provides a powerfully argued and beautifully constructed account of the early development of the child in the family context from a psychoanalytic perspective [...] The breadth of the scholarship, depth of the clinical thinking, and skill that is in evidence will also make the book of real interest and relevance to readers already familiar with the psychoanalytic terrain. To an impressive degree the author brings together fundamental theories of psychoanalysis, insights from infant observation, knowledge of empirical research in child development, aspects of modern neuroscience, and a very substantial experience of clinical work in parent-infant psychotherapy and child analysis. This latter is particularly welcome since the importance of child analysis for the contemporary understanding of child developmental issues is sometimes not adequately appreciated. The examples drawn from sustained analytic work with children demonstrate both the nature of the children's suffering and the way in which analysis, through close attention to their unconscious anxieties, can relieve this and open up their capacity for emotional and cognitive development and for enjoyment of their lives.' From the preface by Margaret Rustin, Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist at the Tavistock and Portman NHS Foundation Trust

Surviving Space

Author: Andrew Briggs
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 9781855752924
Format: PDF, ePub
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Surviving Space is a collection of papers on infant observation and related issues by contemporary experts in the field, commemorating the centenary of Esther Bick and the unique contribution she has made to psychoanalytic theory. As part of the prestigious Tavistock Clinic Series, this is an essential addition to this highly-valued and innovative series. Infant observation is crucial to most psychotherapy training, and this work would be of obvious value to those commencing their training, as well as valuable insights for all psychotherapists.

What Can the Matter Be

Author: Elizabeth Bradley
Publisher: Karnac Books
ISBN: 1780493983
Format: PDF, ePub
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This volume is the result of over twenty years of therapeutic interventions with families within the Tavistock Clinic's Under Fives Service. It describes in detail the process of understanding young children's communications and behaviour and the dynamics of family relationships within the consulting room in a lively, accessible style. It covers common themes in work with young children such as disruptive, angry behaviour, separation and sleep difficulties, and problems in the parent/couple relationship. This book is essential reading for all early years professionals hoping to gain a greater understanding of the technique, observational skills and theory which underlie a psychodynamic approach to work with the under fives.